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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Barney, William L. The Secessionist Impulse: Alabama and Mississippi in 1860. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
Nolan, Alan T. Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Yearly, Clifton K., Jr., ed. “A Buchanan Letter on the ‘Corrupt Bargain’ of 1825.” Maryland Historical Magazine 51 (1956): 247-249. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Brown, William Wells. My Southern Home: or, The South and Its People. Boston: A. G. Brown & Co., 1880. Book Primary 1880
Pindell, Richard. 'He Would Steal?' Civil War Times Illustrated 29, no. 2 (1990): 46-53. Journal Article Secondary 1990
Goffin, Aivin M. "Nationalism and Mexican Interpretations of the War of the North American Invasion, 1846-1848." Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism 19, no. 1-2 (1992): 129-138. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Guterl, Matthew Pratt. American Mediterranean: Southern Slaveholders in the Age of Emancipation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Scripps, John Locke. Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: 1860. Book Primary 1860
Fehrenbacher, Don Edward. The Dred Scott Case, Its Significance in American Law and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978. Book Secondary 1978
Howard, Victor B. "The Doves of 1847: The Religious Response in Ohio to the Mexican War." Old Northwest 5, no. 3 (1979): 237-267. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Chowder, Ken. "The Father of American Terrorism." American Heritage 51, no. 1 (2000): 81-84, 86-88, 90-91. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Ringgold, Faith. Aunt Harriet's Underground Railroad in the Sky. New York: Crown Publishers, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Capers, Gerald Mortimer. Stephen A. Douglas: Defender of the Union. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959. Book Secondary 1959
Barney, William L. The Making of a Confederate: Walter Lenoir's Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Horrocks, Thomas. "The Know-Nothings." American History Illustrated 17, no. 9 (1983): 22-29. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Stenberg, Richard. “Jackson, Buchanan and the Corrupt Bargain Calumny.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 58 (1934): 61-85. Journal Article Secondary 1934
Brown, William Wells. Narrative of William W. Brown, an American Slave. Written by Himself. Boston: Anti-Slavery Office, 1847. Book Primary 1847
Stewart, John D., II. “The Great Winnebago Chieftan: Simon Cameron's Rise to Power, 1860-1867.” Pennsylvania History 39, no. 1 (1972): 20-39. Journal Article Secondary 1972

 Fanning's Illustrated Gazetteer of the United States.... New York: Phelps, Fanning & Co., 1853.

Book Primary 1853
Gonzales-Day, Ken. "The Bone-Grass Boy." Aztlan 30, no. 2 (Fall 2005): 171-172. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth, and Eugene D. Genovese. Slavery in White and Black: Class and Race in the Southern Slaveholders' New World Order. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Dyche, Grace Locke Scripps. “John Lock Scripps, Lincoln’s Campaign Biographer.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 17 (1924): 333-351. Journal Article Secondary 1860
May, Robert E. "Antebellum Americans 'Meet' their Southern Neighbors." Reviews in American History 8, no. 3 (1980): 360-365. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Ehrlich, Walter. They Have No Rights: Dred Scott's Struggle for Freedom. Contributions in Legal Studies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Hubbs, G. Ward. "Letters from John Gorman Barr." Alabama Review 36, no. 4 (1983): 271-284. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Perkins, Howard C. "A Neglected Phase of the Movement for Southern Unity, 1847-1852." Journal of Southern History 12, no. 2 (1946): 153-203. Journal Article Secondary 1946
Schroeder, Alan, and Jerry Pinkney. Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Wilson, Douglas L. "William H. Herndon and Mary Todd Lincoln." Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 22, no. 2 (2001): 1-26. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Gray, E.H. Assaults Upon Freedom!  A Discourse, Occassioned by the Rendition of Anthony Burns. Shelburne Falls, MA: D.B. Gunn, 1854.
