Bibliography

Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Abels, Jules. Man on Fire: John Brown and the Cause of Liberty. New York: Macmillan, 1971. Book Secondary 1971 Full Record
Acton, Richard. "The Story of Ann Raley: Mother of the Coppoc Boys." Palimpsest 72, no. 1 (1991): 20-33. Journal Article Secondary 1991 Full Record
Acton, Richard. "An Iowan's Death at Harpers Ferry." Palimpsest 70, no. 4 (1989): 186-197. Journal Article Secondary 1989 Full Record
Allen, Austin. Origins of the Dred Scott Case: Jacksonian Jurisprudence and the Supreme Court, 1837-1857. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006 Full Record
Allen, Austin. "The Political Economy of Blackness: Citizenship, Corporations, and Race in Dred Scott." Civil War History 50, no. 3 (2004): 229-260. Journal Article Secondary 2004 Full Record
Askew, Margaret. "Harper's Ferry: Could It Have Been Defended?" Virginia Cavalcade 29, no. 1 (1979): 14-21. Journal Article Secondary 1979 Full Record
Bacon, Margaret Hope. Rebellion at Christiana. New York: Crown Publishers Inc, 1975 Book Secondary 1975 Full Record
Baker, Eric. "A Yankee Lieutenant Rides the Underground Railroad." Military Images 15, no. 4 (1994): 12-15. Journal Article Secondary 1994 Full Record
Belz, Herman. "Rhetoric and Deliberation in the Debate Over Slavery -- Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: In the Crucible of Public Debate by David Zarefsky." Review of Politics 54, no. 2 (Spring 1992): 338. Journal Article Secondary 1992 Full Record
Birkner, Michael J., moderator. “James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s: A Panel Discussion.” Pennsylvania History 60, no. 3 (1993): 261-287. Journal Article Secondary 1993 Full Record
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Blight, David W. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books in Association with the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, 2004. Book Secondary 2004 Full Record
Blue, Rose, and Corinne J. Naden. Dred Scott: Person or Property?. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2005. Book Secondary 2005 Full Record
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Boone, William A. "The Tracks Lead South: An Underground Railroad from Texas into Mexico." Journal of Big Bend Studies 15 (2003): 69-82. Journal Article Secondary 2003 Full Record
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Brooks, Elaine. "Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society." Journal of Negro History 30 (July 1945): 311-330. Journal Article Secondary 1945 Full Record
Brown, Charles Harvey. Agents of Manifest Destiny: The Lives and Times of the Filibusters. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980. Book Secondary 1980 Full Record
Browne, John W., and Irving H. Bartlett. "Abolitionists, Fugitives, and Imposters in Boston, 1846-1847." New England Quarterly 55, no. 1 (1982): 97-110. Journal Article Secondary 1982 Full Record
Burgan, Michael. Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Social Reformer. Signature Lives. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2006. Book Secondary 2006 Full Record
By a Lady Subscriber. "The Rights of the Women." The Ladies' Repository 15 (April 4 1855): 238-238. Journal Article Primary 1855 Full Record
Canavan, Francis. "That Eminent Tribunal." First Things 85 (1998): 34-39. Journal Article Secondary 1998 Full Record
Carton, Evan. "Crossing Harpers Ferry: Liberal Education and John Brown's Corpus." American Literature 73, no. 4 (2001): 837-863. Journal Article Secondary 2001 Full Record
Catterall, Helen Tunnicliff. "Some Antecedents of the Dred Scott Case." American Historical Review 30, no. 1 (1942): 56-71. Journal Article Secondary 1924 Full Record
Clark, Margaret Goff. Freedom Crossing. New York: Scholastic Book Services, 1980. Book Tertiary 1980 Full Record
