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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Rinaldi, Ann. Mine Eyes Have Seen. New York: Scholastic, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Meerse, David E. "Origins of the Buchanan-Douglas Feud Reconsidered." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 67, no. 2 (1974): 154-174. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Cashin, Joan E. First Lady of the Confederacy: Varina Davis's Civil War. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Holloway, Laura C. Ladies of the White House. Philadelphia: Bradley & Company, 1881. Book Secondary 1881
Schurz, Carl. Abraham Lincoln: An Essay. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1897. Book Primary 1897
Child, Lydia Maria Francis. The Freedmen's Book. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1865. Book Primary 1865
Simpson, Brooks D. The Reconstruction Presidents. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Howard, Warren S. American Slavers and the Federal Law, 1837-1862. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Thompson, Priscilla. "Harriet Tubman, Thomas Garrett, and the Underground Railroad." Delaware History 22, no. 1 (1986): 1-21. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Cowan, Richard O. "The Mormon Battalion and the Gadsden Purchase." BYU Studies 1997 37, no. 4 (1998): 48-64. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Thompson, Jerry D. "Henry Hopkins Sibley and the Mexican War." Texana 11, no. 4 (1973): 285-308. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Leasher, Evelyn. "Lois Bryan Adams goes to Washington." Michigan History 79, no. 2 (1995): 38-41. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Meerse, David Edward. “Buchanan’s Patronage Policy: An Attempt to Achieve Political Strength.” Pennsylvania History 40 (January 1973): 37-57. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Schurz, Carl. Life of Henry Clay. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1887. Book Secondary 1887
Child, Lydia Maria Francis. Aspirations of the World: A Chain of Opals. Boston: Roberts Bros., 1878. Book Secondary 1878
Diouf, Sylviane A. Dreams of Africa in Alabama: The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Story of the last Africans brought to America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Gara, Larry. "The Underground Railroad: Legend and Reality." Timeline 5, no. 4 (1988): 18-31. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Smallwood, Thomas. A Narrative of Thomas Smallwood (Coloured Man). Edited, annotated, and with an introduction by Richard Almonte. Toronto: Mercury Press, 2000. Book Primary 2000
Cramer, Marc. "The Fighting Irish of Mexico." Americas 48 (1996): 20-27. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Thonhoff, Robert H. "Taylor's Trail in Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70, no. 1 (1966): 7-22. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Fried, Albert. John Brown's Journey : Notes and Reflections on His America and Mine. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1978. Book Secondary 1978
Sheehan-Dean, Aaron. Why Confederates Fought: Family and Nation in Civil War Virginia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Meerse, David Edward. “Buchanan, Corruption, and the Election of 1860.” Civil War History 12 (June 1966): 116-131. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Child, Lydia Maria Francis. The Rebels; or, Boston before the Revolution. Boston: Cummings, Hilliard, and Co., 1825. Book Primary 1825
Trefousse, Hans L. Andrew Johnson: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Isely, Jeter A. Horace Greeley and the Republican Party, 1853-61: A Study of the New York Tribune. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1947. Book Secondary 1947
Forbes, Robert Pierce. The Missouri Compromise and its Aftermath: Slavery & the Meaning of America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Thomas, Owen. “Father and Daughter: Edward and Emily Dickinson.” American Literature 40 (January 1969): 510-523. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Burgan, Michael. Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Social Reformer. Signature Lives. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Gara, Larry.  "The Myth of the Underground Railroad." American History Illustrated 12, no. 9 (1978): 34-41. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Crawford, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Mexican-American War. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1999. Book Tertiary 1999
Timmons, W. H. "The El Paso Area in the Mexican Period, 1821-1848." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 84, no. 1 (1980): 1-28. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Adams, Samuel Hopkins. "Slave in the Family." The New Yorker 23 (December 1947): 32-36. Journal Article Secondary 1947
Rees, Douglas. Lightning Time: A Novel. New York: DK Ink, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Wilson, Douglas L. "Abraham Lincoln and 'That Fatal First of January.'" Civil War History 38, no. 2 (1992): 101-130. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Meerse, David Edward. James Buchanan, the Patronage, and the Northern Democratic Party, 1857-1858. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Ecelbarger, Gary. “Before Cooper Union: Abraham Lincoln’s 1859 Cincinnati Speech and Its Impact on His Nomination.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 30, no. 1 (Winter 2009): 1-17. Journal Article Secondary 2009