Book Primary 1854
Carey, Rita McKenna. The First Campaigner: Stephen A. Douglas. New York: Vantage Press, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Channing, Steven A. Crisis of Fear: Secession in South Carolina. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978. Book Secondary 1978
Thomas, Emory M. Robert E. Lee: A Biography. New York: W W Norton & Company, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Stenberg, Richard. "An Unnoted Factor in the Buchanan-Douglas Feud." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 25 (1933): 271-284. Journal Article Secondary 1933
Trial of Henry W. Allen, U.S. Deputy Marshall, for Kidnapping, with Arguments of Counsel & Charge of Justice Marvin, on the Constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law, in the Supreme Court of New York. Syracuse, NY: Power Press of the Daily Journal Office, 1852. Book Primary 1852
Edwards, Arthur. Sketch of the Life of Norman B. Judd. Chicago: Horton and Leonard, 1878. Book Secondary 1878
Goodell, Dexter, and Reidun D. Nuquist. "In Their Words: Manuscripts in the Vermont Historical Society. A Vermonter Joins the Mexican War." Vermont History 60, no. 3 (1992): 167-174. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth, and Eugene D. Genovese. The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders' Worldview. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Zane, Charles S. “Lincoln as I Knew Him.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 14 (1921-22): 74-84. Journal Article Secondary 1860
Cole, Diane. "Patterns of Controversy." U.S. News & World Report, July 2, 2007. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Wendler, Marilyn V. "Anti-Slavery Sentiment and the Underground Railroad in the Lower Maumee Valley." Northwest Ohio Quarterly 52, no. 2 (1980): 193-208. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Hurtado, Albert L. "Controlling California's Indian Labor Force: Federal Administration of California Indian Affairs during the Mexican War." Southern California Quarterly 61, no. 3 (1979): 217-238. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Donahue, James J. "'Hardly the Voice of the Same Man': "Civil Disobedience" and Thoreau's Response to John Brown." Midwest Quarterly 48, no. 2 (2007): 247-265. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Sernett, Milton C. Harriet Tubman: Myth, Memory, and History. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Wilson, Douglas L. Lincoln's Sword: The Presidency and the Power of Words. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Carr, Clark E. Stephen A. Douglas: His Life, Public Services, Speeches and Patriotism. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1909. Book Secondary 1909
Wittenberg, Eric J. Little Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Smith, Gene. Lee and Grant: A Dual Biography . New York: McGraw-Hill, 1984. Book Secondary 1984
Sprout, Oliver S. “James Buchanan, ‘Big Wheel’ of the Railroads.” Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society 56 (1952): 21-34. Journal Article Secondary 1952
Bearse, Austin. Reminiscences of Fugitive-Slave Law Days in Boston. Boston: Warren Richardson, 1880. Book Primary 1880
Goodrich, James W. "Revolt at Mora, 1847." New Mexico Historical Review 47, no. 1 (1972): 49-60. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Hoogenboom, Ari Arthur. Gustavus Vasa Fox of the Union Navy: A Biography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Eyland, Seth. The Evolution of a Life: Described in the Memoirs of Major Seth Eyland. New York: S. W. Green’s Son, 1884. Book Primary 1884
Wesley, Charles H. "The Negroes of New York in the Emancipation Movement." Journal of Negro History 24, no. 1 (January 1939): 65-103. Journal Article Secondary 1939
Irey, Thomas R. "Soldiering, Suffering, and Dying in the Mexican War." Journal of the West 11, no. 2 (1972): 285-298. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Smith, Sidonie, and Julia Watson. Before They Could Vote: American Women's Autobiographical Writing, 1819-1919. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2006. Book Primary 2006
Clinton, Anita Watkins. "Stephen Arnold Douglas - His Mississippi Experience." Journal of Mississippi History 50, no. 2 (1988): 56-88. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Hutton, Paul Andrew. Phil Sheridan and His Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. Book Secondary 1985
Seitz, Ruth Hoover. “Wheatland: A Presidential Retreat in Lancaster County.” Country Magazine 5 (December 1984): 39-40. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Craft, Ellen, and William Craft. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; or, the Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery. London: William Tweedie, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Sewell, Richard H. John P. Hale and the Politics of Abolition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Gorenfeld, William. "The Cowpen Slaughter: Was There a Massacre of Mexican Soldiers at the Battle of Santa Cruz De Rosales?" New Mexico Historical Review 81, no. 4 (2006): 413-440. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Maynard, Douglas H. “Dudley of New Jersey and the Nomination of Lincoln.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 82 (1958): 100-108. Journal Article Secondary 1958