Coffin, Addison. Life and Travels of Addison Coffin. Cleveland, OH: W.G. Hubbard, 1897. Book Primary 1897 Full Record
Coffin, Levi. Reminiscences of Levi Coffin. The American Negro, His History and Literature. 2nd ed. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co., 1880. Book Primary 1880 Full Record
Coggan, Blanche. "The Underground Railroad in Michigan." Negro History Bulletin 27, no. 5 (1964): 122-126. Journal Article Secondary 1964 Full Record
Cohen, Joel E. "The Dred Scott Decision: Background and Implications." Negro History Bulletin 26 (1963): 145-147, 155. Journal Article Secondary 1963 Full Record
Cohen, Noam. "In Frederick Douglass Tribute, Slave Folklore and Fact Collide." New York Times, January 23, 2007. Other Tertiary 2007 Full Record
Cohen, Stan. John Brown: The Thundering Voice of Jehovah. Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Pub. Co., 1999. Book Secondary 1999 Full Record
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Cole, Diane. "Patterns of Controversy." U.S. News & World Report, July 2, 2007. Journal Article Secondary 2007 Full Record
Conard, Rebecca. "A Gamble for Freedom: Frances Overton and the Underground Railroad in Grinnell." Iowa Heritage Illustrated 85, no. 4 (2004): 156-159. Journal Article Secondary 2004 Full Record
Cooper, Afua. "The Fluid Frontier: Blacks and the Detroit River Region: A Focus on Henry Bibb." Canadian Review of American Studies 30, no. 2 (2000): 129-149. Journal Article Secondary 2000 Full Record
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Cowan, Hilary. "Fresh New Finds--A House Divided: The Lincoln-Douglas Debates." Electronic Learning 15, no. 3 (November 1995): 43. Journal Article Secondary 1995 Full Record
Cowens, John. "Looking for the Big Dipper." Teaching Pre K-8 37 (May 2007): 42. Journal Article Secondary 2007 Full Record
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Crooks, George R. Life and Letters of the Rev. John M'Clintock. New York: Nelson & Philips, 1876. Book Primary 1876 Full Record
Cutter, Donald C. "The Legacy of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo." New Mexico Historical Review 53, no. 4 (1978): 305-315. Journal Article Secondary 1978 Full Record
Davidson, J. N. Negro Slavery in Wisconsin and the Underground Railroad. Milwaukee, WI: Parkman Club Publications, 1896. Book Secondary 1896 Full Record
Delle, James A., and Mary Ann Levine. "Excavations at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidence for the Underground Railroad?" Northeast Historical Archaeology 33 (2004): 131-152. Journal Article Secondary 2004 Full Record
Desmond, Jerry R. "The Attempt to Repeal Maine's Personal Liberty Laws." Maine History 37, no. 4 (1998): 194-209. Journal Article Secondary 1998 Full Record
Desmond, Jerry R. "Maine and the Elections of 1860." New England Quarterly 67, no. 3 (1994): 455. Journal Article Secondary 1994 Full Record
DeVillers, David. The John Brown Slavery Revolt Trial: A Headline Court Case. Headline Court Cases. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2000. Book Secondary 2000 Full Record
Dickinson, Sara. " ‘His Soul is Marching On’: Norwid and the Story of John Brown." Polish Review 35, no. 3-4 (1990): 211-229. Journal Article Secondary 1990 Full Record
Dillon, Merton L. "John P. Parker and the Underground Railroad." Timeline 22 (2005): 2-15. Journal Article Secondary 2005 Full Record
Donald, David Herbert. "1860: The Road Not Taken." Smithsonian 35, no. 7 (October 2004): 54-56. Journal Article Secondary 2004 Full Record
Donlan, Leni. Working for Change: The Struggle for Women's Rights. Chicago: Raintree, 2008. Book Secondary 2008 Full Record
Drescher, Seymour. "Servile Insurrection and John Brown's Body in Europe." Journal of American History 80, no. 2 (1993): 499-524. Journal Article Secondary 1993 Full Record
