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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion. Vol. 2, Secessionists Triumphant, 1854-1861. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Gilman, Daniel Coit, Harry Thurston Peck, and Frank Moore Colby. The New International Encyclopaedia. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1902. Book Secondary 1902
Slaughter, Thomas P. Bloody Dawn: The Christiana Riot and Racial Violence in the Antebellum North. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Bringhurst, Newell G. "Sam Brannan's 1851 Hawaiian Filibustering Expedition: A 'Paradise Postponed.'" Californians 5, no. 5 (1987): 20-23. Journal Article Secondary 1987
Vandenhoff, Anne. “Edward Dickinson Baker.” Pacific Historian 23 (Winter 1979): 1-8. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Chicago (IL) Tribune Book Primary 1850
Ebersole, Mark C. "Abolition Divides the Meeting House: Quakers and Slavery in Early Lancaster County." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 102, no. 1 (2000): 2-27. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Newton, John. Captain John Brown of Harper's Ferry: A Preliminary Incident to the Great Civil War of America. New York: A. Wessels Company, 1902. Book Secondary 1902
Coddon, Karin S., ed. Runaway Slaves. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 2004. Book Primary 2004
Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion. Vol. 1, Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Banner, Lois W. Elizabeth Cady Stanton: A Radical for Woman's Rights. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980. Book Secondary 1980
Young, R. J. "The Political Economy of Black Abolitionists." Afro-Americans in New York Life & History 18, no. 1 (1994): 47-71. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Bruns, Roger, and Bryan Kennedy. "El Presidente Gringo: William Walker and the Conquest of Nicaragua." American History Illustrated 23, no. 10 (1989): 14-20, 46-48. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Channing, William E.  Emancipation. Philadelphia: Merrihew and Thomson, 1841. Book Primary 1841
Vandenhoff, Anne. Edward Dickinson Baker, Western Gentleman, Frontier Lawyer, American Statesman. Auburn, CA: Pony Express Printers, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Castel, Albert. General Sterling Price and the Civil War in the West. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Eby, Cecil D. "The Last Hours of the John Brown Raid: The Narrative of David H. Strother." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 73, no. 2 (1965): 169-177. Journal Article Secondary 1965
Collison, Gary Lee. Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997. Book Secondary 1997
"The Diaries of Sidney George Fisher." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 88, no. 4 (1964): 456-484. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Landon, Fred. "Amherstburg, Terminus of the Underground Railroad." Journal of Negro History 10, no. 1 (1925): 1-9. Journal Article Secondary 1925
Butler, Joseph Thomas. Wheatland, 1848-1868, the Home of James Buchanan. Dover, DE: University of Delaware, 1957. Book Secondary 1957
Benz, Stephen. "William Walker and the Discovery of Central America." Secolas Annals 24 (1993): 96-105. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Channing, William E. Slavery. Boston: James Munroe and Company, 1835. Book Primary 1835
Snigg, John P. “Edward Dickinson Baker—Lincoln’s Forgotten Friend.” Lincoln Herald 53 (Summer 1951): 33-37. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Ponder, Jerry. General Sterling Price’s 1864 Invasion of Missouri. Mason, TX: Ponder Books, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
New York Times
Book Primary 1852
DeRamus, Betty. Forbidden Fruit: Love Stories from the Underground Railroad. New York: Atria Books, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
"The Diaries of Sidney George Fisher." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 86, no. 3 (1962): 319-349. Journal Article Secondary 1962
Pohl, James W. "The Influence of Antoine Henri De Jomini on Winfield Scott's Campaign in the Mexican War." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77, no. 1 (1973): 85-110. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Franklin, John Hope, and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Porter, Dorothy B. "David Ruggles, An Apostle of Human Rights." Journal of Negro History 28 (1943): 23-50. Journal Article Secondary 1943
Tucker, Glenn. Lee and Longstreet at Gettysburg. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Brill, Marlene Targ. James Buchanan: Fifteenth President of the United States. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1988. Book Secondary 1988
Steward, Dick. "John Smith T and the Way West: Filibustering and Expansion on the Missouri Frontier." Missouri Historical Review 89, no. 1 (1994): 48-74. Journal Article Secondary 1994
Taylor, Richard. Destruction and Reconstruction: Personal Experiences of the Late War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879. Book Primary 1879
Channing, William E. Remarks on the Slavery Question, In a Letter to Jonathan Phillips, Esq. Boston: James Munroe and Company, 1839. Book Primary 1839
Shalhope, Robert E. Sterling Price, Portrait of a Southerner. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1971. Book Secondary 1971
Barr, Alwyn, ed. “The Battle of Bayou Bourbeau, November 3, 1863: Colonel Oran M. Roberts' Report.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 6, no. 1 (Winter 1965): 83-91.
