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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
McClintock, John. Sketches of Eminent Methodist Ministers. New York: Carlton & Phillips, 1854. Book Primary 1854
Phay, Wilbert L. John Brown's Family in Red Bluff. Chico, CA: Association for Northern California Records and Research, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Warden, Robert B. A Voter's Version of the Life and Character of Stephen Arnold Douglas. Columbus, OH: Follett, Foster, and Company, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Clifford, Deborah Pickman. Mine Eyes Have Seen The Glory: A Biography of Julia Ward Howe. Boston: Little, Brown, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Renda, Lex. Running on the Record: Civil War-Era Politics in New Hampshire. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997.
Book Secondary 1997
Muelder, Owen W. "Freedom Depot." Illinois Heritage 9, no. 3 (2006): 9-11. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Myers, Lee. "Illinois Volunteers in New Mexico, 1847-1848." New Mexico Historical Review 47, no. 1 (1972): 5-31. Journal Article Secondary 1972
DeCaro, Louis A. "Fire from the Midst of You": A Religious Life of John Brown. New York: New York University Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
McClintock, John, and Joseph R. Chandler. A First Book in Latin. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1858. Book Primary 1858
Wells, Damon. Stephen Douglas: The Last Years, 1857-1861. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971. Book Secondary 1971
Stevens, Thaddeus, Beverly Wilson Palmer, and Holly Byers Ochoa. The Selected Papers of Thaddeus Stevens. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997. Book Primary 1997
Fehrenbacher, Don Edward. The South and Three Sectional Crises. Walter Lynwood Fleming Lectures in Southern History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980. Book Secondary 1980
Whitney, Henry C. Lincoln the Citizen. Vol. 1 of Life of Lincoln. Edited by Marion Mills Miller. New York: Baker & Taylor Co., 1908. Book Primary 1908
Baker, Eric. "A Yankee Lieutenant Rides the Underground Railroad." Military Images 15, no. 4 (1994): 12-15. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Huston, James L. "Southerners Against Secession: The Arguments of the Constitutional Unionists in 1850-51." Civil War History 46, no. 4 (2000): 281-299. Journal Article Secondary 2000
McClintock, John. A Second Book in Latin. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1853. Book Primary 1853
Willis, Henry Parker. Stephen A. Douglas. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs & Co., 1910. Book Secondary 1910
Wilson, James Grant and John Fiske. Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1888. Book Secondary 1888
Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman: A Life of William Tecumseh Sherman. New York: Random House, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Donald, David Herbert. "1860: The Road Not Taken." Smithsonian 35, no. 7 (October 2004): 54-56. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Navarro, Armando. "Evolution of Chicano Politics." Aztlan 5 (Spring 1974): 57-84. Journal Article Secondary 1974
McClintock, John, and John T. Short. Lectures on Theological Encyclopaedia and Methodology. Cincinnati: Hitchcock and Walden, 1873. Book Primary 1873
Osborne, John and James Gerencser. "Dickinson Chronicles." Web Site Tertiary 2008
Johnson, Rossiter. The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904. Book Secondary 1904

Marszalek, John F. Sherman: A Soldier's Passion for Order. New York: Free Press, 1993.

Book Secondary 1993
Johnson, William S. Nineteenth-Century Photography: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Bromley, Isaac H. “Historic Moments: The Nomination of Lincoln.” Scribner’s Magazine 14 (November 1893): 645-657. Journal Article Primary 1893
Herndon, William H., and Jesse W. Weik. Herndon’s Lincoln. Edited by Douglas L. Wilson and Rodney O. Davis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Carwardine, Richard J. Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Donlan, Leni. Working for Change: The Struggle for Women's Rights. Chicago: Raintree, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Huston, James L. "The Experiential Basis of the Northern Antislavery Impulse." Journal of Southern History 56, no. 4 (November 1990): 609-640. Journal Article Secondary 1990
Olin, Stephen, and John McClintock. Greece and the Golden Horn. New York: Carlton & Phillips, 1854. Book Primary 1854
American Council of Learned Societies. "American National Biography Online." Web Site Secondary 2000
Brown, John Howard. Lamb’s Biographical Dictionary of the United States. Boston: James H. Lamb Company, 1900. 
