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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Finkelman, Paul. "Prigg V. Pennsylvania and Northern State Courts: Anti-Slavery use of a Pro-Slavery Decision." Civil War History 35 (1979): 5-35. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Sutherland, Keith A. "The Senate Investigates Harpers Ferry." Prologue 8, no. 4 (1976): 193-207. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Blight, David W. "Lincoln on the Moral Bankruptcy of Slavery: Inside the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858." Magazine of History 21, no. 4 (October 2007): 56. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Ludwig, Charles. Levi Coffin and the Underground Railroad. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1975. Book Secondary 1975
Beveridge, John W. "Lincoln's Views on Slavery and Blacks as Expressed in the Debates with Stephen A. Douglas." Lincoln Herald 84, no. 3 (1981): 791-800. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Bratzel, John F. "History, Culture, and the Mexican-American War: Robert Lewis Taylor's Two Roads to Guadalupe." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (2001): 51-59. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Shattan, Joseph. "One-Term Wonder." The American Spectator 29 (October 1996): 32-35. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Marraro, Howard Rosario. "Mazzini on American Intervention in European Affairs". Journal of Modern History 21 (1949): 109-114. Journal Article Secondary 1949
Cole, Allen F. “Asserting His Authority: James Buchanan’s Failed Vindication.” Pennsylvania History 70, no. 1 (2003): 81-97. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Cooper, Thomas. Lectures on the Elements of Political Economy. Columbia, SC: D. E. Sweeny, 1826. Book Primary 1826
Cole, Donald B. Jacksonian Democracy in New Hampshire, 1800-1851. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970. Book Secondary 1970
Hicken, Victor. “John A. McClernand and the House Speakership Struggle of 1859.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 53 (Summer 1960): 163-178. Journal Article Secondary 1960
Scroggs, William Oscar. Filibusters and Financiers: The Story of William Walker and His Associates. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1916. Book Secondary 1916
Fehrenbacher, Don E."Lincoln, Douglas, and the ‘Freeport Question’." American Historical Review 66, no. 3 (April 1961): 599-617. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Harrison, Maureen, and Steven Gilbert. Landmark American Speeches. Volume II: The 19th Century. Carlsbad, CA: Excellent Books, 2001. Book Primary 2001
Brent, Robert A. "Mississippi and the Mexican War." Journal of Mississippi History 31, no. 3 (1969): 202-214. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Simmons, Edwin H. "The Secret Mission of Archibald Gillespie." Marine Corps Gazette 52, no. 11 (1968): 60-67. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Robertson, J. M. The Life Pilgrimage of Moncure Daniel Conway: Delivered at South Place Institute on March 27, 1914. London: Watts, 1914. Book Secondary 1914
Collins, Bruce W. "The Democrats' Electoral Fortunes During the Lecompton Crisis." Civil War History 24, no. 4 (1978): 314-331. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Genovese, Eugene D. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
King, Horatio Collins. The Army of the Potomac Sketch: The Phantom Column. New York, 1898. Book Secondary 1898
Cooper, Thomas. Letters on the Slave Trade: First Published in Wheeler's Manchester Chronicle; and Since Re-Printed with Additions and Alterations. Manchester, England: C. Wheeler, 1787. Book Primary 1787
Todd, Lewis Paul and Merle Curti. Triumph of the American Nation. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Fehrenbacher, Don E. "The Origins and Purpose of Lincoln's ‘House-Divided’ Speech." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 46, no. 4 (March 1960): 615-643. Journal Article Secondary 1960
McGowan, James A. Station Master on the Underground Railroad: The Life and Letters of Thomas Garrett. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2005. Book Secondary 2005
January, Brendan. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Cornerstones of Freedom. New York: Children's Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Brock, W. R. "War in the West." The Times Literary Supplement (July 1976): 916. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Singletary, Otis A. The Mexican War. The Chicago History of American Civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960. Book Secondary 1960
Smith, W. S. "Moncure Daniel Conway at South Place Chapel." The Christian Century 80 (1963): 468. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Curtis, George Ticknor. The Life of James Buchanan, Fifteenth President of the United States. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1883. Book Secondary 1883
Hadden, Sally E. Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Cooper, Thomas. A Manual of Political Economy. Washington, DC: D. Green, 1834. Book Primary 1834
Caldwell, Willie Walker. Stonewell Jim: A Biography of General James A. Walker, C.S.A.. Elliston, VA: Northcross House, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Walker, William. The War in Nicaragua. Mobile: S. H. Goetzel & Co., 1860. Book Primary 1860
Anspach, F. R. The Sons of the Sires; A History of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny of the American Party, and its Probable Influence on the Next Presidential Election. To Which is Added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry A. Wise, Against the Know-Nothings. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1855.