Journal Article Primary 1965
Warren, Edward. An Epitome of Practical Surgery, for Field and Hospital. Richmond: West & Johnson, 1863. Book Primary 1863
Jaffa, Harry V. ""Value Consensus" in Democracy: The Issue in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates." The American Political Science Review 52, no. 3 (September 1958): 745-753. Journal Article Secondary 1958
DeVita, James. A Midnight Cry: The Underground Railroad to Freedom, a Musical. Woodstock, IL: Dramatic Pub., 2004. Book Secondary 2004
"The Diaries of Sidney George Fisher." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 88, no. 4 (1964): 181-203. Journal Article Secondary 1962
Polk, James K. Polk: The Diary of a President, 1845-1849, Covering the Mexican War, the Acquisition of Oregon, and the Conquest of California and the Southwest.  Edited by Allan Nevins.  New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1929. Book Primary 1929
Moers, Ellen. Harriet Beecher Stowe and American Literature. Hartford, CT: Stowe-Day Foundation, 1978. Book Secondary 1978
Voss, Frederick. Majestic in his Wrath: A Pictorial Life of Frederick Douglass. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press for the National Portrait Gallery and the National Park Service, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Porter, Dorothy B. "David Ruggles, 1810-1849: Hydropathic Pioneer." Journal of the National Medical Association 48 (1957): 67-72, 130-34. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Baker, Jean H. The Politics of Continuity: Maryland Political Parties from 1858 to 1870. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973. Book Secondary 1973
Chaffin, Tom. "'Sons Of Washington': Narciso Lopez, Filibustering, and U.S. Nationalism, 1848-1851." Journal of the Early Republic 15, no. 1 (1995): 79-108. Journal Article Secondary 1995
O'Sullivan, John Louis. "The Great Nation of Futurity." United States Democratic Review 6, no. 23 (1839): 426-430. Journal Article Primary 1839
Stearns, Edward Josiah. Notes on Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Being a Logical Answer to its Allegations and Inferences against Slavery as an Institution. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Company, 1853. Book Primary 1853
McDonald, William. The Two Rebellions, or, Treason Unmasked. By a Virginian. Richmond: Smith, Bailey, 1865. Book Primary 1865
Adamiak, Stanley J. "American Naval Logistics during the Mexican War, 1846-1848." Military History of the West 28 (1998): 1-18. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Pruyn, Robert N. "A Confederate Veteran's Recollections of Campaigning through Mexico with ‘Old Rough and Ready’." Civil War Times Illustrated 2, no. 6 (1963): 10-15. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Jackson, Ruby West, and Walter T. McDonald. Finding Freedom: The Untold Story of Joshua Glover, Runaway Slave. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Huston, James L. Calculating the Value of the Union: Slavery, Property Rights, and the Economic Origins of the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Wilson, Robert Forrest. Crusader in Crinoline: The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1941. Book Secondary 1941
McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: Norton, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Robboy, Stanley J., and Anita W. Robboy. "Lewis Hayden: From Fugitive Slave to Statesman." New England Quarterly 46, no. 4 (December 1973): 591-613. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Harmon, George Dewey. President James Buchanan’s Betrayal of Governor Robert J. Walker of Kansas. Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1929. Book Secondary 1929
DeLaCova, Antonio Rafael. "Filibusters and Freemasons: The Sworn Obligation." Journal of the Early Republic 17, no. 1 (1997): 95-120. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Drew, Benjamin. The Refugee: Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada: Related by Themselves, with an Account of the History and Condition of the Colored People of Upper Canada. Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, 2004. Book Primary 2004
Allin, Lawrence C. "S. S. Bangor: Harbinger of Destiny." American Neptune 28: 281-224. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Ramage, James A. "John Hunt Morgan and the Kentucky Cavalry Volunteers in the Mexican War." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 81, no. 4 (1983): 343-365. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Lubet, Steven. "John Brown's Trial." Alabama Law Review 52 (2001): 425-465. Journal Article Secondary 2001
McKinney, Gordon B. Zeb Vance: North Carolina's Civil War Governor and Gilded Age Political Leader. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Towers, Frank. "Violence as a Tool of Party Dominance: Election Riots and the Baltimore Know-Nothings, 1854-1860." Maryland Historical Magazine 93, no. 1 (1998): 4-37. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Wilson, Hill Peebles. John Brown, Soldier of Fortune: A Critique. Boston: The Cornhill Company, 1918. Book Secondary 1918
