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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Davidson, J. A. "After Moncure Daniel Conway." The Christian Century 80 (1963): 277. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Buchanan, James. Correspondence. Unpublished, 1819-1866. MC 1998.10, James Buchanan Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA. Other Primary 1866
Howells, William Dean, and John L. Hayes. Lives and Speeches of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin. Columbus, OH: Follett, Foster & Co., 1860. Book Primary 1860
Gara, Larry. "The Fugitive Slave Law in the Eastern Ohio Valley." Ohio History 73, no. 2 (1963): 116-128. Journal Article Secondary 1963
McDougal, Marion Gleason. Radcliffe College Monographs: Fugitive Slaves (1619-1865). Boston: Ginn & Company, 1891. Book Primary 1891
Symonds, Craig L. Joseph E. Johnston: A Civil War Biography. New York: Norton, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Wolfe, Samuel M. Helper’s Impending Crisis Dissected. Philadelphia: J. T. Lloyd, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Niven, John. Salmon P. Chase: A Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers. 2 vols. New York: Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin, 1868. Book Secondary 1868
McClure, Alexander Kelly. Correspondence. Unpublished, 1850-1866. Book Primary 1850
Keller, Allan. "John Brown's Raid." American History Illustrated 11, no. 5 (1976): 34-45. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Kashatus, William C. In Pursuit of Freedom: Teaching the Underground Railroad. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Schreier, Konrad F., Jr. "A Study of the Location of Mule Hill: General Kearny's Camp After the Battle of San Pasqual." Journal of San Diego History 21, no. 2 (1975): 12-22. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Klein, Philip S. President James Buchanan. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Lash, Jeffrey N. Destroyer of the Iron Horse: General Joseph E. Johnston and Confederate Rail Transport. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Measday, Walter. "Cape May and the Underground Railroad." Cape May County Magazine of History and Biography  7, no. 3 (June 1975): 139-145. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Kirshner, Ralph. The Class of 1861: Custer, Ames, and Their Classmates after West Point. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Finkelman, Paul. "Prigg V. Pennsylvania: Understanding Justice Story's Proslavery Nationalism." Journal of Supreme Court History 2 (1997): 51-64. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Parker, Sue T. "The Underground Railroad." National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center Newsletter 6, no. 3 (Summer 1995): 3-7. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Strother, Horatio T. The Underground Railroad in Connecticut. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Bochin, Hal W. "Tom Corwin's Speech Against the Mexican War: Courageous but Misunderstood." Ohio History 90, no. 1 (1981): 33-53. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Schroeder, John H. "Congress and Opposition to the Mexican War." Capitol Studies 3, no. 1 (1975): 15-30. Journal Article Secondary 1975
D'Entremont, John. Moncure Conway, 1832-1907: American Abolitionist, Spiritual Architect of "South Place," Author of "The Life of Thomas Paine." London: South Place Ethical Society, 1977. Book Secondary 1977
Munro, Ken. Fire, Smoke, and Secrets. Lancaster, PA: Gaslight Publishers, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Cohen, William. James Miller McKim: Pennsylvania Abolitionist. New York: New York University, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Buchanan, James and Horace Greeley. James Buchanan, His Doctrines and Policy as Exhibited by Himself and Friends. New York: Greeley & McElrath, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Kruman, Marc W. Parties and Politics in North Carolina 1836 - 1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983. Book Secondary 1983
Warren, Charles. History of the Harvard Law School and of Early Legal Conditions in America. New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1908. Book Secondary 1908
