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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Carmichael, Orton H. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. New York: The Abingdon Press, 1917. Book Secondary 1917
Worner, William Frederic. “Unpublished Letters of James Buchanan.” Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society 32 (1928): 67-72, 118-121. Journal Article Secondary 1928
Hogan, William R. The Texas Republic: A Social and Economic History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1946. Book Secondary 1946
Horton, Paul. "Submitting to the 'Shadow of Slavery': The Secession Crisis and Civil War in Alabama's Lawrence County." Civil War History 44, no. 2 (1998): 111-136. Journal Article Secondary 1998
McDonald, Archie P. The Mexican War: Crisis for American Democracy. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Walther, Eric H. William Lowndes Yancey: The Coming of the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
McPherson, James M. The Struggle for Equality: Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Tyson, Raymond W. "A Southerner Who Spoke For the Union." Southern Speech Journal 30, no. 2 (1964): 117-132. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Chidsey, Donald Barr. The War With Mexico. New York: Crown Publishers, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Kirwan, Albert D. John J. Crittenden: The Struggle for the Union. 1962. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
Stolzfus, Thelma. “Lancaster’s Star-Cross’d Lovers.” Susquehanna 6 (February 1981): 18-19. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Kennedy, William. Texas the Rise, Progress and Prospects of the Republic of Texas. Clifton, NJ: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
Siebert, Wilbur Henry. "A Quaker Section of the Underground Railroad in Northern Ohio." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly no. 3 (July 1930): 479-502. Journal Article Secondary 1930
Rilling, Donna J. "Liberty is Innovation: Sources of Energy and Enterprise." Magazine of History 19, no. 3 (2005): 12-15. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Nichols, Roy F. "The Kansas-Nebraska Act: A Century of Historiography." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 43, no. 2 (1956): 187-212. Journal Article Secondary 1956
Pratt, Richard Henry. Battlefield and Classroom: Four Decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904. Edited by Robert M. Utley. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964. Book Primary 1964
Belz, Herman. "Henry Winter Davis and the Origins of Congressional Reconstruction." Maryland Historical Magazine 67, no. 2 (1973): 129-143. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Sinha, Manisha. "The Caning of Charles Sumner: Slavery, Race, and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War." Journal of the Early Republic 23, no. 2 (Summer 2003), 233-262. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Steiner, Bernard C. “John J. Crittenden’s Maryland Correspondents.” Maryland Historical Magazine 10 (June 1915): 160-176. Journal Article Secondary 1915
Shenk, John. “Wheatland’s Landscape: 1848-1868.” Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 67 (1963): 93-100. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Lowe, Richard G., and Randolph B. Campell. Planters and Plain Folk: Agriculture in Antebellum Texas. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Delle, James A., and Mary Ann Levine. "Excavations at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidence for the Underground Railroad?" Northeast Historical Archaeology 33 (2004): 131-152. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Siebert, Wilbur Henry. "The Underground Railroad in Michigan." Detroit Historical Monthly (1923): 10-16. Journal Article Secondary 1923
McGowen, Stanley S. "Augustus Buchel: A Forgotten Texas Patriot." Military History of the West 25, no. 1 (1995): 1-21. Journal Article Secondary 1995
Rilling, Donna J. "Sylvan Enterprise and the Philadelphia Hinterland, 1790-1860." Pennsylvania History 67, no. 2 (2000): 194-217. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Nolan, Jeannette Covert. The Little Giant: The Story of Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. New York: J. Messner, Inc., 1942. Book Secondary 1942
Warden, Robert Bruce. An Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase. Cincinnati: Wilstach, Baldwin & Co., 1874. Book Primary 1874
Burr, Nelson B. “United States Senator James Dixon: 1814-1873, Episcopalian Anti-Slavery Statesman.” History Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 50 (March 1981): 29-72. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Sears, Stephen W. Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. New Haven: Ticknor & Fields, 1983. Book Secondary 1983
Ledbetter, Patsy S. "John J. Crittenden and the Compromise Debacle." Filson Club History Quarterly 51 (April 1977): 125-142. Journal Article Secondary 1977
Rusling, James Fowler. Men and Things I Saw in Civil War Days. New York: The Methodist Book Concern, 1914. Book Primary 1914
Tyler, Ronnie C., and Lawrence R. Murphy, eds. The Slave Narratives of Texas. Austin: Encino Press, 1974. Book Tertiary 1974
