Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
George, Mary K. Zachariah Chandler: A Political Biography. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1969. Book Secondary 1969 Full Record
Harris, W.C. Public Life of Zachariah Chandler, 1851-1875. East Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission, 1917. Book Secondary 1917 Full Record
Evans, Clement A., ed. Confederate Military History. Vol. 10. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing Company, 1899. Book Secondary 1899 Full Record
Bacon, Margaret Hope.  "'One Great Bundle of Humanity': Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911)."  The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 113, no 1 (1989): 21-43.
Journal Article Secondary 1989 Full Record
Yacovone, Donald. "Sacred Land Regained: Francel Ellen Watkins Harper and 'The Massachusetts Fifty-Fourth,' A Lost Poem." Pennsylvania History 62, no. 1 (Winter 1995): 90-110.
Journal Article Secondary 1995 Full Record
Carby, Hazel V. "'Of Lasting Service for the Race': The Work of Frances Ellen Watkins Harper." In Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist, edited by Hazel V. Carby, pp. 62-94.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Book Chapter Secondary 1987 Full Record
Palmer-Mehta, Valerie. "'We Are All Bound Up Together': Frances Harper and Feminist Theory." In Black Women's Intellectual Traditions: Speaking Their Minds, edited by Kristin Waters and Carol B. Conaway, pp. 192-215. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press; Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2007.
Book Chapter Secondary 2007 Full Record
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  A Brighter Coming Day: A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader.  Edited by Frances Smith Foster.  New York:  Feminist Press, 1990.
Book Primary 1990 Full Record
Boyd, Melba Joyce.  Discarded Legacy: Politics and Poetics in the Life of Frances E. W. Harper, 1825-1911.  Detroit:  Wayne State University Press. 1994.
Book Secondary 1994 Full Record
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  "The Woman's Christian Temperance Union and the Colored Woman."  African Methodist Episcopal Church Review 4, no. 8 (January 1888).
Journal Article Primary 1888 Full Record
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  Minnie's Sacrifice, Sowing and Reaping, Trial and Triumph: Three Rediscovered Novels by Frances E.W. Harper. Edited by Francis Smith Foster.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.
Book Primary 1994 Full Record
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.  The Complete Poems of Frances E.W. Harper.  Edited by Maryemma Graham.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Book Primary 1988 Full Record
Johnson, Sherita L.  " 'In the Sunny South': Reconstructing Frances Harper as Southern."  Southern Quarterly 45, no. 3 (2008): 70-87.
Journal Article Secondary 2008 Full Record
Chicago (IL) Times
Book Primary 1850 Full Record
Chicago (IL) Tribune Book Primary 1850 Full Record
New York Times
Book Primary 1852 Full Record
Bordewich, Fergus M. Bound for Canaan: The Epic Story of the Underground Railroad, America's First Civil Rights Movement. New York: Amistad, 2006.
Book Secondary Secondary 2006 Full Record
Joiner, Gary D. Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006 Full Record
Joiner, Gary D., ed. Little to Eat and Thin Mud to Drink: Letters, Diaries, and Memoirs from the Red River Campaigns, 1863-1864. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2007.
Book Primary 2007 Full Record
Johnson, Ludwell H. Red River Campaign: Politics and Cotton in the Civil War. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1993. Book Secondary 1993 Full Record
Bergeron, Arthur W., Jr. “General Richard Taylor as a Military Commander.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 23, no. 1 (Winter 1982): 35-47. Journal Article Secondary 1982 Full Record
Taylor, Richard. Destruction and Reconstruction: Personal Experiences of the Late War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879. Book Primary 1879 Full Record
Boggs, William Robertson. Military Reminiscences of Gen. Wm. R. Boggs, C.S.A. Durham, NC: Seeman Printery, 1913. Book Primary 1913 Full Record
Pollard, Edward A. The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates. New York: E. B. Treat & Co., 1867.
Book Primary 1867 Full Record
Spencer, J. A. History of the United States of America. 3 vols. New York: Johnson, Wilson & Co., 1874. Book Secondary 1874 Full Record
Eggleston, Edward. A First Book in American History: With Special Reference to the Lives and Deeds of Great Americans. New York: American Book Co., 1889. Book Secondary 1889 Full Record
Channing, Edward. A Student’s History of the United States. 4th ed. New York: MacMillan Co., 1922. Book Secondary 1922 Full Record
Muzzey, David S. An American History. Rev. ed. Boston: Ginn and Co., 1920. Book Secondary 1920 Full Record
Ballard, Michael B.Vicksburg: The Campaign That Opened the Mississippi. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Book Secondary 2004 Full Record
Rable, George C. The Confederate Republic: A Revolution Against Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994 Full Record
Cable, George W., ed. “A Woman’s Diary of the Siege of Vicksburg.” Century 30, no. 5 (September 1885): 767-776. Journal Article Primary 1885 Full Record
Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster & Co., 1885–86.
Book Primary 1885 Full Record
Grant, Ulysses S. “The Siege of Vicksburg.” Century 30, no. 5 (September 1885): 752-767. Journal Article Primary 1885 Full Record
Sherman, William T. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1875.
