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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Kashatus, William C. "Two Stationmasters on the Underground Railroad: A Tale of Black and White." Pennsylvania Heritage 27, no. 4 (2001): 4-11. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Haley, Alex. A Different Kind of Christmas. New York: Doubleday, 1988. Book Secondary 1988
Berg, Richard and Joe Balkoski. "Veracruz: Us Invasion of Mexico, 1847." Strategy & Tactics 63 (1977): 4-18. Journal Article Secondary 1977
Sanchez, Joseph P. "General Mariano Arista at the Battle of Palo Alto, Texas, 1846: Military Realist or Failure?" Journal of the West 24, no. 2 (1985): 8-21. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Conway, Moncure Daniel. "Abolitionism and Southern Independence." William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine 25 (1916): 137-138.  Journal Article Primary 1916
Binder, Frederick Moore. James Buchanan and the American Empire. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Dirck, Brian R. Lincoln & Davis: Imagining America, 1809-1865. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Davis, James Edward. Frontier Illinois. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Bryant, Jennifer. Lucretia Mott: A Guiding Light. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Crofts, Daniel W. "Late Antebellum Virginia Reconsidered." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 107, no. 3 (Summer 1999): 253-286. Journal Article Secondary 1954
Stocking, William. "The New England Churches and the Fugitive Slave Law." Detroit Historical Monthly (1923): 9. Book Chapter Secondary 1923
Whitman, T. Stephen. " ‘Just Over the Line’: Chester County and the Underground Railroad." Journal of American History 90, no. 1 (June 2003): 179-183.
Journal Article Secondary 2003
Sandoval, David A. "The American Invasion of New Mexico and Mexican Merchants." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (2001): 61-72. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Conway, Moncure Daniel. Moncure Conway Letters. Washington, DC: Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1971. Book Primary 1971
Binder, Frederick Moore. “James Buchanan: Jacksonian Expansionist.” Historian 55, no. 1 (Autumn 1992): 69-84. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Dirck, Brian R. Lincoln the Lawyer. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Leonard, Gerald. The Invention of Party Politics: Federalism, Popular Sovereignty, and Constitutional Development in Jacksonian Illinois. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Belmont, August. A Few Letters and Speeches of the late Civil War. New York, 1870. Book Primary 1870
Berger, Meyer. The Story of the New York Times. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1951. Book Secondary 1951
Crofts, Daniel W. "A Reluctant Unionist: John A. Gilmer and Lincoln's Cabinet." Civil War History 24, no. 3 (1978): 225-249. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Escott, Paul D., ed. North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Williams-Myers, A. J. "Some Notes on the Extent of New York City's Involvement in the Underground Railroad." Afro - Americans in New York Life and History 29, no. 2 (July 2005): 73-82 Journal Article Secondary 2005
Hansen, Ellen. The Underground Railroad: Life on the Road to Freedom. Perspectives on History Series. Lowell, MA: Discovery Enterprises, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Conway, Moncure Daniel. Moncure D. Conway Addresses and Reprints, 1850-1907: Published and Unpublished Work Representing the Literary and Philosophical Life of the Author. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909. Book Primary 1909
Buchanan, James. Mr. Buchanan’s Administration on the Eve of the Rebellion. New York: D. Appleton, 1866. Book Primary 1866
Belmont, August. Letters, Speeches and Addresses. New York, 1890. Book Primary 1890
Helper, Hinton Rowan. The Land of Gold: Reality Versus Fiction. Baltimore, 1855. Book Primary 1855
Brown, Francis. Raymond of the Times. New York: Norton, 1951. Book Secondary 1951
Varon, Elizabeth R. Disunion!: The Coming of the American Civil War, 1789-1859. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Boman, Dennis K. "The Dred Scott Case Reconsidered: The Legal and Political Context in Missouri." American Journal of Legal History 44, no. 4 (2000): 405-428. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Kauffman, Bill. "Harriet Tubman, Pre-Mummification." The American Enterprise 17 (June 2006): 46. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Associated Press. "Breyer: Even History's Bad Decisions Can Teach." The Capital, June 16, 2007. Newspaper Article Secondary 2007
Heidish, Marcy. A Woman Called Moses: A Novel Based on the Life of Harriet Tubman. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976. Book Secondary 1976