Du Bois, Ellen Carol. Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America 1848-1869. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978. Book Secondary 1978 Full Record
Dykstra, Robert R. "The Know Nothings Nobody Knows: Political Nativists in Antebellum Iowa." Annals of Iowa 53, no. 1 (Winter 1994): 5-24. Journal Article Secondary 1994 Full Record
Dykstra, Robert R. "Dr. Emerson's Sam: Black Iowans before the Civil War." Iowa Heritage Illustrated 85, no. 2-3 (2004): 50-63. Journal Article Secondary 2004 Full Record
Ebersole, Mark C. "Abolition Divides the Meeting House: Quakers and Slavery in Early Lancaster County." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 102, no. 1 (2000): 2-27. Journal Article Secondary 2000 Full Record
Eby, Cecil D. "The Last Hours of the John Brown Raid: The Narrative of David H. Strother." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 73, no. 2 (1965): 169-177. Journal Article Secondary 1965 Full Record
Ehrlich, Walter. "Origins of the Dred Scott Case." Journal of Negro History 59, no. 2 (1974): 132-142. Journal Article Secondary 1974 Full Record
Ehrlich, Walter. "Was the Dred Scott Case Valid?" Journal of American History 55, no. 2 (1968): 256-265. Journal Article Secondary 1968 Full Record
Elbert, E. Duane. "The English Bill: An Attempt to Compromise the Lecompton Dilemma." Kansas History 1, no. 4 (1978): 219-234. Journal Article Secondary 1978 Full Record
Ely, James W., Jr., and Daniel P. Jordan. "Harper's Ferry Revisited: Father Costello's ‘Short Sketch’ of Brown's Raid." Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia 85, no. 1-2 (1974): 59-67. Journal Article Secondary 1974 Full Record
Evans, Melvern, Jr. "The Hotel by the Railroad: Christiana's Finest." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 89 (1985): 53-62. Journal Article Secondary 1985 Full Record
Farr, Joseph, and Deborah Swanson. "Joseph Farr Remembers the Underground Railroad in St. Paul." Minnesota History 57, no. 3 (2000): 123-129. Journal Article Secondary 2000 Full Record
Fehrenbacher, Don E. "Roger B. Taney and the Sectional Crisis." Journal of Southern History 43, no. 4 (1977): 555-566. Journal Article Secondary 1977 Full Record
Fehrenbacher, Don E. "Only His Stepchildren: Lincoln and the Negro." Civil War History 20, no. 4 (1974): 293-310. Journal Article Secondary 1974 Full Record
Fellman, Michael. "Theodore Parker and the Abolitionist Role in the 1850's." Journal of American History 61, no. 3 (1974): 666-684. Journal Article Secondary 1974 Full Record
Fine, Gary Alan. "John Brown's Body: Elites, Heroic Embodiment, and the Legitimation of Political Violence." Social Problems 46, no. 2 (1999): 225-249. Journal Article Secondary 1999 Full Record
Finkelman, Paul. "Prigg V. Pennsylvania: Understanding Justice Story's Proslavery Nationalism." Journal of Supreme Court History 2 (1997): 51-64. Journal Article Secondary 1997 Full Record
Finkelman, Paul. "'Hooted Down the Page of History': Reconsidering the Greatness of Chief Justice Taney." Journal of Supreme Court History (1994): 83-102. Journal Article Secondary 1994 Full Record
Finkelman, Paul. "Prigg V. Pennsylvania and Northern State Courts: Anti-Slavery use of a Pro-Slavery Decision." Civil War History 35 (1979): 5-35. Journal Article Secondary 1979 Full Record
Fleischner, Jennifer. The Dred Scott Case: Testing the Right to Live Free. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997 Full Record
Fleming, Thomas J. "The Trial of John Brown." American Heritage 18, no. 5 (1967): 28-33, 92-100. Journal Article Secondary 1967 Full Record
Flexner, Eleanor. Century of Struggle: The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975. Book Secondary 1975 Full Record
Forbes, David R. A True Story of the Christiana Riot. Quarryville, PA: Sun Printing House, 1898.
