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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Shade, William G. "Know Nothing Populism and the Origins of the GOP." Pennsylvania History 71, no. 2 (2004): 227-231. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Lu, Marlene K., Bettie Davis, and Berky Davis. Walkin' the Wabash: An Exploration into the Underground Railroad in West Central Indiana. Indianapolis: Indiana Dept. of Natural Resources, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Carnahan, Burrus M. Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Gibson, Gail M., and William A. Hunter. James Buchanan. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Weinert, Richard P. "The ‘Hard Fortune’ of Theodore O'Hara." Alabama Historical Quarterly 28, no. 1-2 (1966): 33-43. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Berry, Stephen. House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, A Family Divided by War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Engs, Robert F. and Randall M. Miller. The Birth of the Grand Old Party: The Republicans' First Generation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Pinsker, Matthew. “Senator Abraham Lincoln.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 14, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 1-21. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Weigley, Russell F. Quartermaster General of the Union Army. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959. Book Secondary 1959
Griffith, Nancy Snell. "Buena Vista: The Controversy in Verse." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 60, no. 1 (2001): 75-85. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Wells, Ronald A. "Radical History and the Christian Historian: A Re-Examination of the American Conquest of California." Christian Scholar's Review 4, no. 2 (1974): 95-109. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Stone, Irving. Love is Eternal: A Novel about Mary Todd Lincoln and Abraham Lincoln. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1954. Book Secondary 1954
Engs, Robert F. Freedom's First Generation: Black Hampton, Virginia, 1861-1890. Phildelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Chesnut, Mary Boykin Miller. A Diary from Dixie. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1905. Book Primary 1905
Blaine, James G. Political Discussions, Legislative, Diplomatic, and Popular, 1856-1886. Norwich, CT: Henry Bill Publishing Co., 1887. Book Primary 1887
"Mexico and the United States During the Antebellum Period." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (Fall 2001): 1-169. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Fletcher, George P. Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Weigley, Russell F. “Montgomery Meigs.” Civil War Times 3, no. 7 (1964): 42-48. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Grimsley, Mark. " ‘Stonewall’ Jackson: The Life of a Confederate Hero." Civil War Times Illustrated 27, no. 2 (1988): 12-17. Journal Article Secondary 1988
White, Mark J. "The Case of the Yucatecan Request: American Foreign Policy at the Close of the Mexican War." Mid-America 72, no. 3 (1990): 169-190. Journal Article Secondary 1990
Sterling, Dorothy. Freedom Train: The Story of Harriet Tubman. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1954. Book Secondary 1954
Baker, Jean H. Mary Todd Lincoln: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Klein, Maury. Days of Defiance: Sumter, Secession, and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Hansen, Stephen, and Paul Nygard. "Abraham Lincoln and the Know Nothing Question, 1854-1859." Lincoln Herald 94, no. 2 (1992): 61-72. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Trefousse, Hans L. Thaddeus Stevens: Nineteenth-Century Egalitarian. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Leadbetter, Ray. "Reticence in Diaries and 'Mary Chestnut's Civil War.'" Reticence in Diaries and 'Mary Chestnut's Civil War' 27, no. 1 (1995): 19-27. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Tutorow, Norman E. James Gillespie Blaine and the Presidency. New York: Peter Lang Co., 1989. Book Secondary 1989
"Aspectos Da Paz Armada." Revista Brasileira De Politica Internacional [Brazil] 15, no. 59-60 (1972): 35-52. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Wilson, Douglas L. Lincoln before Washington: New Perspectives on the Illinois Years. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
“Meticulous Mr. Meigs.” American History Illustrated 15, no. 7 (1980): 34-37 Journal Article Secondary 1980
Carnegie, Andrew. Triumphant Democracy. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1886. Book Primary 1886
Lumpkin, Katherine DuPre. " ‘The General Plan was Freedom’: A Negro Secret Order on the Underground Railroad." Phylon  28, no. 1 (Spring 1967): 63-77. Journal Article Secondary 1967
Reynolds, David S. "John Brown, the Election of Lincoln, and the Civil War." North & South 9, no. 1 (2006): 78-88. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Grimsley, Mark. "Jackson: The Wrath of God." Civil War Times Illustrated 23, no. 1 (1984): 10-19. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Winders, Richard B. "Puebla's Forgotten Heroes." Military History of the West 24, no. 1 (1994): 1-23. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Randall, Ruth Painter. Mary Lincoln: Biography of a Marriage. Boston: Little, Brown, 1935. Book Secondary 1953
McPherson, James M. This Mighty Scourge: Perspectives on the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Engs, Robert F. Education the Disfranchised and Disinherited: Samuel Chapman Armstrong and Hampton Institute. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Mentzer, Melissa. "Rewriting Herself: Mary Chesnut's Narrative Strategies." Connecticut Review 14, no. 1 (1992): 49-56. Journal Article Secondary 1992
McClure, Alexander Kelly. Lincoln and the Men of War Times. Philadelphia: Times Pub. Co., 1892. Book Secondary 1892
Hartman, Linda. “The Issue of Freedom in Illinois Under Gov. Richard Yates, 1861-1865.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 57 (Autumn 1964): 293-297. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Gillan, W. Rush. James Buchanan. A Paper. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Bar Association, 1905. Book Chapter Secondary 1905
Carnegie, Andrew. The Gospel of Wealth and Other Timely Essays. New York: Century Co., 1901.
