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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Rable, George C. The Confederate Republic: A Revolution Against Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Tarbell, Ida M. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. 2 vols. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1902. Book Secondary 1902
Reynolds, David S.  John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Johnson, Timothy D. "A Most Anomalous Affair: Gideon Pillow and Winfield Scott in the Mexico City Campaign." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 66, no. 1 (2007): 2-19.
Journal Article Secondary 2007
Parker, Theodore. The New Crime Against Humanity: A Sermon Preached at the Music Hall, in Boston, on Sunday, June 4, 1854. Boston: B.B. Mussey, 1854.
Book Primary 1854
Fay, Jim. "Lincoln and Douglas at the Bryant Cottage." Lincoln Herald 100, no. 1 (1998): 11-28. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Horace Greeley: Nineteenth-Century Crusader. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1953. Book Secondary 1953
MacKinnon, William P. "And the War Came: James Buchanan, the Utah Expedition, and the Decision to Intervene." Utah Historical Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2008): 22-37. Journal Article Secondary 2008
Curran, Daniel J. "Hendrick B. Wright: A Study in Leadership." PhD diss., Fordham University, 1962. Thesis Secondary 1962
Hunt, Gaillard. Israel, Elihu, and Cadwallader Washburn: A Chapter in American Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1925. Book Secondary 1925
Brady, Gerard. “Buchanan’s Campaign in Lancaster County.” Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society 53 (1949): 97-135. Journal Article Secondary 1949
Cable, George W., ed. “A Woman’s Diary of the Siege of Vicksburg.” Century 30, no. 5 (September 1885): 767-776. Journal Article Primary 1885
McGlone, Robert E. "Rescripting a Troubled Past: John Brown's Family and the Harpers Ferry Conspiracy." Journal of American History 75, no. 4 (1989): 1179-1200. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Johnson, Timothy D. Winfield Scott: The Quest for Military Glory. Modern War Studies. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Harris, Andrew, Jr. "Northern Reaction to the John Brown Raid." Negro History Bulletin 24, no. 8 (1961): 177-180, 187. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Barrett, Tracy. Harpers Ferry: The Story of John Brown's Raid. Spotlight on American History. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Browne, Junius Henri. "Horace Greeley." Harper's New Monthly Magazine 46 (1873): 734-741 Journal Article Primary 1873
Luthin, Reinhard H. "Abraham Lincoln and the Massachusetts Whigs in 1848." New England Quarterly 14 (1941): 619-632. Journal Article Secondary 1941
Trefousse, Hans L. Benjamin Franklin Wade: Radical Republican from Ohio. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Kittredge, Frank E. Man with the Branded Hand: An Authentic Sketch of the Life and Services of Capt. Jonathan Walker. Rochester, NY: H. L. Wilson Printing Company, 1899. Book Primary 1899
Field, Corinne T. " Are Women…all Minors? Woman's Rights and the Politics of Aging in the Antebellum United States." Journal of Women's History 12, no. 4 (2001): 113-137. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Bromer, Richard F. “Who Killed Ann Coleman?” Susquehanna 10 (December 1985): 16-21. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Beale, Howard K., ed. The Diary of Edward Bates 1859-1866. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1933. Book Primary 1933
Cooper, Afua. "The Fluid Frontier: Blacks and the Detroit River Region: A Focus on Henry Bibb." Canadian Review of American Studies 30, no. 2 (2000): 129-149. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Johnson, Timothy D. "Benjamin Franklin Cheatham: The Early Years." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 42, no. 3 (1983): 266-280. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Haven, R. "John Brown and Heman Humphrey: An Unpublished Letter." Journal of Negro History 52, no. 3 (1967): 220-224. Journal Article Secondary 1967
Stone, Edward. Incident at Harper's Ferry: Primary Source Materials for Teaching the Theory and Technique of the Investigative Essay. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1956. Book Secondary 1956
Felt, Thomas E. "The Stephen A. Douglas Letters in the State Historical Library." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56, no. 4 (1963): 677-691. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Lunde, Erik S. Horace Greeley. Boston: Twayne, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
MacKinnon, William P. At Sword's Point: A Documentary History of the Utah War to 1858. Norman, OK: Arthur H. Clark Co., 2007. Book Primary 2007
Kittredge, Frank E. Dixie to Canada: Romances and Realities of the Underground Railroad. Buffalo, NY: Charles Wells Moulton, 1894. Book Primary 1894
Hickey, James T. "Oglesby's Fence Rail Dealings and the 1860 Decatur Convention." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 54 (1961): 5-24. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Frost-Knappman, Elizabeth, and Kathryn Cullen-DuPont. Women's Suffrage in America: An Eyewitness History. The Eyewitness History Series. New York: Facts on File, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Brown, J. Hay. “President Buchanan—Misunderstood—Wrongly Judged.” Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society 32 (1928): 88-92. Journal Article Secondary 1928
Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster & Co., 1885–86.