Quarles, Benjamin. Frederick Douglass. Washington, DC: Associated Publishers, 1948. Book Secondary 1948
Klein, Philip Shriver. The Story of Wheatland. Lancaster, PA: The Junior League of Lancaster, 1936. Book Secondary 1936
Ball, Durwood. "Filibusters and Regular Troops in San Francisco, 1851-1855." Military History of the West 28, no. 2 (1998): 161-183. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Harlow, Ralph Volney. Gerrit Smith: Philanthropist and Reformer. New York: H. Holt and Company, 1939. Book Secondary 1939
Amero, Richard W. "The Mexican-American War in Baja California." Journal of San Diego History 30, no. 1 (1984): 49-64. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Rappaport, Armin. The War with Mexico: Why Did it Happen? The Berkeley Series in American History. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Russo, Peggy A., and Paul Finkelman, eds. Terrible Swift Sword: The Legacy of John Brown. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Tucker, Glenn. Zeb Vance: Champion of Personal Freedom. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Blue, Frederick J. Charles Sumner and the Conscience of the North. Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
McCord, Franklin. "J. E. Bailey: A Gentleman of Clarksville." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 23 (1964): 246-268. Journal Article Secondary 1964
Thompson, Ed. Porter. History of the First Kentucky Brigade. Cincinnati: Caxton Publishing House, 1868. Book Primary 1868
Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln: A Relationship in Language, Politics, and Memory. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Horton,  James Oliver and Lois E. Horton. Black Bostonians: Family Life and Community Struggle in the Antebellum North. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Levin, Lewis C. The Union Safe!: The Contest Between Fillmore and Buchanan!: Fremont Crushed!. New York, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Marler, Scott P. "'An Abiding Faith in Cotton': The Merchant Capitalist Community of New Orleans, 1860–1862." Civil War History 54, no. 3 (2008): 247-276. Journal Article Secondary 2008
Birkner, Michael J., moderator. “James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s: A Panel Discussion.” Pennsylvania History 60, no. 3 (1993): 261-287. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Ehrlich, Walter. "Origins of the Dred Scott Case." Journal of Negro History 59, no. 2 (1974): 132-142. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Eisan, Frances K. Saint Or Demon? The Legendary Delia Webster Opposing Slavery. New York: Pace University Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Rathbun, Lyon. "Champions of Mexico in Ante-Bellum America." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (2001): 17-23. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Taylor, Andrew, and Eldrid Herrington, eds. The Afterlife of John Brown. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Blue, Frederick J. No Taint of Compromise: Crusaders in Antislavery Politics. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Dowd, Clement. Life of Zebulon B. Vance. Charlotte, NC: Observer Printing and Publishing House, 1897. Book Secondary 1897
Donald, David Herbert. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Knopf, 1960. Book Secondary 1960
Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass' Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Runyon, Randolph, and William Albert Davis. Delia Webster and the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Kendall, Amos. Secession Letters of Amos Kendall: Also, His Letters to Colonel Orr and President Buchanan. Washington, DC: H. Polkinhorn, 1861. Book Primary 1861
Van Atta, John R. "'A Lawless Rabble”: Henry Clay and the Cultural Politics of Squatters’ Rights, 1832–1841." Journal of the Early Republic 28, no. 3 (2008): 337-378. Journal Article Secondary 2008
Hindle, Brooke. Emulation and Invention. New York: New York University Press, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Ceremonies at the Reception of Welcome to the Colored Soldiers of Pennsylvania, in the City of Harrisburg, Nov. 14th, 1865, by the Garnet League (Harrisburg: Telegraph Steam Book and Job Office, 1865).
Book Primary 1865
Bishop, Erin I. "Teaching Lincoln at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum." Magazine of History 21 (2007): 39. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Staz, Ronald N. "African Slave Trade and Lincoln's Campaign of 1858." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 65, no. 3 (1972): 269-279. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Arndt, Jochen S. "The Highly Effective First Mississippi Volunteer Regiment in the Mexican War, 1846-1848." Journal of Mississippi History 69, no. 1 (2007): 63-78. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Rees, David. "Texas, Buena Vista, and the Mexican War." Journal of the Royal United Service Institute 105, no. 620 (1960): 525-529. Journal Article Secondary 1960