Book Secondary 1898 Full Record
Forbes, Ella. "'By My Own Right Arm': Redemptive Violence and the 1851 Christiana, Pennsylvania Resistance." Journal of Negro History 83, no. 3 (1998): 159-167. Journal Article Secondary 1998 Full Record
Forbes, Ella. "But We Have No Country: The 1851 Christiana, Pennsylvania, Resistance." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 123, no. 3 (1998): 248-250. Journal Article Secondary 1998 Full Record
Forster, Henry A. "Did the Decision in the Dred Scott Case Lead to the Civil War?" American Law Review 52 (November 1918): 875-884. Journal Article Secondary 1918 Full Record
Frazier, Thomas and Tom Carney. "A Man Named Sam." Adventist Heritage 17, no. 1 (1996): 53-55. Journal Article Secondary 1996 Full Record
Frisch, Morton J. "The Lincoln-Douglas Debates and History." Lincoln Herald 57, no. 4 (1956): 17-19. Journal Article Secondary 1956 Full Record
Frye, Dennis E. "‘Through God's Blessing’." North & South 5, no. 7 (2002): 66-74. Journal Article Secondary 2002 Full Record
Gara, Larry. "The Underground Railroad: Legend and Reality." Timeline 5, no. 4 (1988): 18-31. Journal Article Secondary 1988 Full Record
Gara, Larry.  "The Myth of the Underground Railroad." American History Illustrated 12, no. 9 (1978): 34-41. Journal Article Secondary 1978 Full Record
Gara, Larry. "Slavery and the Slave Power: A Crucial Distinction." Civil War History 15, no. 1 (1969): 5-18. Journal Article Secondary 1969 Full Record
Gara, Larry.  "The Real Story of the Underground Railroad." Civil War Times 3, no. 5 (1964): 40-45. Journal Article Secondary 1964 Full Record
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad in Illinois." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56, no. 3 (1963): 508-528. Journal Article Secondary 1963 Full Record
Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1961. Book Secondary 1961 Full Record
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad: Legend or Reality?" Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 105, no. 3 (1961): 334-339. Journal Article Secondary 1961 Full Record
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad: A Re-Evaluation." Ohio Historical Quarterly 69, no. 3 (1960): 217-230. Journal Article Secondary 1960 Full Record
Garraty, John Arthur. Quarrels That Have Shaped the Constitution. New York: Harper & Row, 1964. Book Secondary 1964 Full Record
Gauen, Patrick E. "Great Debate." St. Louis Post – Dispatch. August 29, 1994. Other Secondary 1994 Full Record
Gold, Michael. Life of John Brown: Centennial of His Execution. New York: Roving Eye Press, 1960. Book Secondary 1960 Full Record
Goodall, Hurley C. Underground Railroad : The Invisible Road to Freedom through Indiana. Muncie, IN: H.C. Goodall, 2000. Book Secondary 2000 Full Record
Graff, Daniel A. "Forging an American St. Louis: Labor, Race, and Citizenship from the Louisiana Purchase to Dred Scott." PhD diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2004. Thesis Secondary 2004 Full Record
Graham, Lorenz B. John Brown's Raid: A Picture History of the Attack on Harpers Ferry, Virginia. New York: Scholastic Book Services, 1972. Book Secondary 1972 Full Record
Greenstone, J. David. "Political Culture and American Political Development: Liberty, Union, and the Liberal Bipolarity." Studies in American Political Development 1 (1986): 1-49. Journal Article Secondary 1986 Full Record
Guelzo, Allen C. "Houses Divided: Lincoln, Douglas, and the Political Landscape of 1858." Journal of American History 94, no. 2 (September 2007): 391-417. Journal Article Secondary 2007 Full Record