Book Primary 1885
Cain, Marvin R. Lincoln's Attorney General: Edward Bates of Missouri. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Davis, J. McCan. How Abraham Lincoln Became President. Springfield: The Illinois Co., 1909. Book Secondary 1909
Johnson, Tyler V. " ‘To Take Up Arms Against Brethren of the Same Faith’: Lower Midwestern Catholic Volunteers in the Mexican-American War." Armed Forces & Society 32, no. 4 (2006): 532-548. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Appleby, Joyce Oldham. "The Vexed Story of Capitalism Told by American Historians." Journal of the Early Republic 21, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 1-18. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Hill, F. T. "Commonwealth vs. Brown." Harper's Monthly Magazine 113 (1906): 264-279. Journal Article Secondary 1906
Flint, Henry M. Life of Stephen A. Douglas, United States Senator from Illinois. With His Most Important Speeches and Reports. New York: Derby & Jackson, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Horner, Harlan Hoyt. Lincoln and Greeley. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1953. Book Secondary 1953
Lynch, William O. "Indiana in the Buchanan-Douglas Contest of 1856." Indiana Magazine of History 30 (1934): 119-132. Journal Article Secondary 1934
May, Samuel J. The Fugitive Slave Law and Its Victims. New York: American Antislavery Society, 1856. Book Primary 1856
“Buchanan, Lincoln, and Duff Green.” Century Illustrated Magazine 38 (June 1889): 317-318. Journal Article Secondary 1889
Williams, James. Life and Adventures of James Williams a Fugitive Slave, with a Full Description of the Underground Railroad. San Francisco: Women's Union Print, 1873. Book Primary 1873
Jones, Robert R. "The Mexican War Diary of James Lawson Kemper." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 74, no. 4 (1966): 387-428. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Belohlavek, John M. "Economic Interest Groups and the Formation of Foreign Policy in the Early Republic." Journal of the Early Republic 14, no. 4 (Winter 1994): 476-484. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Stevens, Charles Emery. Anthony Burns: A History. Boston: John P. Jewett and Company, 1856.
Book Primary 1856
Gardner, William. Life of Stephen A. Douglas. Boston: Roxburgh Press, 1905. Book Secondary 1905
Archer, Jules. Fighting Journalist: Horace Greeley. New York: J. Messner, 1966. Book Secondary 1966
Lynch, William O. "Zachary Taylor as President." Journal of Southern History 4, no. 3 (1938): 279-294. Journal Article Secondary 1938
Webster, Delia. Kentucky Jurisprudence: A History of the Trial of Miss Delia A. Webster. Vergennes, VT: E. W. Blaisdell, 1845. Book Primary 1845
Callahan, J. M. “The Mexican Policy of Southern Leaders under Buchanan’s Administration.” American Historical Association Annual Report (1910): 135-151. Journal Article Secondary 1910
Dennett, Tyler, ed. Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and Letters of John Hay. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Company, 1939.
Book Primary 1939
Harrold, Stanley. "Prophets of Protest: Reconsidering the History of American Abolitionism." Journal of American History 93, no. 4 (March 2007): 1233-1234. Journal Article Secondary 2007
McKenzie, Kenneth F. "Marines to Harpers Ferry!" Naval History 9, no. 1 (1995): 22-28. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Williams-Myers, A. J. "The Underground Railroad in the Hudson River Valley: A Succinct Historical Composite." Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 27, no. 1 (2003): 55-73. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Jones, Thomas B. "Mexican War Scholarship: The Connor-Faulk Assessment." Journal of Mexican American History 5 (1975): 103-121. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Blewett, Mary H. "Society and Economic Change." Journal of the Early Republic 12, no. 4 (Winter 1992): 450-454. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Gilmore, Michael T. "A Plot Against America: Free Speech and the American Renaissance." Raritan 26, no. 2 (2006): 90-113. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996 Book Secondary 1996
Weld, Theodore Dwight. American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1839. Book Primary 1839
Ecelbarger, Gary. Black Jack Logan: An Extraordinary Life in Peace and War. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Penney, Sherry H., and James D. Livingston. "Getting to the Source: Hints for Wives - and Husbands." Journal of Women's History 15, no. 2 (2003): 180-187. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Carlson, Robert E. “Buchanan and Western Pennsylvania in 1856.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 40 (1957): 45-57. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Hendrick, Burton. Lincoln's War Cabinet. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1946. Book Secondary 1946
Corwin, Edward S. "The Dred Scott Decision, in the Light of Contemporary Legal Doctrines." American Historical Review 17 (1911): 52-69. Journal Article Secondary 1911
