Note Cards


Date Event
07/17/1858 John Anthony Quitman, Mexican War general and Mississippi advocate of secession, dies on his plantation in Natchez
11/21/1859 New governor of Mississippi is inaugurated in Jackson and calls for a convention of southern states
11/30/1859 South Carolina statehouse raises the idea of a "Southern Confederacy"
12/12/1859 Senator Gwin of California hints in the Senate that his state could join the South if the Union breaks up
12/20/1859 Southern students from Philadelphia's medical schools meet and vote to leave for the South
12/21/1859 Southern students make a mass exodus from Philadelphia's medical schools
12/22/1859 Governor Wise of Virginia meets with southern medical students returned from Philadelphia
01/03/1860 Large political meeting in favor of the Union held in Maysville, Kentucky
01/11/186001/14/1860 The Alabama Democratic Convention meets in Montgomery and formulates the "Alabama Platform"
01/12/1860 South Carolina sends Christopher Memminger to discuss the sectional crisis with the Virginia legislature
01/17/1860 Louisiana Governor Wickliffe recommends economic self-defense for the South
01/19/1860 South Carolina Commissioner Christopher Memminger speaks for four hours before the Virginia legislature
02/13/1860 Virginia rejects South Carolina's call for a convention of southern states
02/18/1860 Virginia Democrats urge participation in the proposed convention of southern states
07/08/1860 In Texas, devastating fires strike Dallas and other parts of Denton County
07/17/1860 Texas newspaper editor accuses abolitionists of planning to launch a slave revolt in the state
08/09/1860 South Carolina congressman calls for secession should Abraham Lincoln win the general election
09/13/1860 Reverend Anthony Bewley, a white Methodist preacher, lynched in Fort Worth, Texas
09/25/1860 In Maryland, Breckinridge supporter William Yancey of Alabama speaks before a large crowd in Easton
10/19/186010/28/1860 Stephen Douglas makes his final campaign tour, through the Deep South
10/20/1860 In Charleston, South Carolina, the city's elite militia unit offers its services to the state
10/25/1860 South Carolina's political leadership meets to decide on secession should Lincoln win the presidency
10/29/186011/05/1860 Stephen Douglas ends his presidential campaign with speeches in Georgia and Alabama
11/03/1860 William T. Sherman, teaching in Louisiana, writes to his wife about local attitudes on the election
11/07/1860 In Charleston, South Carolina U.S. District Court Judge A.G. Magrath dissolves his federal court and resigns
11/08/1860 Philadelphia Democrats urge the South not to take precipitous action over the Republican victory
11/09/1860 In New York, Southern medical students enrolled in the city's schools meet to decide on their future
11/10/1860 In Washington D.C., South Carolinian James Chesnut, Jr. becomes the first Southern senator to resign his seat
11/10/1860 Louisiana native Major Pierre G.T. Beauregard appointed as the next Superintendent of West Point
11/10/1860 William T. Sherman writes to his wife from Louisiana about the election
11/11/1860 In Washington D.C., the second South Carolina senator, James Henry Hammond, resigns his seat
11/15/1860 U.S. naval units secure the forts of the Florida Keys against secessionist takeover
11/17/1860 In Alabama, a Montgomery meeting nominates William Yancey and Thomas Watts for the secession convention
11/21/1860 As specie flows South, New York banks agree to work in concert to stabilize markets
11/21/186011/22/1860 Financial disruption verges on panic and Virginia banks suspend specie payments
11/22/1860 Philadelphia banks suspend specie payments
11/23/1860 William T. Sherman writes to his wife from Louisiana that she stay in Ohio
11/24/186011/25/1860 The coldest night of the year does not cool secessionist fervor in the South Carolina state capital
11/26/1860 Governor John J. Pettus of Mississippi calls for a state convention to consider secession
11/26/1860 In Louisville, Kentucky, a large Unionist meeting resolves to support the Constitution and seek compromise
11/27/1860 In Columbia, the Governor of South Carolina delivers his annual message to the state legislature
11/28/1860 Commander of federal forces in Charleston, South Carolina asks again for area forts to be manned
11/28/1860 Texas Governor Sam Houston calls for all Southern governors to meet in conference at Austin
11/29/1860 Thanksgiving Day is celebrated across the country