McKee, James W., Jr. "Letters from Mexico: 1847-1848." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 29, no. 2 (1970): 152-159. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Rockman, Seth. "Liberty is Land and Slaves: The Great Contradiction." Magazine of History 19, no. 3 (2005): 8-11. Journal Article Secondary 2005
von Frank, Albert J. "John Brown, James Redpath, and the Idea of Revolution." Civil War History 52, no. 2 (June 2006): 142-160. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Crofts, Daniel W. Old Southampton: Politics and Society in a Virginia County, 1834-1869. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Ostendorf, Lloyd and A. Bruce Duncan. "The Photographic Portraits of Stephen A. Douglas." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 67, no. 1 (1974): 6-78. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands. Boston: Phillips, Sampson, and Co., 1854. Book Primary 1854
Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in the United States Through 250 Years, 1690-1940. New York: Routledge, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Albright, Claude. “Dixon, Doolittle, and Norton: The Forgotten Republican Votes on Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment.” Wisconsin Magazine of History 59 (Winter 1975-1976): 91-100. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Cooling, B. Franklin. Counter-Thrust: From the Peninsula to the Antietam. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Krug, Mark M. Lyman Trumbull: Conservative Radical. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Kelly, Jack. “John J. Crittenden and the Constitutional Union Party.” Filson Club History Quarterly 48 (July 1974): 265-276. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Rusling, James Fowler. European Days and Ways. Cincinnati: Jennings & Pye, 1902. Book Primary 1902
Foley, Neil. The White Scourage Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1997. Book Tertiary 1997
Howard, Victor B. "John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry and the Sectional Crisis in North Carolina." North Carolina Historical Review 55, no. 4 (October 1978): 396-420. Journal Article Secondary 1978
McWhiney, Grady. "Conservatism and the Military." Continuity 4-5 (1982): 93-126. Journal Article Secondary 1982
Rockman, Seth. "Class and the History of Working People in the Early Republic." Journal of the Early Republic 25, no. 4 (Winter 2005): 527-535. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Ford, Lacy K., Jr. A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Peck, Graham A. "Was Stephen A. Douglas Antislavery?" Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 26, no. 2 (2005): 1-21. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Morel, Mary Kay. "Captain Pratt's School." American History 32, no. 3 (1997): 26-32, 62-64. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Gienapp, William E. “Salmon P. Chase, Nativism, and the Formation of the Republican Party in Ohio.” Ohio History 93 (Winter-Spring 1984): 5-39. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Perry, Mark. Lift Up Thy Voice: The Grimké Family's Journey from Slaveholders to Civil Rights Leaders. New York: Viking, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Lowell, James Russell. "The Election in November." The Atlantic Monthly 6, no. 36 (October 1860): 492-502. Journal Article Primary 1860
Hensel, Howard M. The Anatomy of Failure: The Case of Major General George B. McClellan and the Peninsular Campaign. Montgomery, AL: Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell Air Force Base, 1985. Book Secondary 1985
Zacharias, Donald W. “John J. Crittenden Crusades for the Union and Neutrality in Kentucky.” Filson Club History Quarterly 38 (July 1964): 193-205. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Rusling, James Fowler. Across America; or, The Great West and the Pacific Coast. New York: Sheldon & Company, 1875. Book Primary 1875
Olmsted, Frederick Law. A Journey Through Texas, Or, A saddle-Trip on the Southwestern Frontier. New York: Dix, Edwards & Co., 1857. Book Primary 1857
Howard, William Alanson. Kansas-Lecompton Constitution. Washington, DC: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1858. Book Primary 1858
Siegel, Martin. The Taney Court, 1836-1864. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational Corp, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Meltzer, Milton. Bound for the Rio Grande; the Mexican Struggle, 1845-1850. The Living History Library. New York: Knopf, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
Schantz, Mark S. "Religious Tracts, Evangelical Reform, and the Market Revolution in Antebellum America." Journal of the Early Republic 17, no. 3 (1997): 425-466. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Sundquist, Eric J. New Essays on Uncle Tom's Cabin. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Stefon, Frederick J. "Richard Henry Pratt and his Indians." Journal of Ethnic Studies 15, no. 2 (1987): 86-112. Journal Article Secondary 1987
Rayback, Joseph G. Free Soil: The Election of 1848. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1971. Book Secondary 1970
Gienapp, William E. "The Whig Party, the Compromise of 1850, and the Nomination of Winfield Scott." Presidential Studies Quarterly 14, no. 3 (1984): 399-415. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Grimké, Angelina Emily. Appeal to the Christian Women of the South. New York, 1836. Book Primary 1836
Scheips, Paul J. “Buchanan and the Chiriqui Naval Station Sites.” Military Affairs 18 (1954): 64-80. Journal Article Secondary 1954