Bigham, John Mills. "Relics of the Palmetto Regiment." Military Images 10, no. 6 (1989): 9-11. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Santoni, Pedro. " 'Where Did the Other Heroes Go?' Exalting the Polko National Guard Battalions in Nineteenth-Century Mexico." Journal of Latin American Studies 34, no. 4 (November 2002): 807-844. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Bentley, Judith. Dear Friend: Thomas Garrett & William Still, Collaborators on the Underground Railroad. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Republican Documents. Gen. Jackson and James Buchanan. Blair, Francis Preston, ed. Silver Spring, MD, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Faragher, John Mack. Sugar Creek: Life on the Illinois Prairie. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Katz, Irving. August Belmont: A Political Biography. New York: Columbia University Press, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Helper, Hinton Rowan. The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It. New York: Burdick Brothers, 1857. Book Primary 1857
Lovejoy, Joseph C. Memoir of Rev. Charles T. Torrey. Boston: John P. Jewett & Co., 1847. Book Primary 1847
Talese, Gay. The Kingdom and the Power. New York: World Pub. Co., 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Varon, Elizabeth R. Southern Lady, Yankee Spy: The True Story of Elizabeth Van Lew, a Union Agent in the Heart of the Confederacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Kirwan, Albert Dennis. John J. Crittenden: The Struggle for the Union. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Boone, William A. "The Tracks Lead South: An Underground Railroad from Texas into Mexico." Journal of Big Bend Studies 15 (2003): 69-82. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Hudson, J. Blaine. Encyclopedia of the Underground Railroad. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2006. Book Tertiary 2006
Bill, Alfred Hoyt. Rehearsal for Conflict: The War with Mexico, 1846-1848. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1947. Book Secondary 1947
Santoni, Pedro. "The Failure of Mobilization: The Civic Militia of Mexico in 1846." Mexican Studies-Estudios Mexicanos 12, no. 2 (1996): 169-194. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Ronda, Bruce A. Reading the Old Man: John Brown in American Culture. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Conway, Moncure Daniel. On the Eve of Seventy-Four. London: South Place Ethical Society, 1906. Book Primary 1906
Bordewich, Fergus M. "Digging into a Historic Rivalry: Abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens Has Long Been Eclipsed by His Pennsylvania Neighbor President James Buchanan, but Recent Archaeological Findings Are Elevating the Reputation of the Architect of Reconstruction." Smithsonian 34, no. 11 (2004): 96-107. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Simeone, James. Democracy and Slavery in Frontier Illinois: The Bottomland Republic. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Black, David. The King of Fifth Avenue: The Fortunes of August Belmont. New York: Dial Press, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Helper, Hinton Rowan. Compendium of the Impending Crisis of the South. New York: A. B. Burdick, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Turner, Edward Raymond. The Negro in Pennsylvania: Slavery-Servitude-Freedom, 1639-1861. Washington, DC: The American Historical Association, 1911. Book Secondary 1911
Maverick, Augustus. Henry J. Raymond and the New York Press, for Thirty Years. Hartford, CT: A.S. Hale, 1870. Book Secondary 1870
Scroggins, Mark. Hannibal: The Life of Abraham Lincoln’s First Vice President. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Larson, Kate Clifford. The Assassin’s Accomplice: Mary Surratt and the Plot to Kill Abraham Lincoln. New York: Basic Books, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Cozzens, Peter. Shenandoah 1862: Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Condon, William. Life of Major General James Shields. Chicago: Press of Blakely Printing Co., 1900. Book Secondary 1900
Fellman, Michael. "Theodore Parker and the Abolitionist Role in the 1850's." Journal of American History 61, no. 3 (1974): 666-684. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Hudson, J. Blaine. Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in the Kentucky Borderland. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Black, Susan Easton. "The Mormon Battalion: Conflict Between Religious and Military Authority." Southern California Quarterly 74, no. 4 (1992): 313-328. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Santori, Pedro. Mexicans at Arms: Federalists and the Politics of War, 1845-1848. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Peterson, Merrill D. John Brown: The Legend Revisited. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Conway, Moncure Daniel. Autobiography, Memories and Experiences of Moncure Daniel Conway. 2 vols. New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1904.