12/01/1860 Philadelphia textile manufacturers put their factories on half-time production
12/03/1860 Abolitionist meeting to commemorate John Brown broken up in Boston
12/04/1860 In Washington, the U.S. House creates its "Committee of Thirty-Three" on the sectional crisis
12/04/1860 President Buchanan's annual message to Congress is delivered to Capital Hill
12/06/1860 Buchanan's Secretary of the Treasury recommends secession to his home state of Georgia
12/06/1860 South Carolina voters elect delegates to its Secession Convention
12/08/1860 In Washington DC, President Buchanan meets with the South Carolina congressional delegation
12/08/1860 Secretary of the Treasury Howell Cobb resigns from the Buchanan Cabinet
12/09/1860 Congressman John Sherman urges his brother William to return to Ohio from Louisiana
12/12/1860 Midshipman William Barker Cushing writes of "the huge weight of the crisis" on the U.S. Naval Academy
12/12/1860 Philip Francis Thomas of Maryland becomes Secretary of the Treasury, replacing Howell Cobb
12/13/1860 Mass meeting in Philadelphia's Independence Square endorses the Union and conciliation with South
12/13/1860 Southern senators and congressmen meet in Washington and produce the "Southern Manifesto"
12/14/1860 Francis Pickens is elected as the new governor of the state of South Carolina
12/14/1860 President Buchanan designates January 4, 1861 as a national day of fasting and prayer
12/14/1860 Secretary of State Lewis Cass resigns over the non-reinforcement of federal forts in South Carolina
12/15/1860 Philadelphia's mayor instructed to transmit recent city resolutions for conciliation to South Carolina
12/17/1860 Commissioners from Mississippi and Alabama speak to the South Carolina Secession Convention
12/17/1860 In Columbia, South Carolina's Convention on secession opens with a morning session
12/17/1860 Mississippi secession commissioner William L. Harris urges Georgia legislature to support secession
12/17/1860 South Carolina governor asks President Buchanan's permission to occupy Fort Sumter with state troops
12/18/1860 Buchanan's Secretary of the Interior arrives in North Carolina to lobby that state for secession
12/18/1860 Governor Hicks refuses to call the Maryland legislature to hear the Mississippi secession commissioner
12/18/1860 President Buchanan sends Caleb Cushing to ask South Carolina to postpone its Secession Convention
12/18/1860 Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky introduces his Compromise in the United States Senate
12/18/1860 South Carolina governor orders militia to patrol Charleston Harbor between Forts Moultrie and Sumter
12/18/1860 South Carolina's Convention on secession moves to Charleston to avoid smallpox outbreak
12/19/1860 Mississippi secession commissioner tells a large Baltimore crowd that "slavery was ordained by God"
12/19/1860 Senator Andrew Johnson of Tennessee defends the Union on the floor of the U.S. Senate
12/19/1860 U.S. Senate confirms well-known Democrat lawyer Edwin M. Stanton as Attorney-General
12/20/1860 South Carolina secedes from the Union and declares itself "an independent commonweath"
12/21/1860 New Orleans celebrates the secession of South Carolina
12/21/1860 Speaker of the U.S. House refuses resignations of the South Carolina congressional delegation
12/22/1860 In Memphis, U.S. Senator Andrew Johnson of Tennessee is hanged in effigy
12/22/1860 In New York City, William H. Seward says in a speech that disunion will be avoided
12/22/1860 In Pennsylvania, mass Union meeting at the Carlisle courthouse resolves that secession is illegal
12/23/1860 Hundred foot flagpole flying the South Carolina flag vandalized in Petersburg, Virginia
12/23/1860 Senator Robert A. Toombs recommends that his Georgia constituents vote for secession
12/24/1860 In New Orleans, a massive meeting endorses candidates for the upcoming secession convention
12/26/1860 South Carolina's commissioners to the United States arrive and take up residence in Washington
12/26/1860 Under cover of night in Charleston Harbor, Major Anderson consolidates his forces at Fort Sumter
12/27/1860 Alabama's commissioner to Kentucky warns Governor Magoffin of race war under Republican rule
12/27/1860 Commander of the U.S. Revenue cutter in Charleston Harbor turns his vessel over to South Carolina
12/27/1860 In Pennsylvania, a large public meeting in Pittsburgh resolves to block transfers of cannon to the South