Gara, Larry. "Slavery and the Slave Power: A Crucial Distinction." Civil War History 15, no. 1 (1969): 5-18. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Leach, Richard H. "Benjamin Robbins Curtis: Judicial Misfit." New England Quarterly 25, no. 4 (1952): 507-523. Journal Article Secondary 1952
Cresap, Bernarr. "Early California as Described by Edward O. C. Ord." Pacific Historical Review 21 (November 1952): 329-340. Journal Article Secondary 1952
Quarles, Benjamin.  Blacks on John Brown. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972. Book Secondary 1972
Metcalf, Brandon J. "The Nauvoo Legion and the Prevention of the Utah War." Utah Historical Quarterly 72, no. 4 (2004): 300-321. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Child, Lydia Maria Francis and Carolyn L. Karcher. An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996. Book Primary 1996
Vollaro, Daniel R. “Lincoln, Stowe, and the “Little Woman/Great War” Story: The Making, and Breaking, of a Great American Anecdote.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 30, no. 1 (Winter 2009): 18-34. Journal Article Secondary 2009
Gara, Larry.  "The Real Story of the Underground Railroad." Civil War Times 3, no. 5 (1964): 40-45. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Leak, Roscoe R. "The Underground Railroad in Hendricks County." Indiana Magazine of History (1940): 17-22. Journal Article Secondary 1940
Preston, E. Delorus, Jr. "Genesis of the Underground Railroad." Journal of Negro History 18, no. 2 (April 1933): 144-170. Journal Article Secondary 1933
Crocket, George F. and Walter T. Durham. "A Glimpse of the Tennessee Home Front During the Mexican War." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 53, no. 2 (1994): 130-139. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Traas, Adrian George. From the Golden Gate to Mexico City: The U.S. Army Topographical Engineers in the Mexican War, 1846-1848. Washington, DC: Office of History, Corps of Engineers and Center of Military History, Government Printing Office, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Trodd, Zoe. "Writ in Blood: John Brown's Charter of Humanity, the Tribunal of History, and the Thick Line of American Protest." Journal for the Study of Radicalism 1, no. 1 (2007): 1-29. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Nevins, Allan. “The Needless Conflict: If Buchanan Had Met the Kansas Problem Firmly He Might Have Avoided Civil War.” American Heritage 7, no. 5 (August 1955): 4-9, 88-90. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Baker, Jean H. James Buchanan. The American Presidents Series, ed. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. New York: Times Books, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Child, Lydia Maria Francis, Angelina Emily Grimké, and Grace Douglas. An Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States. 2nd ed. Boston: I. Knapp, 1838. Book Primary 1838
Geiger, Mark W. “Indebtedness and the Origins of Guerrilla Violence in Civil War Missouri.” Journal of Southern History 75, no. 1 (February 2009): 49-82. Journal Article Secondary 2009
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad in Illinois." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56, no. 3 (1963): 508-528. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Preston, E. Delorus, Jr. "Underground Railroad in Northwest Ohio." Journal of Negro History 17, no. 4 (October 1932): 409-436. Journal Article Secondary 1932
Tucker, Phillip Thomas. "Above and Beyond . . . African-American Missourians of Colonel Alexander Doniphan's Expedition." Password 35, no. 3 (1990): 133-137. Journal Article Secondary 1990
Olds, Bruce. Raising Holy Hell: A Novel. New York: H. Holt, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Osborne, William S. Lydia Maria Child. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1980. Book Secondary 1980
Kenworthy, Leonard S. The Tall Sycamore of the Wabash: Daniel Wolsey Voorhees. Boston: Bruce Humphries, 1936. Book Secondary 1936
O'Neil, Patrick W. “Bosses and Broomsticks: Ritual and Authority in Antebellum Slave Weddings.” Journal of Southern History 75, no. 1 (February 2009): 29-48. Journal Article Secondary 2009
Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1961. Book Secondary 1961
Preston, Emmett D. "The Fugitive Slave Acts in Ohio." Journal of Negro History 28, no. 4 (1943): 422-477. Journal Article Secondary 1943
Tucker, Phillip Thomas. "The Missourians and the Battle of Brazito, Christmas Day, 1846." Password 34, no. 4 (1989): 159-169. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Patterson, Gerard. "'To Meet a Rebellion': The Mormon Confrontation." American History Illustrated 7, no. 8 (1972): 10-23. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Child, Lydia Maria Francis, Milton Meltzer, Patricia G. Holland, and Francine Krasno. Lydia Maria Child, Selected Papers, 1817-1880. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Brandt, Nat. The Congressman Who Got Away with Murder. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Joseph Hetherington McDaniels. Letters and Memorials of Wendell Phillips Garrison. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1909. Book Primary 1909