Book Primary 1901
Griswold del Castillo, Richard. "The U.S.-Mexican War in San Diego, 1846-1847: Loyalty and Resistance." Journal of San Diego History 49, no. 1 (2003): 21-41. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Winders, Richard Bruce. Mr. Polk's Army: The American Military Experience in the Mexican War. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
McPherson, James M. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Engs, Robert F. Their Patriotic Duty: The Civil War Letters of the Evans Family of Brown County, Ohio. New York: Fordham University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Cantrell, Gregg. "Sam Houston and the Know-Nothings: A Reappraisal." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 96, no. 3 (1993): 326-343. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Faust, Drew Gilpin. "In Search of the Real Mary Chestnut." Reviews in American History 10, no. 1 (1982): 54-59. Journal Article Secondary 1982
McNulty, John W. "Sidney Breese: His Early Career in Law and Politics in Illinois." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 61 (Summer 1968): 164-181. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Northrup, Jack. “Gov. Richard Yates and Pres. Lincoln.” Lincoln Herald 70 (Winter 1968): 193-206. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Shepherd, Henry Elliot. Narrative of Prison Life at Baltimore and Johnson's Island, Ohio. Baltimore: Commercial Ptg. & Sta. Co., 1917.
Book Primary 1917
Luthin, Reinhard H. The First Lincoln Campaign. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1944. Book Secondary 1944
Griswold del Castillo, Richard. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo : A Legacy of Conflict. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Winschel, Terrence J. "Earl Van Dorn: From West Point to Mexico." Journal of Mississippi History 62, no. 3 (2000): 179-197. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Weber, Jennifer L. Copperheads: The Rise and Fall of Lincoln's Opponents in the North. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
DeCredico, Mary A. Mary Boykin Chesnut: A Confederate Woman's Life. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
"Rendering the Alamo." American Heritage 30, no. 6 (1979): 50-53. Journal Article Secondary 1979
McNulty, John W. “Sidney Breese, the Illinois Circuit Judge, 1835-1841.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 62 (Summer 1969): 170-186. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  A Brighter Coming Day: A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader.  Edited by Frances Smith Foster.  New York:  Feminist Press, 1990.
Book Primary 1990
Shepherd, Henry Elliot. Life of Robert Edward Lee. New York: Neale Publishing Co, 1906. Book Primary 1906
Haas, Lisbeth. "War in California, 1846-1848." California History 76, no. 2-3 (1997): 331-355. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Yates, John D. "Insurgents on the Baja Peninsula: Henry Halleck's Journal of the War in Lower California, 1847-1848." California Historical Quarterly 54, no. 3 (1975): 221-244. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Thompson, Audrey. "Harriet Tubman in Pictures: Cultural Consciousness and the Art of Picture Books." The Lion and the Unicorn 25 (2001): 81-114. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Van der Heuvel, Gerry. Crowns of Thorns and Glory: Mary Todd Lincoln and Varina Howell Davis, the Two First Ladies of the Civil War. New York: Dutton, 1988. Book Secondary 1988
Jellison, Charles A. Fessenden of Maine: Civil War Senator. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Muhlenfeld, Elisabeth. Mary Boykin Chesnut: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Neilson, James. Shelby M. Cullom: Prairie State Republican. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Horner, Harlan Hoyt. “Lincoln Rebukes A Senator.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 44 (Summer 1951): 103-119. Journal Article Secondary 1951
Boyd, Melba Joyce.  Discarded Legacy: Politics and Poetics in the Life of Frances E. W. Harper, 1825-1911.  Detroit:  Wayne State University Press. 1994.