12/27/1860 In the United States Senate, Albert G. Brown of Mississippi insists on the definition of slaves as property
12/27/1860 Secretary of War Floyd demands that the Cabinet permit withdrawal of federal forces from Charleston
12/27/1860 South Carolina militia occupy Fort Moultrie and Castle Pinckney in Charleston Harbor
12/28/1860 Postmaster-General Holt threatens action over South Carolina's seizure of U.S. Post Office accounts
12/28/1860 South Carolina seizes the U.S. Customs House and the U.S. Post Office buildings in Charleston
12/28/1860 South Carolina's commissioners to the United States present their credentials and explain their mission
12/29/1860 Secretary of War John B. Floyd of Virginia resigns and is replaced by Postmaster-General Joseph Holt
12/30/1860 In Charleston, South Carolina militia seize the federal arsenal and begin issuing arms and ammunition
12/30/1860 President Buchanan replies to the South Carolina's commissioners as "private gentlemen"
12/31/1860 In the U.S. Senate, packed galleries cheer Senator Benjamin of Louisiana's defiant speech
12/31/1860 Secretary of Navy orders U.S.S. Brooklyn to prepare to sail from Hampton Roads in Virginia
01/01/1861 Alabama's secession commissioner warns Delaware of slave insurrection under Republican rule
01/01/1861 General Winfield Scott orders Captain Charles Stone to put the District of Columbia Militia under arms
01/01/1861 Governor Pickens declares South Carolina waters, especially Charleston Harbor, off-limits to U. S. vessels
01/01/1861 South Carolina redefines treason, to be punished with "death without benefit of clergy"
01/02/1861 Captain Charles Stone takes up his duties at the head of the District of Columbia Militia
01/03/1861 Delaware state legislature votes overwhelmingly to stay in the Union
01/03/1861 In North Carolina, Governor Ellis orders his state militia to occupy key federal forts
01/03/1861 On the Senate floor, Stephen Douglas warns of the danger of the moment and calls for compromise
01/03/1861 The Florida state convention on secession assembles in Tallahassee
01/04/1861 Alabama state troops seize the massive arsenal at Mount Vernon in Mobile County
01/04/1861 In Alabama, voting underway to elect delegates to the state's secession convention
01/04/1861 National day of "fasting, humiliation, and prayer" takes place throughout the United States
01/05/1861 Chartered steamship sails from New York City bound for Charleston and the resupply of Fort Sumter
01/07/1861 Alabama's secession convention assembles in Montgomery
01/07/1861 Mississippi's Secession Convention assembles in Jackson, the state capital
01/07/1861 The Bank of England raises its discount rate as financial disruption in the United States effects Europe
01/08/1861 From the capital, Dickinson alumni L. Q. Washington leaks the secret reinforcement of Fort Sumter
01/08/1861 Jacob Thompson of Mississippi resigns as the Buchanan Administration's Secretary of the Interior
01/08/1861 Mississippi's Secession Convention appoints a committee to draw up an ordinance of secession
01/09/1861 Federal resupply ship for Fort Sumter fired on outside Charleston Harbor and forced to retreat
01/09/1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union
01/09/1861 North Carolina militia seize Fort Johnston and Fort Caswell at the mouth of the Cape Fear River
01/10/1861 In Baton Rouge, Louisiana militia take control of massive stocks of arms at the Federal Arsenal
01/10/1861 In Pensacola Bay, U.S. Army Lieutenant Adam J. Slemmer consolidates his forces in Fort Pickens
01/10/1861 In Tallahassee, the Florida secession convention votes by 62-7 to leave the United States
01/11/1861 Alabama secedes from the Union
01/11/1861 In Rochester, New York, a pro-compromise pro-Union crowd breaks up an abolition meeting
01/11/1861 In Tallahassee, the formal Ordinance of Secession is signed on the capitol steps and Florida secedes
01/11/1861 Louisiana militia seize Forts Saint Philip and Jackson at the mouth of the Mississippi River
01/11/1861 Marylander Philip F. Thomas resigns after one month as Secretary of the Treasury
01/12/1861 Florida and Alabama militias seize the Pensacola Navy Yard and Fort Barracas
01/12/1861 In Philadelphia, southern students disrupt a program of patriotic tunes at the Academy of Music
01/12/1861 New York City's First Division, New York State Militia volunteers its services to state governor
01/13/1861 Mississippi militia at Vicksburg fire warning shots across bows of Cincinnati to New Orleans riverboat