Book Primary 1904
Bracey, John H., August Meier, and Elliott M. Rudwick. Blacks in the Abolitionist Movement. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1971. Book Secondary 1971
Burnett, Constance Buel. Five for Freedom: Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt. New York: Abelard Press, 1953. Book Secondary 1953
Helper, Hinton Rowan. Nojoque: A Question for a Continent. New York: G. W. Carleton, 1867. Book Primary 1867
Muelder, Owen W. The Underground Railroad in Western Illinois. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Hunt, H. Draper. “President Lincoln’s First Vice: Hannibal Hamlin of Maine.” Lincoln Herald 88, no. 4 (Winter 1986): 137-44. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Castle, Henry A. “General James Shields, Soldier, Orator, Statesman.” Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society 15 (May 1915): 711-730. Journal Article Secondary 1915
Humez, Jean McMahon. Harriet Tubman: The Life and the Life Stories. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Blake, Henry Nichols. "Harvard in the War Against Mexico." Harvard Graduates' Magazine 27 (1919): 340-343. Journal Article Secondary 1919
Sandweiss, Martha A. Eyewitness to War: Prints and Daguerreotypes of the Mexican War, 1846-1848. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Conway, Moncure Daniel. Farewell Discourses, Delivered at South Place Chapel, Finsbury, London. London: E.W. Allen, 1884. Book Primary 1884
Hall, Stephen G. "To Render the Private Public: William Still and the Selling of the Underground Rail Road." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 127, no. 1 (2003): 35-55.
Journal Article Secondary 2003
Hamlin, Charles Eugene. The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1899. Book Secondary 1899
Bailey, Hugh C. Hinton. Rowan Helper: Abolitionist-Racist. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Cruson, Daniel. The Slaves of central Fairfield County: The Journey from Slave to Freeman in Nineteenth-Century Connecticut. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Kates, David Aaron. "Horatio Collins King's "Journal of My College Life, Comprising love, foolishness and the like." John and Mary's Journal 13 (2000): 19-31. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Washburne, Elihu Benjamin. Recollections of a Minister to France 1869-1877. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1887. Book Primary 1887
Baringer, William E. A House Dividing: Lincoln as President Elect. Springfield, IL: Abraham Lincoln Association, 1945. Book Secondary 1945
Bordewich, Fergus M. "Free at Last." Smithsonian 35, no. 9 (2004): 64-71. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Kay, Alan N. On the Trail of John Brown's Body. Young Heroes of History. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Kids, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Blevins, Don. "The Forgotten Peacemaker, Nicholas Trist." American History Illustrated 14, no. 3 (1979): 4-8, 42-47. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Schafer, Rollie. "Finding the Way and Fixing the Boundary: The Science and Art of Western Map Making as Exemplified by William H. Emory and His Colleagues of the U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers." Military History of the West 31, no. 1 (2001): 1-26. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Horton, James Oliver. "Flight to Freedom: One Family and the Story of the Underground Railroad." Magazine of History 15, no. 4 (2001): 42-45. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Buchanan, James. Remarks of Mr. Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, in reply to Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts against the Independent Treasury bill, Senate U.S. March 3, 1840. Washington, DC: Globe Office, 1840. Book Primary 1840
Hunt, H. Draper. Hannibal Hamlin of Maine: Lincoln's First Vice-President. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Gara, Larry. "The Fugitive Slave Law: A Double Paradox." Civil War History 10, no. 3 (1964): 229-240. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Govan, Gilbert E.and James Weston Livingood. A Different Valor: The Story of General Joseph E. Johnston, C.S.A. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1956. Book Secondary 1956
Palmer, Benjamin Morgan. Slavery A Divine Trust: The Duty of the South to Preserve and Perpetuate the Institution as it Now Exists. New York: George F. Nesbitt & Company, 1861. Book Primary 1861
Blue, Frederick J.Salmon P. Chase: A Life in Politics. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Kates, David Aaron, ed. "Sophmore Year, 2d Sesssion, Commencing January 17, 1856." John and Mary's Journal 13 (2000): 33-58. Journal Article Primary 2000
Fine, Gary Alan. "John Brown's Body: Elites, Heroic Embodiment, and the Legitimation of Political Violence." Social Problems 46, no. 2 (1999): 225-249. Journal Article Secondary 1999
Kelleghan, Thomas C. "Was there an ‘Eighth Debate’?" Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56, no. 1 (1963): 74-77. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Carey, Patrick W. "Political Atheism: Dred Scott, Roger Brooke Taney, and Orestes A Brownson." Catholic Historical Review 88, no. 2 (2002): 207-229. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Bloom, John Porter. "Johnny Gringo at the Pass of the North." Password 43, no. 1 (1998): 24-32. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Scheina, Robert L. "Seapower Misused: Mexico at War, 1846-48." Mariner's Mirror 57, no. 2 (1971): 203-214. Journal Article Secondary 1971