Book Primary 1855
Mitchell, W. M. The Under-Ground Railroad. Westport, CT: Negro Universities Press, 1970. Book Secondary 1970
Lincoln, Abraham, and Stephen Arnold Douglas. Political Debates between Hon. Abraham Lincoln and Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, in the Celebrated Campaign of 1858, in Illinois : Including the Preceding Speeches of each, at Chicago, Springfield, etc. : Also, the Two Great Speeches of Mr. Lincoln in Ohio, in 1859, as Carefully Prepared by the Reporters of each Party, and Published at the Times of their Delivery. 3rd ed. Columbus, OH: Follett, Foster and Co., 1860. Book Primary 1860
Smith, Carmen. "The Lost Well of the Mormon Battalion Rediscovered." Utah Historical Quarterly 57, no. 3 (1989): 277-286. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Smith, Warren Sylvester. "'The Imperceptible Arrows of Quakerism:' Moncure Conway at Sandy Spring." Quaker History 52 (1963): 19-26. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Huston, James. The Panic of 1857 and the Coming of the Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Davis, Robert Ralph, Jr., ed. "Buchanian Espionage: A Report on Illegal Slave Trading in the South in 1859." Journal of Southern History 37, no. 2 (May 1971): 271-278. Journal Article Secondary 1971
King, Horatio Collins. History of Dickinson College. New York: American University Magazine Publishing Co., 1897. Book Secondary 1897
Cooper, Thomas. The Scripture Doctrine of Materialism. Philadelphia: 1823. Book Primary 1823
Goldfield, David R. “Marketing a Candidate: Henry A. Wise and the Art of Mass Politics.” Virginia Cavalcade 26 (Summer 1976): 30-37. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Taylor, Susie King. Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops Late 1st S. C. Volunteers. Boston, 1902. Book Primary 1902
Fleischner, Jennifer. The Dred Scott Case: Testing the Right to Live Free. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Heckman, Richard Allen. Lincoln vs. Douglas: The Great Debates Campaign. Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1967. Book Secondary 1967
Monfredo, Miriam Grace. North Star Conspiracy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Pierce, Alan. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Edina, MN: ABDO Publishers, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Smith, Craig R. "The Anti-War Rhetoric of Daniel Webster." Quarterly Journal of Speech 85, no. 1 (1999): 1-16. Journal Article Secondary 1999
Uchimura, Kanzo. A Japanese Christian on Dr. Conway. London: South Place Ethical Society, 1908.   Book Primary 1908
Summers, Mark W. The Plundering Generation: Corruption and Crisis of the Union, 1849-1861. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Keckley, Elizabeth Hobbs. Behind the Scenes; or, Thirty Years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House. New York: G. W. Carleton & Co., 1868. Book Primary 1868
Durbin, John P. Observations in Europe, Principally in France and Great Britain. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1844. Book Primary 1844
Rycenga, Jennifer. "A Greater Awakening: Women's Intellect as a Factor in Early Abolitionist Movements, 1824-1834." Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 21, no. 2 (2005): 31-59. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Majewski, John D. Modernizing a Slave Economy: The Economic Vision of the Confederate Nation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. Book Secondary 2009
Morgans, James Patrick. John Todd and the Underground Railroad: Biography of an Iowa Abolitionist. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Anastaplo, George.  Abraham Lincoln: A Constitutional Biography. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Brown, Kent Masterson and Edgar G. Archer. "The Military Career of General Ambrose Powell Hill, Part I: ‘Order A. P. Hill to Prepare for Action . . .’." Lincoln Herald 81, no. 2 (1979): 78-87. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Smith, George Winston, and Charles B. Judah. Chronicles of the Gringos: The U.S. Army in the Mexican War, 1846-1848; Accounts of Eyewitnesses & Combatants. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press: 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Potter, David Morris. The Impending Crisis, 1848-1861. Edited by Don E. Fehrenbacher. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1976. Book Secondary 1976
Waldron, Randall H. "Walt Whitman's British Connection: Letters of William Douglas O'Connor." Bibliographical Society of America Papers 75 (1981): 271-300. Journal Article Primary 1981
Stampp, Kenneth M. And the War Came: The North and the Secession Crisis, 1860-1861. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950. Book Secondary 1950
Sorisio, Carolyn. "Unmasking The Genteel Performer: Elizabeth Keckley's 'Behind The Scenes' and the Politics of Public Wrath." African American Review 34, no. 1 (2000): 19-38. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Durbin, John P. Observations in the East, Chiefly in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Asia Minor. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1845. Book Primary 1845
Raper, Horace W. "William W. Holden and the Peace Movement in North Carolina." North Carolina Historical Review 31, no. 4 (1954): 493-516. Journal Article Secondary 1954
Geer, Emily Apt. First Lady: The Life of Lucy Webb Hayes. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1984. Book Secondary 1984
Waugh, John C. Sam Bell Maxey and the Confederate Indians. Ft. Worth: Ryan Place Publishers, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Sauter-Bailliet, Theresia. " 'Remember the Ladies': Emancipation Efforts of American Women from Independence to Seneca Falls." European Contributions to American Studies 14 (1988): 271-279. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Pearson, Henry Greenleaf. An American Railroad Builder, John Murray Forbes. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1911. Book Secondary 1911
Pollard, Edward A. The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates. New York: E. B. Treat & Co., 1867.