01/13/1861 Washington pays Governor Pickens what he is owed, from the newly seized Charleston Sub-Treasury
01/14/1861 From his bench in New York City, U.S. District Court Judge David Smalley defines high treason
01/14/1861 Hinton Helper's scheduled lecture postponed in New York City due to fears of mob action
01/14/1861 In Pennsylvania, a Carlisle courthouse meeting debates the Crittenden Compromise
01/15/1861 In Harrisburg, Andrew Gregg Curtin sworn in as the Pennsylvania's first Republican governor
01/16/1861 Georgia's secession convention assembles in Milledgeville
01/16/1861 Large and contentious meeting opposing coercion of the South held in Philadelphia
01/16/1861 Maine legislature offers men and money to sustain the Union
01/18/1861 The Bank of England replenishes its gold reserves as American financial disruption effects Europe
01/19/1861 Georgia secedes from the Union
01/19/1861 Philadelphia's labor leaders endorse compromise but also recommend defensive force if needed
01/20/1861 In Connecticut, Southern students hoist the Palmetto Flag over Yale College's Alumni Hall
01/21/1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi resigns from the United States Senate
01/21/1861 Militia and police in New York City respond to rumors of an assault on the Brooklyn Naval Yard
01/22/1861 New York City police seize almost a thousand muskets bound for Alabama
01/23/1861 Louisiana's secession convention assembles in Baton Rouge
01/24/1861 Georgia troops seize the federal arsenal at Augusta
01/26/1861 A mass meeting of Philadelphia workingmen supports compromise and the Union
01/26/1861 Louisiana secedes from the Union
01/28/1861 Major Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard is removed from his post as Superintendent of West Point
01/28/1861 Texans gather in Austin for their secession convention
01/29/1861 Treasury Secretary Dix issues his order to "shoot on the spot" anyone hauling down the national flag
01/31/1861 Louisiana seizes the United States Mint and the United States Customs House in New Orleans
02/01/1861 Texas secedes from the Union
02/04/1861 The Convention of Seceding States opens at the State House in Montgomery, Alabama
02/04/186102/27/1861 The Washington Peace Conference is meeting at Willard's Hotel in Washington DC
02/04/1861 Virginians elect delegates to their secession convention
02/06/1861 In Boston, the Massachusetts Legislature amends its Militia Act to allow troops to march out of state
02/08/1861 Georgia seizes New York ships in reprisal for New York police confiscation of arms bound for Savannah
02/08/1861 In Arkansas, local militia seize the U.S. Arsenal at Little Rock
02/08/1861 The Convention of Seceding States passes the provisional constitution of the Confederate States
02/09/1861 In a statewide poll, Tennessee votes against holding a secession convention
02/09/1861 Jefferson Davis selected as Provisional President of the Confederate States
02/09/186103/15/1861 The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States is sitting in Montgomery, Alabama
02/10/1861 Philadelphians gather to cheer a shipment of heavy cannon bound for the defenses of New York Harbor
02/13/186105/01/1861 The Virginia Convention on secession is meeting in Richmond
02/14/1861 In Cumberland County, the secession flag is briefly hoisted in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania
02/16/1861 General Daniel Twiggs surrenders all U.S. Army units and installations to Texas state troops
02/18/1861 Jefferson Davis sworn in as Provisional President of the Confederate States
02/18/186102/19/1861 Secessionists occupy a disused fort in Nebraska overnight but lose it to Unionists in the morning
02/23/1861 A national convention of workingmen meets in Philadelphia
02/23/1861 Texas voters ratify the state's Ordinance of Secession by a large majority
02/27/1861 The Washington Peace Conference presents its proposals to the U.S. Congress
02/28/1861 First Confederate government bond authorized
02/28/1861 North Carolina votes narrowly not to hold a secession convention
03/01/1861 Secretary of War Holt dismisses General Twiggs from the U.S. Army for treachery
03/02/1861 Texas seizes the United States Revenue cutter Henry Dodge in Galveston
03/04/186103/28/1861 In Washington, DC, the United States Senate is sitting in Special Session
03/04/1861 The Confederate States flag, "the Stars and Bars," is adopted in Montgomery, Alabama