Hill, Daniel G. The Freedom-Seekers: Blacks in Early Canada. Toronto: Stoddart, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Rivinus, Edward F. and E. M. Youssef. Spencer Baird of the Smithsonian. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Kaufman, Kenneth C. "Dred Scott's Advocate: A Biography of Roswell M. Field." Journal of Southern History 64, no. 1 (1998): 133-134. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Kantrowitz, Stephen. Ben Tillman and the Reconstruction of White Supremacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000 Book Secondary 2000
Graber, Mark A. "Desperately Ducking Slavery: Dred Scott and Contemporary Constitutional Theory." Constitutional Commentary 14, no. 2 (1997): 271. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Kashatus, William C. Just Over the Line: Chester County and the Underground Railroad. West Chester, PA: Chester County Historical Society, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Dialectical Society. Debate on Mr. Moncure D. Conway's Paper "On Marriage" April, 1871. London: 1871. Book Primary 1871
Buchanan, James and Harriet L. Johnston. Papers of James Buchanan and Harriet L. Johnston. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1977. Book Primary 1977
Thomas, Emory M. Bold Dragoon: The Life of J. E. B. Stuart. New York: Harper & Row, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Herringshaw, Thomas William. Herringshaw’s National Library of American Biography. Chicago: American Publishers’ Association, 1914. Book Secondary 1914
Kantrowitz, Stephen. “Youngest Living Carpetbagger Tells All: Or, How Regional Myopia Created ‘Pitchfork Ben’ Tillman.” Southern Cultures 8 (2002): 18-37. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Kelley, Donald Brooks. "Harper's Ferry: Prelude to Crisis in Mississippi." Journal of Mississippi History 27, no. 4 (1965): 351-372. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Stutler, Boyd B. "John Brown's Body." Civil War History 4, no. 3 (1958): 251-260. Journal Article Secondary 1958
King, Roger A. The Underground Railroad in Orange County, NY: The Silent Rebellion. Monroe, NY: Library Research Associates, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Bourne, Edward G. "The United States and Mexico, 1847-1848." American Historical Review 5, no. 3 (1900): 491-502. Journal Article Secondary 1900
Schwarz, Frederic D. "The Halls of Montezuma." American Heritage 48 (September 1997): 105-106. Journal Article Secondary 1997
"Old London Folk Tale." Harper's Monthly Magazine 103 (1901): 459-464. Journal Article Secondary 1901
Nevins, Allan. The Emergence of Lincoln. 2 vols. New York: Scribner’s, 1950. Book Secondary 1950
Moore, John Bassett, ed. The Works of James Buchanan, Comprising His Speeches, State Papers, and Private Correspondence. 12 vols. Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1908-1911. Book Primary 1908
Holliday, J. S., and William Swain. The World Rushed In: The California Gold Rush Experience. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Loguen, Jermain Wesley. The Rev. J. W. Loguen, as A Slave and as A Freeman. Syracuse: J.G.K. Truair & Co., 1859. Book Primary 1859
Stuart, Jeb and Adele H. Mitchell. The Letters of Major General James E. B. Stuart. Alexandria, VA: Stuart-Mosby Historical Society, 1990. Book Primary 1990
Eckert, Ralph L. John Brown Gordon: Soldier, Southerner, American. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Hendrickson, James E. Joe Lane of Oregon: Machine Politics and the Sectional Crisis, 1849-1861. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967. Book Secondary 1967
Tindall, George Brown. "The Campaign for the Disfranchisement of the Negroes in South Carolina." Journal of Southern History 15 (1949): 212-234 Journal Article Secondary 1949
Suarez, Ana R. " ‘The Precious, the Priceless Right of Way Across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec’ (1846-1849)." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (2001): 153-160. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Turner, J. Milton and Irving Dilliard. "Dred Scott Eulogized by James Milton Turner: A Historical Observance of the Turner Centenary: 1840-1940." Journal of Negro History 26 (1941): 1-11. Journal Article Secondary 1941

Klees, Emerson. Underground Railroad Tales: With Routes through the Finger Lakes Region. Rochester, NY: Friends of the Finger Lakes Pub, 1997.