Book Primary 1875 Full Record
Morris, Christopher. Becoming Southern: The Evolution of a Way of Life, Warren County and Vicksburg, Mississippi, 1770-1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Book Secondary 1995 Full Record
Barr, Alwyn, ed. “The Battle of Bayou Bourbeau, November 3, 1863: Colonel Oran M. Roberts' Report.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 6, no. 1 (Winter 1965): 83-91.
Journal Article Primary 1965 Full Record
Savage, Edward H. Police Records and Recollections, or Boston by Daylight and Gaslight. Boston: John P. Dale and Co., 1873. Book Primary 1873 Full Record
Warren, Edward. An Epitome of Practical Surgery, for Field and Hospital. Richmond: West & Johnson, 1863. Book Primary 1863 Full Record
McDonald, William. The Two Rebellions, or, Treason Unmasked. By a Virginian. Richmond: Smith, Bailey, 1865. Book Primary 1865 Full Record
Anspach, F. R. The Sons of the Sires; A History of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny of the American Party, and its Probable Influence on the Next Presidential Election. To Which is Added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry A. Wise, Against the Know-Nothings. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1855.
Book Primary 1855 Full Record
Kantrowitz, Stephen. Ben Tillman and the Reconstruction of White Supremacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000 Book Secondary 2000 Full Record
Kantrowitz, Stephen. “Youngest Living Carpetbagger Tells All: Or, How Regional Myopia Created ‘Pitchfork Ben’ Tillman.” Southern Cultures 8 (2002): 18-37. Journal Article Secondary 2002 Full Record
Tindall, George Brown. "The Campaign for the Disfranchisement of the Negroes in South Carolina." Journal of Southern History 15 (1949): 212-234 Journal Article Secondary 1949 Full Record
Mabry, William Alexander. "Ben Tillman Disfranchised the Negro." South Atlantic Quarterly 37 (1938): 170-183. Journal Article Secondary 1938 Full Record
Clark, E. Culpepper. “Pitchfork Ben Tillman and the Emergence of Southern Demagoguery.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 69 (November 1983): 423-433. Journal Article Secondary 1983 Full Record
Novick, Sheldon M. Honorable Justice: The Life of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. Book Secondary 1989 Full Record
Baker, Liva. The Justice from Beacon Hill: The Life and Times of Oliver Wendell Holmes. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. Book Secondary 1991 Full Record
Taylor, Susie King. Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops Late 1st S. C. Volunteers. Boston, 1902. Book Primary 1902 Full Record
Cullom, Shelby Moore. Fifty Years of Public Service: Personal Recollections of Shelby M. Cullom, Senior United States Senator from Illinois. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1911. Book Primary 1911 Full Record
Carnegie, Andrew. Triumphant Democracy. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1886. Book Primary 1886 Full Record
Carnegie, Andrew. The Gospel of Wealth and Other Timely Essays. New York: Century Co., 1901.
Book Primary 1901 Full Record
Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005. Book Secondary 2005 Full Record
Pease, Theodore Calvin, and James G. Randall, eds. The Diary of Orville Browning. 2 vols. Springfield: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1925-1933. Book Primary 1925 Full Record
Beale, Howard K., ed. The Diary of Edward Bates 1859-1866. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1933. Book Primary 1933 Full Record
Cain, Marvin R. Lincoln's Attorney General: Edward Bates of Missouri. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1965. Book Secondary 1965 Full Record
Dennett, Tyler, ed. Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and Letters of John Hay. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Company, 1939.
Book Primary 1939 Full Record
Hendrick, Burton. Lincoln's War Cabinet. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1946. Book Secondary 1946 Full Record
Bates, Samuel P. History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5. 4 Vols. 1869, PA: B. Singerly, 1869. Book Primary 1869 Full Record
Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant. Here Come The Rebels!. Rev. ed. Dayton, OH: Morningside Bookshop, 1988. Book Secondary 1988 Full Record
Moore, James. History of the Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloons. Philadelphia: Jas. B Rodgers, 1866.
Book Primary 1866 Full Record
Gallman, J. Matthew. Wartime: A Social History of Philadelphia During the Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Book Secondary 1990 Full Record
Taylor, Frank H. Philadelphia in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: The City, 1913.
Book Secondary 1913 Full Record
Blair, William and William Pencak, eds. Making and Remaking Pennsylvania’s Civil War. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001 Full Record
Brockett, Linus Pierpont and Mary C. Vaughan. Woman’s Work in the Civil War: A Record of Heroism, Patriotism and Patience. Philadelphia: Zeigler, McCurdy & Co., 1867.
Book Primary 1867 Full Record
Curtis, John Trevor. The Public Schools of Philadelphia: Historical, Biographical, and Statistical. Philadelphia: Burk & McFetridge Co., 1897.
Book Secondary 1897 Full Record
Herringshaw, Thomas William, ed. Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography. Chicago: American Publishers’’ Association, 1914.