Williamson, Jane. "Rowland T. Robinson, Rokeby, and the Underground Railroad in Vermont." Vermont History 69, Supplement (2001): 19-31. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Brashear, Craig. "The Market Revolution and Party Preference in East Tennessee: Spatial Patterns of Partisanship in the 1840 Presidential Election." Appalachian Journal 25, no. 1 (1997): 8-29. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Good, Timothy S. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates and the Making of a President. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Riegel, Robert E. " 'Woman's Rights and Other 'Reforms' in Seneca Falls:' A Contemporary View." New York History 46, no. 1 (1965): 41-59. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Carlson, Robert E. “James Buchanan-One Hundred Years Ago.” Carnegie Magazine 30 (1956): 312-316. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Conrad, Thomas Nelson. A Confederate Spy: A Thrilling History of Scouting Life in the Southern Army. New York: J.S. Ogilive Publishing Company Company, of Rose Street, 1892. Book Primary 1892
Harrold, Stanley. "On the Borders of Slavery and Race: Charles T. Torrey and the Underground Railroad." Journal of the Early Republic 20, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 273-292. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Ketchum, Richard M. "The Thankless Task of Nicholas Trist." American Heritage 21, no. 5 (1970): 12-15, 86-90. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Bridges, Amy. "Rethinking the Commercial Republic." Journal of the Early Republic 12, no. 4 (Winter 1992): 470-473. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Hyde, Lewis. "Henry Thoreau, John Brown, and the Problem of Prophetic Action." Raritan 22, no. 2 (2002): 125-144. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Howe, Henry. Historical Collections of Virginia. Charleston, SC: WM. R. Babcock, 1852. Book Primary 1852
Miller, Robert J. Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Rife, Douglas M., and Bron Smith. Seneca Falls: Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. History Speaks. Carthage, IL: Teaching & Learning Co., 2002. Book Secondary 1992
Carlson, Robert E. “Pittsburgh Newspaper Reaction to James Buchanan and the Democratic Party in 1856.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 39 (1956): 71-81. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Grant, Ulysses S. “The Siege of Vicksburg.” Century 30, no. 5 (September 1885): 752-767. Journal Article Primary 1885
Harrold, Stanley. "Freeing the Weems Family: A New Look at the Underground Railroad." Civil War History 42, no. 4 (1996): 289-306. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Wilson, Douglas L. "The Unfinished Text of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates." Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 15, no. 1 (1994): 70-84. Journal Article Secondary 1994
King, C. Richard. "The Shadow and the Glory." Texana 9, no. 2 (1971): 87-134. Journal Article Secondary 1971
Brown, David. "Slavery and the Market Revolution: The South's Place in Jacksonian Historiography." Southern Studies 4, no. 2 (1993): 189-207. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Craven, Avery. The Coming of the Civil War. 2nd ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1957. Book Secondary 1957
Uya, Okon Edet. From Slavery to Public Service: Robert Smalls, 1839-1915. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. Book Secondary 1971
Najar, Monica. "'Meddling With Emancipation': Baptists, Authority, and the Rift over Slavery in the Upper South." Journal of the Early Republic 25, no. 2 (2005): 157-186. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Hensel, William U. “The Attitude of James Buchanan, (a Citizen of Lancaster County) towards the Institution of Slavery in the United States.” Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society 15 (1911): 142-159. Journal Article Secondary 1911
Webb, Samuel. History of Pennsylvania Hall, which was Destroyed by a Mob, on the 17th of May, 1838. Philadelphia: Merrihew and Gunn, 1838. Book Primary 1838
Noun, Louise. "Amelia Bloomer, A Biography: Part I, The Lily of Seneca Falls." Annals of Iowa 47, no. 7 (1985): 575-617. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Chester, Edward W. “The Impact of the Covode Congressional Investigation.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 42 (1959): 343-350. Journal Article Secondary 1959
Sherman, William T. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1875.
Book Primary 1875
Cowan, Hilary. "Fresh New Finds--A House Divided: The Lincoln-Douglas Debates." Electronic Learning 15, no. 3 (November 1995): 43. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Harrold, Stanley. "Violence and Nonviolence in Kentucky Abolitionism." Journal of Southern History 57, no. 1 (February 1991): 15-38. Journal Article Secondary 1991
McKivigan, John R., and Stanley Harrold. Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Klassen, Teri. "Polk's Fancy: Quiltmaking, Patriotism, and Gender in the Mexican War Era." Uncoverings 27 (2006): 59-89. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Bushman, Richard Lyman. "Markets and Composite Farms in Early America." William and Mary Quarterly 55, no. 3 (July 1998): 351-374. Journal Article Secondary 1998