Jackson, Jack. "General Taylor's ‘Astonishing’ Map of Northeastern Mexico." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 101, no. 2 (1997): 142-173. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Sullivan, George. Harriet Tubman. New York: Scholastic Reference, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Hudson, Robert R. "Fugitive Slaves, 1854 - A Clergyman's View." Manuscripts 55, no. 3 (2003): 217-222. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Collins, Bruce. "The Lincoln-Douglas Contest of 1858 and Illinois' Electorate." Journal of American Studies 20, no. 3 (1986): 391-420. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Baker, Jean H. Ambivalent Americans: The Know-Nothing Party in Maryland. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977. Book Secondary 1977
Stenberg, Richard R. "Polk and Fremont, 1845-1846." Pacific Historical Review 7, no. 3 (1938): 211-227. Journal Article Secondary 1938
Sewell, Richard H. “John P. Hale and the Liberty Party, 1847-1848.” New England Quarterly 37, no. 2 (June 1964): 200-223. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Gracy II, David B. and Helen J.H.S. Rugeley. "From the Mississippi to the Pacific: An Englishman in the Mormon Battalion." Arizona and the West 7, no. 2 (1965): 127-160. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Dudley, Thomas H. “The Inside Facts of Lincoln’s Nomination.” Century Magazine 40 (1890): 477-79. Journal Article Primary 1890
White, Edward. "Eyewitness at Harper's Ferry." American Heritage 26, no. 2 (1975): 56-59, 94-97. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Finkelman, Paul, ed. His Soul Goes Marching On: Responses to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Jackson, Sheldon G. "The British and the California Dream: Rumors, Myths, and Legends." Southern California Quarterly 57, no. 3 (1975): 251-268. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Silbey, Joel H. "The Southern National Democrats 1845-1861." Mid-America 47, no. 3 (1965): 176-190. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Eby, Cecil D., Jr. "Whittier's 'Brown of Ossawatomie.'" New England Quarterly 33, no. 4 (1960): 452-461. Journal Article Secondary 1960
Taylor, Marian, and Nathan Irvin Huggins. Harriet Tubman. New York: Chelsea House, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Schreiner, Samuel Agnew. The Trials of Mrs. Lincoln: The Harrowing Never-Before-Told Story of Mary Todd Lincoln's Last and Finest Years. New York: D.I. Fine, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Rosenberger, Homer Tope. “Two Monuments for the Fifteenth President of the United States.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 78 (1974): 29-48. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Graebner, Norman A. "Thomas Corwin and the Election of 1848: A Study in Conservative Politics." Journal of Southern History 17, no. 2 (1951): 162-179. Journal Article Secondary 1951
Smith, Charles P. “The Nomination of Lincoln.” Beecher’s Illustrated Magazine 5 (1872): 332-35. Journal Article Primary 1872
McAfee, Ward and J. Cordell Robinson. Origins of the Mexican War: A Documentary Source Book. Salisbury, NC: Documentary, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Harrison, Maureen and Steven Gilbert. Landmark Decisions of the United States Supreme Court. Landmark Decisions Series. Beverly Hills, CA: Excellent Books, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Jamieson, Perry D. "Background to Bloodshed: The Tactics of the U.S.-Mexican War and the 1850s." North & South 4, no. 6 (2001): 24-31.  Journal Article Secondary 2001
Silbey, Joel H. "The Slavery-Extension Controversy and Illinois Congressmen, 1846-50." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 58, no. 4 (1965): 378-395. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Weatherford, Carole Boston, and Kadir Nelson. Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom. New York: Hyperion Books for Children, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Winkler, H. Donald. The Women in Lincoln's Life. Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Corwin, Norman. The Rivalry. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1960. Book Secondary 1960
Anbinder, Tyler. Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850's. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Connelly, Thomas Lawrence. The Marble Man: Robert E. Lee and his image in American Society. New York: Knopf, 1977. Book Secondary 1977
Sears, Louis Martin. "Frederick Douglass and the Mission to Haiti, 1889-1891.&quot Hispanic American Historical Review 21, no. 2 (1941): 222-238. Journal Article Secondary 1941
Temple, Wayne C. Lincoln the Railsplitter. La Crosse, WI: Willow Press, 1961. Book Secondary 1961
Hearn, Chester G. Six Years of Hell: Harpers Ferry During the Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Jensen, Mrs. Dana O. "The Memoirs of Daniel M. Frost." Missouri Historical Society Bulletin. 26, no. 3 (1970): 200-226. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Stenberg, Richard R. "The Motivation of the Wilmot Proviso." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 18, no. 4 (1932): 535-548. Journal Article Secondary 1932
Bassett, Margaret Byrd. Abraham & Mary Todd Lincoln. New York: Cromwell, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Danbom, David B. "The Young America Movement." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 67, no. 3 (1974): 294-306. Journal Article Secondary 1974
May, Robert E. Manifest Destiny's Underworld: Filibustering in Antebellum America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
McCaffrey, James M. Army of Manifest Destiny: The American Soldier in the Mexican War, 1846-1848. New York: New York University Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Gallagher, Gary W. Lee and his Generals in War and Memory. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998