Raines, C. W., ed. Six Decades in Texas, or Memoirs of Francis Richard Lubbock, Civil War Governor. Austin: Ben C. Jones & Co., 1900. Book Primary 1900
Sigelschiffer, Saul. The American Conscience: The Drama of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Pittsburgh: Horizon Press, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Levine, Bruce C. Confederate Emancipation: Southern Plans to Free and Arm Slaves during the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Plummer, Mark A. "Lincoln's First Direct Reply to Douglas on Squatter Sovereignty Recalled." Lincoln Herald 71, no. 1 (1969): 27-32. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Pratt, Richard Henry. The Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Its Origins, Purposes, Progress, and the Difficulties Surmounted. 1908. Reprint. Edited by Robert Marshall Utley. Carlisle, PA: Cumberland County Historical Society, 1979. Book Primary 1979
Maizlish, Stephen E. “Salmon P. Chase: The Roots of Ambition and the Origins of Reform.” Journal of the Early Republic 18, no. 1 (1998): 47-70. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Grimké, Sarah Moore. An Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States. New York, 1836. Book Primary 1836
Russ, William A., Jr. “Time Lag and Political Change as Seen in the Administrations of Buchanan and Hoover.” South Atlantic Quarterly 46 (1947): 335-343. Journal Article Secondary 1947
Reynolds, Donald E. Texas Terror: The Slave Insurrection Panic of 1860 and the Secession of the Lower South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007 Book Secondary 2007
Merk, Frederick. "Dissent in the Mexican War." Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings 81 (1969): 121-136. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Stewart, James Brewer. Abolitionist Politics and the coming of the Civil War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Porter, Lorle A. "The Lecompton Issue in Knox County Politics: Division of the Democracy, 1858." Ohio History 81, no. 3 (1972): 157-192. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Custer, Jay F. "Pennsylvania Profile No. 6 Henry Pratt and the Carlisle Indian Industrial School." Pennsylvania Archaeologist 58, no. 2 (1988): 61-65. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Morrison, Chaplain W. Democratic Politics and Sectionalism: The Wilmot Proviso Controversy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1967. Book Secondary 1967
Garrison, Wendell Phillips. The Preludes of Harper's Ferry: Two Papers. [Boston?], 1891. Book Primary 1891
Marvel, William. Burnside. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
“President Buchanan’s Administration.” United States Democratic Review 42 (September 1858): 177-190. Journal Article Primary 1858
Lundberg, John R. “Wheat Farmers in the Secession Crisis: The Imprint of the Upper South on Northeast Texas Politics.” East Texas Historical Journal 47, no. 1 (2009): 29-43. Journal Article Secondary 2009
Moore, Robert, Jr. "A Ray of Hope, Extinguished: St. Louis Slave Suits for Freedom." Gateway Heritage 14, no. 3 (1993-1994): 4-15. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Merk, Frederick. The Monroe Doctrine and American Expansionism, 1843-1849. New York: Knopf, 1966. Book Secondary 1966
Stott, Richard. "Artisans and Capitalist Development." Journal of the Early Republic 16, no. 2 (Summer 1996): 257-271. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Yang, Liwen. "John Brown's Role in the History of the Emancipation Movement of Black Americans." Southern Studies 3, no. 2 (1992): 135-142. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Porterfield, Jason. The Lincoln-Douglas Senatorial Debates of 1858: A Primary Source Investigation. New York: Rosen Central Primary Sources, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Lincoln National Life Foundation. Lincoln's Beard: Photostat Reproductions of correspondence between Abraham Lincoln and Grace Bedell. Fort Wayne, IN: Lincolniana Publishers, 1933. Book Primary 1933
Graebner, Norman A. "1848: Southern Politics at the Crossroads." Historian 25, no. 1 (1963): 14-35. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Foletta, Marshall. "Angelina Grimke: Asceticism, Millenarianism, and Reform." New England Quarterly 80, no. 2 (2007): 179-217. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Nardo, Don. The Mexican-American War.  America's Wars. San Diego, CA: Lucent Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Thomas, Donna. “Ambrose E. Burnside and Army Reform, 1850-1881.” Rhode Island History 37 (February 1978): 3-13. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Parker, John A. “How James Buchanan was Made President, and by Whom.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 13 (July 1905): 81-87. Journal Article Secondary 1905
Dupree, Stephen A. Planting the Union Flag in Texas: The Campaigns of Major General Nathaniel P. Banks in the West. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Stewart, John D. “The Great Winnebago Chieftain: Simon Cameron’s Rise to Power, 1860-1867.” Pennsylvania History 39 (1972): 20-39.
Journal Article Secondary 1972
Morel, Lucas E. "The Dred Scott Dissents: Mclean, Curtis, Lincoln, and the Public Mind." Journal of Supreme Court History 32, no. 2 (2007): 133-151. Journal Article Secondary 2007