Book Secondary 1900
Flood, Charles Bracelen. Grant and Sherman: The Friendship that won the Civil War. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Meredith, Roy. Mr. Lincoln's Camera Man, Mathew B. Brady. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1946. Book Secondary 1946
Briggs, John Channing. Lincoln's Speeches Reconsidered. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Ecelbarger, Gary. The Great Comeback: How Abraham Lincoln Beat the Odds to Win the 1860 Presidential Nomination. New York: St. Martins Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Sharrow, Walter G. “William Henry Seward: A Study in Nineteenth Century Politics and Nationalism, 1855-1861.” Ph.D. thesis, University of Rochester, 1964. Thesis Advanced Secondary 1964
Huston, James L. "The Panic of 1857, Southern Economic Thought, and the Patriarchal Defense of Slavery." Historian 46, no. 2 (1984): 163-186. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Neely, Mark E., Jr. "War and Partisanship: What Lincoln Learned from James K. Polk." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 74, no. 3 (1981): 199-216. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Williams, William R., Henry Ward Beecher, Henry W. Bellows, Stephen H. Tyng, Charles S. Robinson, William Ives Budington, and John McClintock. Our Martyr President, Abraham Lincoln: Voices from the Pulpit of New York and Brooklyn. New York: Tibbals & Whiting, 1865. Book Primary 1865
Fleming, Walter Lynwood. The South in the Building of the Nation. Richmond, VA: The Southern Historical Publication Society, 1909. Book Secondary 1909
Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman's Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985.
Book Secondary 1985
Gamber, Wendy. The Boardinghouse in Nineteenth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Proceedings of the First Three Republican National Conventions of 1856, 1860 and 1864. Minneapolis: Charles W. Johnson, 1893. Book Primary 1893
Johannsen, Robert Walter. Stephen A. Douglas. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Huston, James L. "Western Grains and the Panic of 1857." Agricultural History 57, no. 1 (1983): 14-32. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Neely, Mark E., Jr. "Lincoln and the Mexican War: An Argument by Analogy." Civil War History 24, no. 1 (1978): 5-24. Journal Article Secondary 1978
McClintock, John, and James Strong. Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1889. Book Secondary 1889
May, Robert E. John A. Quitman: Old South Crusader. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985. Book Secondary 1985
Santella, Andrew. James Buchanan. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Trudeau, Noah Andre. Southern Storm: Sherman's March to the Sea. New York: Harper, 2008.
Book Secondary 2008
Woods, Henry Ernest, ed. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Vol. 59. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1905. Book Secondary 1905
Gilje, Paul A. "The Rise of Capitalism in the Early Republic." Journal of the Early Republic 16, no. 2 (Summer 1996): 159-181. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Wunder, John R., and Joann M. Ross, eds. The Nebraska-Kansas Act of 1854. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Wendt, Lloyd. "Swift Walker": An Informal Biography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. Chicago: Regnery Books, 1986.