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad: Legend or Reality?" Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 105, no. 3 (1961): 334-339. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Tutorow, Norman E. The Mexican-American War: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Pendleton, Lawson Alan. James Buchanan's Attitude Toward Slavery. Chapel Hill, NC: L.A. Pendleton, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Wendt, Lloyd. Chicago Tribune: The Rise of a Great Newspaper. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Keneally, Thomas. American Scoundrel: The Life of the Notorious Civil War General Dan Sickles. New York: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Matzke, Jason P. "The John Brown Way: Frederick Douglass and Henry David Thoreau on the Use of Violence." Massachusetts Review 46, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 62-75. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Gara, Larry.  "The Underground Railroad: A Re-Evaluation." Ohio Historical Quarterly 69, no. 3 (1960): 217-230. Journal Article Secondary 1960
Poll, Richard D. "Thomas L. Kane and the Utah War." Utah Historical Quarterly 61, no. 2 (1993): 112-135. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Alexander, J. Trent, Sean Condon, Jason Carl Digman, and J. David Hacker. "A Public Use Microdata Sample of the 1860 Census of Slave Inhabitants." Historical Methods 36, no. 1 (2003): 21-26. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Bower, Stephen E. “The Theology of the Battlefield: William Tecumseh Sherman and the U.S. Civil War.” Journal of Military History 64, no. 4(2000): 1005-1034. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Pinchon, Edgcumb. Dan Sickles, Hero of Gettysburg and “Yankee King of Spain.” Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran and Company, Inc., 1945. Book Secondary 1945
"The Five Brave Negroes with John Brown at Harpers Ferry." Negro History Bulletin 27, no. 7 (1964): 164-169. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Tyler, Daniel. "Governor Armijo's Moment of Truth." Journal of the West 11, no. 2 (1972): 307-316. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Chism, Kahlil. "Harriet Tubman: Spy, Veteran, and Widow." Magazine of History 19 (2005): 47-51. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Rosenberg, Daniel. Mary Brown: From Harpers Ferry to California. New York: American Institute for Marxist Studies, 1975. Book Secondary 1975
Poll, Richard D., and William P. MacKinnon. "Causes of the Utah War Reconsidered." Journal of Mormon History 20, no. 2 (1994): 16-44. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Wooster, Ralph A. "Notes on the Georgia Legislature of 1860." Georgia Historical Quarterly 45, no. 2 (1961): 22-36. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Cooper, William J., Jr. The Conservative Regime: South Carolina. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Trefousse, Hans L. "Thaddeus Stevens and the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 101, no. 2 (1999): 50-63. Journal Article Secondary 1999
Holzman, Robert S. Adapt or Perish: The Life of General Roger A. Pryor, C.S.A. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1976. Book Secondary 1976
Fontaine, Felix G. Trial of the Hon. Daniel E. Sickles for the Shooting of Philip Barton Key, Esq., U.S. District Attorney of Washington, D.C., February 27, 1859. New York: R.M. De Witt, 1859. Book Primary 1859
Garraty, John Arthur. Quarrels That Have Shaped the Constitution. New York: Harper & Row, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Stadelhofen, Marcie Miller. The Freedom Side. Syracuse, NY: New Readers Press, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Faulk, Odie B. "The Mexican War: A Seminar Approach." Journal of the West 11, no. 2 (1972): 209-212. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Tyler, Ronnie. "The Rangers at Zacualtipan." Texana 4, no. 4 (1966): 341-350. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Clinton, Catherine. "On the Road to Harriet Tubman." American Heritage 55 (2004): 44-49. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Fox, Theron. After Harper's Ferry: John Brown's Widow - Her Family and the Saratoga Years. Saratoga, CA: Saratoga Historical Foundation, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Ponce, Pearl T. "Pledges and Principles: Buchanan, Walker, and Kansas in 1857." Kansas History 27, no. 1-2 (2004): 86-99. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Sanborn, Melinde Lutz. "The 1860 Census for Ward One, Boston, Massachusetts: Some Special Features and Flaws." New England Historical and Genealogical Register 142 (1988): 25-28. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Loose, John Ward Willson. "Protecting the Image of Thaddeus Stevens." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 106, no. 2 (2004): 64-67. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Holzer, Harold. Lincoln President-Elect: Abraham Lincoln and the Great Secession Winter 1860-1861. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
King, Alvy. Louis T. Wigfall: Southern Fire-Eater. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1970. Book Secondary 1970