03/05/1861 Confederate diplomats arrive in Washington DC
03/05/1861 Jefferson Davis appoints Pierre G.T. Beauregard commanding general of the troops around Fort Sumter
03/06/1861 After weeks of refusal, the commander of Fort Brown in Texas surrenders and marches his men to the coast
03/09/1861 In Montgomery, Alabama, the Confederate Congress passes a bill to create the Confederate Army
03/11/1861 Confederate States Constitution adopted in Montgomery, Alabama
03/11/1861 In Washington, DC, Confederate diplomats request a meeting with the U.S. Secretary of State
03/15/1861 Secretary of State Seward refuses to recognize the Confederate diplomats sent to Washington DC
03/16/1861 The Congress of the Confederate States ends its first session in Montgomery, Alabama
03/18/1861 In Florida, Confederate authorities ban the locals from resupplying Fort Pickens and the U.S. Navy
03/21/1861 In Georgia, Vice-President A.H. Stephens pronounces slavery the foundation of the new Confederacy
03/22/1861 In Mississippi, Governor Pettus provides two regiments of infantry to the new Confederate Army
03/26/1861 A secessionist flag flies near the Frankford Arsenal in north-east Philadelphia
03/29/1861 The Philadelphia Methodist Conference urges withdrawal of the Church's new "discipline" on slavery
04/01/1861 In St. Louis, Missouri, a unified anti-Republican ticket takes control of mayor's office and city council
04/01/1861 In Virginia, secessionists raise the Confederate flag in a ceremony near Richmond
04/03/1861 Southern journalist urges the South to reclaim the "Star-Spangled Banner" as a southern patriotic song
04/04/1861 In Richmond, the Virginia Convention rejects secession in a decisive vote
04/06/1861 In Kentucky, Unionist John M. Delph easily wins election as the mayor of Louisville
04/08/1861 President Lincoln gives South Carolina notice that he intends to resupply Fort Sumter
04/10/1861 From Montgomery, the Confederate secretary of war orders immediate action against Fort Sumter
04/11/1861 Federal troops evacuated from Texas arrive in New York Harbor
04/11/1861 General Beauregard demands that Major Anderson surrender Fort Sumter immediately
04/11/1861 In Washington, DC, the District of Columbia militia called out and sworn in for three months
04/12/1861 Beauregard again demands that Major Anderson surrender Fort Sumter immediately
04/12/1861 Off Pensacola, Florida, under cover of night, small boats reinforce the federal garrison at Fort Pickens
04/12/1861 Pennsylvania votes $500,000 for the expansion of its militia
04/13/1861 Major Anderson accepts a ceasefire and prepares to evacuate Fort Sumter
04/14/1861 Major Anderson and his men evacuate Fort Sumter and sail for New York
04/14/1861 Stephen Douglas meets with Lincoln at the White House and pledges his support
04/15/1861 In Philadelphia, angry crowds threaten the offices of the city's southern-based newspaper
04/15/1861 President Abraham Lincoln calls a special early session of the new 37th Congress
04/15/1861 President Lincoln calls for 75,000 troops to suppress the Rebellion and enforce United States law
04/15/1861 Secretary of War Cameron outlines his quotas of volunteers to state governors
04/15/1861 The governor of North Carolina sends an immediate refusal to provide troops for the Union
04/16/1861 Governor Magoffin of Kentucky refuses troops for "the wicked purpose" of subduing the South
04/16/1861 In Philadelphia, Mayor Alexander proclaims both against treason and popular disorder in the city
04/16/1861 Reading, Pennsylvania militia artillery unit called to service arrives in Harrisburg
04/17/1861 At the House of Delegates in Richmond, the Virginia Convention votes for secession
04/17/1861 Confederate president invites applications for "letters of Marque and Reprisal"
04/18/1861 In Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the Democratic newspaper denounces "Old Abe's War"
04/18/186104/19/1861 Union garrison at Harpers Ferry burns the Arsenal and withdraws in an overnight march to Pennsylvania
04/19/1861 Baltimore rioters mount a deadly attack on the Sixth Massachusetts in the streets of the city
04/19/186104/20/1861 Marylanders in sympathy with the South burn railroad bridges linking Philadelphia with Washington DC
04/20/1861 At Dickinson College, the Junior and Senior classes request the end of term be brought forward
04/20/1861 First company of volunteers from Carlisle, Pennsylvania leaves for training, equipment, and service