Book Secondary 1986
Smith, Anna Bustill. "The Bustill Family." Journal of Negro History 10, no. 4 (October 1925): 638-644. Journal Article Secondary 1925
Nelson, Anna Kasten. "Secret Agents and Security Leaks: President Polk and the Mexican War." Journalism Quarterly 52, no. 1 (1975): 9-14. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Robinson, Armstead L. "In the Shadow of Old John Brown: Insurrection Anxiety and Confederate Mobilization, 1861-1863." Journal of Negro History 65, no. 4 (Autumn 1980): 279-297. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Taylor, George Lansing, and John McClintock. Six Centenary Hyms for the use of Centenary Meetings and Celebrations. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1866. Book Primary 1866
Phillips, Christopher. Missouri's Confederate: Claiborne Fox Jackson and the Creation of Southern Identify in the Border West. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Young, Jeff C. James Buchanan. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Books, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Crapol, Edward P. James G. Blaine: Architect of Empire. Wilmington, DE: SR Books, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Stampp, Kenneth M. The Imperiled Union: Essays on the Background of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Book Secondary 1980
Nalty, Bernard C. "At All Times Ready: The Marines at Harper's Ferry." Marine Corps Gazette 43, no. 10 (1959): 32-37. Journal Article Secondary 1959
Nelson, Anna Kasten. "Mission to Mexico - Moses Y. Beach, Secret Agent." New-York Historical Society Quarterly 59, no. 3 (1975): 226-245. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Greene, A. Wilson. Civil War Petersburg: Confederate City in the Crucible of War. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Jameson, J. Franklin. Dictionary of United States History, 1492-1895. Boston: Puritan Publishing Co., 1894. Book Secondary 1894
Mott, Lucretia. A Sermon to the Medical Students, Delivered by Lucretia Mott, at Cherry Street Meeting House, Philadelphia. Philadelphia: W.B. Zeiber, 1849. Book Primary 1849
May, Robert E. The Southern Dream of a Caribbean Empire, 1854-1861. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Souter, Gerry and Janet Souter. James Buchanan: Our Fifteenth President. Chanhassen, MN: Child’s World, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Roll, Charles. Colonel Dick Thompson: The Persistent Whig. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1948. Book Secondary 1948
Narlock, Stacie, and Holly Teasdale. "The Underground Railroad: Little Known Jewish Connections." Michigan Jewish History 45 (2005): 51-57. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Smith, Earl. "William Cooper Nell on the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850." Journal of Negro History 66 (1981): 37-40. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Kenzer, Robert C. Kinship and Neighborhood in a Southern Community: Orange County, North Carolina, 1849-1861. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
May, Robert E. The Union, the Confederacy, and the Atlantic Rim. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Joseph, Paul. James Buchanan. Edina, MN: Abdo Pub. Co., 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Allen, W. C. History of Halifax County. Boston: The Cornhill Company, 1918. Book Secondary 1918
Coulter, E. Merton. “Amnesty for All Except Jefferson Davis: The Hill-Blaine Debate of 1876.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 56 (Winter 1972): 453-494. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Christ, Mark K., ed. Rugged and Sublime: The Civil War in Arkansas. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Nash, Roderick W. "William Parker and the Christiana Riot." Journal of Negro History 46, no. 1 (January 1961): 24-31. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Smith, Gene. "Climbing the Hill to Freedom." American Legacy: Magazine of African-American History and Culture 10, no. 2 (2004): 20-26. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Nichols, Edward J. Zach Taylor's Little Army. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Dew, Charles B. Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Baker, Jean H. Sisters: The Lives of America's Suffragists. New York: Hill and Wang, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Stampp, Kenneth M. America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Banks, James A. United States: Adventures in Time and Place. New York: McGraw-Hill School Division, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Spooner, Lysander. The Unconstitutionality of Slavery. Boston: Bela Marsh, 1845. Book Primary 1845
Lawson, John D. American State Trials. St. Louis, MO: F. H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1914. Book Secondary 1914
Jackson, Ronald Vern, Altha Polson, and Shirley Pearl Jackson. James Buchanan Ancestry. Bountiful, UT: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1980.  Book Secondary 1980
Welles, Edgar Thaddeus, ed. Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy under Lincoln and Johnson. 3 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911. Book Primary 1911
Middleton, Stephen. Ohio and the Antislavery Activities of Attorney Salmon Portland Chase, 1830-1849. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Young, Jesse Bowman. What A Boy Saw in the Army: A Story of Sight-Seeing and Adventure in the War for the Union. New York: Hunt & Eaton, 1894.
Book Primary 1894
Sellers, Charles Grier. The Market Revolution: Jacksonian America, 1815-1846. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Drescher, Seymour. "Servile Insurrection and John Brown's Body in Europe." Journal of American History 80, no. 2 (1993): 499-524. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Nihart, Brooke. "A New York Regiment in California, 1846-1848." Military Collector & Historian 21, no. 1 (1969): 1-11. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Grimsted, David. American Mobbing, 1828-1861: Toward Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Griffith, Elisabeth. In Her Own Right: The Life of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984. Book Secondary 1984
Holt, Michael F. The Fate of Their Country: Politicians, Slavery Extension, and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Hill and Wang, 2004. Book Secondary 2004