Book Primary 1867
Finkelman, Paul. “Lincoln and the Preconditions for Emancipation: The Moral Grandeur of a Bill of Lading.” In Lincoln’s Proclamation: Race, Place, and the Paradoxes of Emancipation, edited by William A. Blair and Karen Fisher Younger, 13-44. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. Book Chapter Secondary Secondary 2009
Fleming, Thomas J. "The Trial of John Brown." American Heritage 18, no. 5 (1967): 28-33, 92-100. Journal Article Secondary 1967
Swisher, Carl B. "Dred Scott One Hundred Years After." Journal of Politics 19, no. 2 (1957): 167-183. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Johannsen, Robert W. "Stephen A. Douglas and the South." Journal of Southern History 33, no. 1 (February 1967): 26-50. Journal Article Secondary 1967
Brown, R. B. "John Potts of Chihuahua." Password 43, no. 1 (1998): 3-13. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Smith, Justin H. "La Republica De Rio Grande." American Historical Review 25, no. 4 (1920): 660-675. Journal Article Secondary 1920
Sewell, Richard H. A House Divided: Sectionalism and Civil War, 1848-1865. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988. Book Secondary 1988
Morris, Roy. The Long Pursuit: Abraham Lincoln's Thirty-Year Struggle with Stephen Douglas for the Heart and Soul of America. New York: Smithsonian Books, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Walker, Edwin C. A Sketch and an Appreciation of Moncure Daniel Conway, Freethinker and Humanitarian: An Address at the Paine-Conway Memorial Meeting of the Manhattan Liberal Club, January 31, 1908. New York: E.C. Walker, 1908. Book Primary 1908
Birkner, Michael J., ed. James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Rossiter, Clinton. The Supreme Court and the Commander in Chief. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976. Book Secondary 1976
Donovan, Therese A. "Difficulties of a Diplomat: George Mifflin Dallas in London." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 92, no. 4 (1968): 421-440. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Woodworth, Steven E. Davis and Lee at War. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Morrison, Michael A. Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Andrews, William L. "Reunion in the Postbellum Slave Narrative: Frederick Douglass and Elizabeth Keckley." Black American Literature Forum 23, no. 1 (1989): 5-16. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Baker, James Loring. Slavery. Philadelphia: John A. Norton, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Trelease, Allen W. "Review Essay: On Making Sense of William W. Holden." North Carolina Historical Review 65, no. 3 (1988): 353-358. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Saracino, Mary. "Valentino, Puglia, and Seneca Falls." Italian Americana 18, no. 2 (2000): 220-226. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Finkelman, Paul. “The Civil War, Emancipation, and the Thirteenth Amendment: Understanding Who Freed the Slaves.” In The Promises of Liberty: The History and Contemporary Relevance of the Thirteenth Amendment, edited by Alexander Tsesis, 36 – 57. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. Book Chapter Secondary Secondary 2010
Flexner, Eleanor. Century of Struggle: The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975. Book Secondary 1975
Swisher, Carl Brent. Roger B. Taney. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1935. Book Secondary 1935
Lincoln, Abraham, and Stephen Arnold Douglas. Created Equal? The Complete Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. Edited by Paul M. Angle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958. Book Primary 1958
Brown, Russell K. "Levi Twiggs." Richmond County History 18, no. 1 (1986): 4-7. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Smith, Justin H. "American Rule in Mexico." American Historical Review 23, no. 2 (1918): 287-302. Journal Article Secondary 1918
Winslow, Donald F. "Francis W. Newman's Assessment of John Sterling: Two Letters." English Language Notes 11 (1974): 278-283. Journal Article Primary 1974
Katz, Jonathan. Resistance at Christiana: The Fugitive Slave Rebellion, Christiana Pennsylvania, September 11, 1851: A Documentary Account. New York: Cromwell, 1974. Book Tertiary 1974
Emsley, Bert. "James Buchanan and the Eighteenth Century Regulation of English Usage." PMLA 48 (1933): 1154-1166. Journal Article Secondary 1933
Levine, Robert S. "Uncle Tom's Cabin in Frederick Douglass' Paper: An Analysis of Reception." American Literature 64, no. 1 (1992): 71-93. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Brownlow, William G. Brownlow, the Patriot and Martyr, Showing His Faith, and Works, as Reported by Himself. Philadelphia: R. Weir, 1862. Book Primary 1862