04/20/1861 In Carlisle, Pennsylvania, a public meeting condemns the South and strongly supports the war
04/20/1861 Remarkable gathering of 100,000 New Yorkers in Union Square in support of suppressing the rebellion
04/21/1861 In Pennsylvania, the Carlisle Fencibles are officially mustered in as Pennsylvania Volunteers
04/21/1861 North Carolina authorities seize the branch United States Mint in Charlotte
04/22/1861 In Knoxville, editor "Parson" Brownlow famously rejects invitation to enlist in Confederate army
04/22/1861 In Philadelphia, the empty Girard House Hotel becomes a giant army uniform factory
04/22/1861 Pennsylvania suffers its first war fatality when a Philadelphia militiaman hurt in the Baltimore Riot dies
04/22/1861 Philadelphia's enlistments since the attack on Fort Sumter approach ten thousand
04/24/1861 In Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the Democratic newspaper swings into line in support of the war
04/24/1861 U.S. Government takes over the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Delaware Railroad
04/25/1861 At Dickinson College in Pennsylvania, students are leaving for home in large numbers
04/25/1861 In Carlisle, Pennsylvania, James Colwell is appointed first lieutenant of the Carlisle Fencibles
04/29/1861 In Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Dickinson College students are finding it difficult to attend class
04/29/1861 In Frederick, Maryland, the state's House of Delegates votes down secession
04/29/1861 The Congress of the Confederate States opens a special session session in Montgomery, Alabama
04/30/186105/20/1861 The Congress of the Confederate States is sitting in special session session in Montgomery, Alabama
05/04/1861 President Lincoln's twenty day grace period for the rebellion to "disperse" expires
05/10/1861 In Missouri, Federal forces arrest 639 pro-secession St Louis militiamen and face city mobs in response
05/11/1861 Violence continues on the streets of St. Louis as pro-Union militia battle with pro-Confederate mobs
05/16/1861 With war in the United States underway, the Bank of England raises its discount rate again
05/24/1861 The Kentucky Senate votes for neutrality but resolves to hold with the Union
06/01/1861 In Virginia, Captain John Quincy Marr becomes the first Confederate officer to die in the Civil War.
07/04/1861 The 37th Congress opens in Washington, DC
08/20/1861 The Wheeling Convention of the western Virginia counties passes an ordinance setting up a new state
09/04/1861 Confederate troops invade western Kentucky and bring the state's efforts to remain neutral to an end
11/18/1861 In Union-occupied North Carolina, loyalists meet in convention, rescind secession, and name a new governor
11/25/1861 In Paducah, Kentucky, Union officers clash over the treatment of a local secessionist
11/26/186102/18/1862 In Wheeling, the elected West Virginia convention is meeting to write a constitution for the new state
11/28/1861 In Richmond, the Confederate Congress votes to admit Missouri as the Confederacy's eleventh state
12/03/1861 The Wheeling Convention votes to drop the provisional name "Kanawha" in favor of "West Virginia"
12/04/1861 U.S.S. Hartford returns home from Asia with four officers who had declared for the Confederacy
12/31/1861 As the year closes, the armed forces of the United States reach a strength of more than 680,000 men
01/09/1862 U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee votes to expel Missouri Senators Waldo Johnson and Trusten Polk
01/10/1862 The United States Senate expels Missouri Senators Waldo Johnson and Trusten Polk for treason
03/24/1862 In Cincinnati, Wendell Phillips is forced from the stage as he attempts agitate for abolition and disunion
05/22/1862 The U.S. Senate organizes the impeachment trial of U.S. District Judge West H. Humphreys
06/24/1862 The U.S. Senate trial of U.S. District Judge West H. Humphreys of Tennessee ends with his removal
04/14/1865 In Charleston Harbor, General Robert Anderson re-hoists the United States flag over Fort Sumter
04/17/1865 In North Carolina, CSA General J. E. Johnston opens surrender talks with Union General W. T. Sherman
04/26/1865 In North Carolina, against orders, CSA General J. E. Johnston surrenders the entire Army of the Tennessee
06/17/1865 Notorious secessionist "fire-eater" Edmund Ruffin commits suicide at his Virginia plantation
10/30/1865 The Georgia State Convention votes to repeal the act of Secession passed in its legislature on January 19, 1861