Book Secondary 1994
Haecker, Charles M. "Brazito Battlefield: Once Lost, Now found." New Mexico Historical Review 72, no. 3 (1997): 229-238. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Yurtinus, John F. "Images of Early California: Mormon Battalion Soldiers' Reflections during the War with Mexico." Southern California Quarterly 63, no. 1 (1981): 23-43. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Oakes, James. The Radical and The Republican: Fredrick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the Triumph of Antislavery Politics. New York: W W Norton & Company, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Ross, Ishbel. The President's Wife: Mary Todd Lincoln: A Biography. New York: Putnam, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Boritt, Gabor S. The Gettysburg Gospel: The Lincoln Speech that Nobody Knows. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Pitkin, William A. "Shelby M. Cullom: Presidential Prospect." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 49 (Winter 1956): 375-86. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  "The Woman's Christian Temperance Union and the Colored Woman."  African Methodist Episcopal Church Review 4, no. 8 (January 1888).
Journal Article Primary 1888
Maginnes, David R. "The Case of the Court House Rioters in the Rendition of the Fugitive Slave Anthony Burns, 1854." Journal of Negro History 56 (January 1971): 31-42. Journal Article Secondary 1971
Hale, Charles A. Mexican Liberalism in the Age of Mora, 1821-1853. New Haven: Yale U. Press, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Yurtinus, John F. " ‘Here is One Man Who Will Not Go, Dam'Um’: Recruiting the Mormon Battalion in Iowa Territory." Brigham Young University Studies 21, no. 4 (1981): 475-487. Journal Article Secondary 1981
McPherson, James M. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Hambly, Barbara. The Emancipator's Wife: A Novel of Mary Todd Lincoln. New York: Bantam Books, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Boritt, Gabor S. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Cazden, Elizabeth. Antoinette Brown Blackwell: A Biography. Old Westbury, NY: The Feminist Press, 1983. Book Secondary 1983
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  Minnie's Sacrifice, Sowing and Reaping, Trial and Triumph: Three Rediscovered Novels by Frances E.W. Harper. Edited by Francis Smith Foster.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.
Book Primary 1994
Graff, Daniel A. "Forging an American St. Louis: Labor, Race, and Citizenship from the Louisiana Purchase to Dred Scott." PhD diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2004. Thesis Secondary 2004
Hale, Charles A. "War with the United States and the Crisis in Mexican Thought." The Americas 14 (October, 1957): 153-173. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Yurtinus, John F. "The Mormon Volunteers: The Recruitment and Service of a Unique Military Company." Journal of San Diego History 25, no. 3 (1979): 242-261. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Donald, David Herbert. "We Are Lincoln Men:" Abraham Lincoln and His Friends. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Carwardine, Richard J. Lincoln: Profiles in Power. Harlow: Pearson/Longman, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Pollard, Edward Alfred. The Southern Spy: Letters on the Policy and Inauguration of the Lincoln War. Richmond, VA: West & Johnston, 1861. Book Primary 1861
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  The Complete Poems of Frances E.W. Harper.  Edited by Maryemma Graham.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Book Primary 1988
Hamilton, Charles S. "Memoirs of the Mexican War." Wisconsin Magazine of History 14 (September 1930): 63-92. Journal Article Secondary 1930
Yurtinus, John F. "The Battle of the Bulls." Military History of Texas and the Southwest 14, no. 2 (1978): 99-106. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Emerson, Jason. "Mary Todd Lincoln's Lost Letters." Civil War Times 46, no. 8 (2007): 54-60. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Gara, Larry. The Presidency of Franklin Pierce. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Robertson, James I., Jr. Stonewall Jackson: The Man, the Soldier, the Legend. New York: Macmillan Pub., 1997. Book Secondary 1997
Hyatt, Thaddeus. The Prayer of Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan President of the United States, in Behalf of Kansas, Asking for a Postponement of All the Land Sales in that Territory, and for Other Relief; Together with Correspondence and Other Documents Setting Forth Its Deplorable Destitution from the Drought and Famine. Submitted under Oath, October 29, 1860. Washington, DC: H. Polkinhorn, 1860.  Book Primary 1860
Johnson, Sherita L.  " 'In the Sunny South': Reconstructing Frances Harper as Southern."  Southern Quarterly 45, no. 3 (2008): 70-87.
Journal Article Secondary 2008