Fanning's Illustrated Gazetteer of the United States.... (New York: Phelps, Fanning & Co., 1853), 154.
HEMPSTEAD COUNTY, situated in the southwestern part of Arkansas, with Little Missouri on the northeast, and Red river on the southwest. Area, 1,150 square miles. Soil, generally sterile. Seat of justice, Washington. Pop. in 1820, 2,489; in 1830, 2,512; in 1840, 4,921; in 1850, 7,672.