Book Secondary 1997
Boutwell, Gordon P. "USS Mississippi of 1841." Seaways 2, no. 4 (1991): 44-49. Journal Article Secondary 1991
Sears, Louis Martin. "Nicholas P. Trist, A Diplomat with Ideals." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 11 (June 1924): 85-98. Journal Article Secondary 1924
Easton, Loyd David. "Hegelianism in Nineteenth-Century Ohio." Journal of the History of Ideas 23 (1962): 355-378. Journal Article Secondary 1962
Sloan, Irving J, ed. James Buchanan, 1791-1868; Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical Aids. Presidential Chronology Series. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1968. Book Primary 1968
Johnson, Walter. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Holliday,  J. S. Rush for Riches: Gold Fever and The Making of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Moore, James Tice. “Men in Crisis: Virginia's Civil War Governors.” Virginia Cavalcade 35, no. 4 (1986): 148-161. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Anderson, William. “The Resignation of John B. Gordon from the United States Senate in 1880.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 52 (December 1968): 438-442. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Kelly, Margaret Jean. The Career of Joseph Lane. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1942. Book Secondary 1942
Mabry, William Alexander. "Ben Tillman Disfranchised the Negro." South Atlantic Quarterly 37 (1938): 170-183. Journal Article Secondary 1938
Finkelman, Paul. "'Hooted Down the Page of History': Reconsidering the Greatness of Chief Justice Taney." Journal of Supreme Court History (1994): 83-102. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Sumler-Lewis, Janice. "The Forten-Purvis Women of Philadelphia and the American Anti-Slavery Crusade." Journal of Negro History 66, no. 4 (Winter 1981): 281-288. Journal Article Secondary 1981
VanderVelde, Lea, and Sandhya Subramanian. "Mrs. Dred Scott." Yale Law Journal 106, no. 4 (January 1997): 1033-1120. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Lansana, Quraysh Ali. They Shall Run: Harriet Tubman Poems. Chicago: Third World Press, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Boyett, Gene W. "Money and Maritime Activities in New Orleans During the Mexican War." Louisiana History 17, no. 4 (1976): 413-429. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Seematter, Mary E. "Merchants in the Middle: The Glasgow Brothers and the Mexican War." Gateway Heritage 9, no. 2 (1988): 34-43. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Emerson, Edward D. Moncure D. Conway. Boston: 1908. Book Secondary 1908
Beers, Paul B. "Andrew Gregg Curtin." Civil War Times Illustrated 6, no. 2 (1967): 12-20. Journal Article Secondary 1967
Gates, Paul Wallace. The Illinois Central Railroad and Its Colonization Work. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1934. Book Secondary 1934
Tadman, Michael. Speculators and Slaves: Masters, Traders, and Slaves in the Old South. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Hurst, John Fletcher. Indika: The Country and the People of India and Ceylon. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891. Book Primary 1891
Clark, E. Culpepper. “Pitchfork Ben Tillman and the Emergence of Southern Demagoguery.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 69 (November 1983): 423-433. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Watson, Ritchie Devon. "'The Difference of Race': Antebellum Race Mythology and the Development of Southern Nationalism." Southern Literary Journal 35, no. 1 (2003): 1-13. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Larson, Kate Clifford. Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero. New York: Ballantine, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Gallaher, Helen. Moncure Daniel Conway: Author and Preacher, 1832-1907: A Bibliography. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1938. Book Secondary 1938
Nichols, Roy F. The Disruption of American Democracy. New York: Collier, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Cahalan, Sally Smith. James Buchanan and His Family at Wheatland. Lancaster, PA: James Buchanan Foundation, 1988. Book Secondary 1988
Albright, Rebecca G. "The Civil War Career of Andrew Gregg Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania."  Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 64 (1964): 323-341. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Corliss, Carlton J. Main Line of Mid-America: The Story of the Illinois Central. New York: Creative Age Press, 1950. Book Secondary 1950
Dew, Charles B. Bond of Iron: Master and Slave at Buffalo Forge. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Hurst, John Fletcher. Life and Literature in the Fatherland. New York: Nelson & Phillips, 1875. Book Primary 1875
Novick, Sheldon M. Honorable Justice: The Life of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Lowry, Beverly. Harriet Tubman: Imagining a Life: A Biography. New York: Doubleday, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Brack, Gene M. "Mexican Opinion, American Racism, and the War of 1846." Western Historical Quarterly 1, no. 2 (1970): 161-174. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Shaara, Jeff. Gone for Soldiers. New York: Ballantine Books, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Mansford, Wallis. Dr. Moncure D. Conway. Westminster, 1937. Book Secondary 1937
Carlson, Robert E. “James Buchanan and Public Office: An Appraisal.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 81, no. 3 (July 1957): 255-279. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Albright, Rebecca G. "The Civil War Career of Andrew Gregg Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 48 (1965): 151-173. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Stillson, Richard T. Spreading the Word: A History of Information in the California Gold Rush. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Ellison, William Henry. A Self-Governing Dominion: California, 1849-1860. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1950. Book Secondary 1950
Hurst, John Fletcher. Short History of the Christian Church. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893. Book Secondary 1893
Kiper, Richard L. Major General John Alexander McClernand: Politician in Uniform. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Crenshaw, Ollinger. "The Speakership Contest of 1859-1860: John Sherman's Election a Cause of Disruption?" Mississippi Valley Historical Review 29, no. 3 (December 1942): 323-338. Journal Article Secondary 1942
Baker, Liva. The Justice from Beacon Hill: The Life and Times of Oliver Wendell Holmes. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. Book Secondary 1991