Book Secondary 1914 Full Record
Wilkeson, Frank. Recollections of a Private Soldier in the Army of the Potomac. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1887. Book Primary 1887 Full Record
Bromley, Isaac H. “Historic Moments: The Nomination of Lincoln.” Scribner’s Magazine 14 (November 1893): 645-657. Journal Article Primary 1893 Full Record
Ecelbarger, Gary. The Great Comeback: How Abraham Lincoln Beat the Odds to Win the 1860 Presidential Nomination. New York: St. Martins Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008 Full Record
Proceedings of the First Three Republican National Conventions of 1856, 1860 and 1864. Minneapolis: Charles W. Johnson, 1893. Book Primary 1893 Full Record
Wendt, Lloyd. "Swift Walker": An Informal Biography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. Chicago: Regnery Books, 1986.
Book Secondary 1986 Full Record
Stampp, Kenneth M. The Imperiled Union: Essays on the Background of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Book Secondary 1980 Full Record
Wilson, James Harrison. “Reminiscences of General Grant.” Century Magazine 30 (October 1885): 947-955.
Journal Article Primary 1885 Full Record
Rice, Allen Thorndike, ed. Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln by Distinguished Men of His Time. New York: North American, 1886. Book Primary 1886 Full Record
Eyland, Seth. The Evolution of a Life: Described in the Memoirs of Major Seth Eyland. New York: S. W. Green’s Son, 1884. Book Primary 1884 Full Record
Maynard, Douglas H. “Dudley of New Jersey and the Nomination of Lincoln.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 82 (1958): 100-108. Journal Article Secondary 1958 Full Record
Dudley, Thomas H. “The Inside Facts of Lincoln’s Nomination.” Century Magazine 40 (1890): 477-79. Journal Article Primary 1890 Full Record
Smith, Charles P. “The Nomination of Lincoln.” Beecher’s Illustrated Magazine 5 (1872): 332-35. Journal Article Primary 1872 Full Record
Temple, Wayne C. Lincoln the Railsplitter. La Crosse, WI: Willow Press, 1961. Book Secondary 1961 Full Record
Davis, J. McCan. “Origin of the Lincoln Rails as Related by Governor Oglesby.” Century Illustrated Magazine 60 (June 1900): 271-75.
Journal Article Primary 1900 Full Record
Plummer, Mark A. Lincoln’s Rail-Splitter: Governor Richard J. Oglesby. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001 Full Record
Temple, Wayne C. “Delegates to the Illinois State Republican Nominating Convention in 1860.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 92 (1999): 289-98.
Journal Article Secondary 1999 Full Record
Aubere, Jewell H. “A Reminiscence of Abraham Lincoln: A Conversation with Speaker [Joseph] Cannon.” World’s Work 13 (1907): 8528-30.
Journal Article Primary 1907 Full Record
Carpenter, Frank B. “How Lincoln Was Nominated.” Century Magazine 24 (October 1882): 853-859. Journal Article Primary 1882 Full Record
Brown, Charles H. William Cullen Bryant: A Biography. New York: Scribner, 1971.
Book Secondary 1971 Full Record
Stewart, John D. “The Great Winnebago Chieftain: Simon Cameron’s Rise to Power, 1860-1867.” Pennsylvania History 39 (1972): 20-39.
Journal Article Secondary 1972 Full Record
Barnes, Thurlow Weed. Life of Thurlow Weed including His Autobiography and a Memoir. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1884.
Book Primary 1884 Full Record
Symington, Andrew James. William Cullen Bryant: A Biographical Sketch. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1880. Book Primary 1880 Full Record
Burlingame, Michael, ed. An Oral History of Abraham Lincoln: John G. Nicolay’s Interviews and Essays. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1996. Book Primary 1996 Full Record
Lamon, Ward Hill. The Life of Abraham Lincoln: From His Birth to His Inauguration as President. Boston: Osgood, 1872. Book Primary 1872 Full Record
Renda, Lex. Running on the Record: Civil War-Era Politics in New Hampshire. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997.
Book Secondary 1997 Full Record
Whitney, Henry C. Lincoln the Citizen. Vol. 1 of Life of Lincoln. Edited by Marion Mills Miller. New York: Baker & Taylor Co., 1908. Book Primary 1908 Full Record
Herndon, William H., and Jesse W. Weik. Herndon’s Lincoln. Edited by Douglas L. Wilson and Rodney O. Davis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006 Full Record
Sharrow, Walter G. “William Henry Seward: A Study in Nineteenth Century Politics and Nationalism, 1855-1861.” Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester, 1964. Thesis Advanced Secondary 1964 Full Record
Burlingame, Michael. The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994 Full Record
Gillette, William. Jersey Blue: Civil War Politics in New Jersey, 1854-1865. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1995.
Book Secondary 1995 Full Record
Burlingame, Michael, ed. Lincoln Observed: Civil War Dispatches of Noah Brooks. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. Book Primary 1998 Full Record
Brooks, Noah. Lincoln and the Downfall of American Slavery. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1908. Book Primary 1908 Full Record
Johns, Jane Martin. “The Nomination of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency, an Unsolved Psychological Problem.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 10 (1917-18): 561-567. Journal Article Secondary 1917 Full Record
Tarbell, Ida M. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. 2 vols. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1902. Book Secondary 1902 Full Record