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T.D. Rice, black-face minstrel originator of the "Jim Crow" character, dies in New York City

Thomas Dartmouth Rice, detail
09/19/1860
New Yorker Thomas Dartmouth, known as T.D. Rice, or "Daddy" Rice, was a world-famous stage performer who had invented and popularized the black-face minstrel character of "Jim Crow" beginning in the late 1830s.  The dancing African-American character was purportedly based on an actual crippled slave who worked in a livery stable in Louisville, Kentucky near a theater where Rice was performing. Careless with his wealth, Rice died in near poverty in New York City aged fifty-two. (By John Osborne)    
Source Citation: 
Mark Knowles, Tap Roots: The Early History of Tap Dancing (Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Co., 2002), 78-85.  

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How to Cite This Page: "T.D. Rice, black-face minstrel originator of the "Jim Crow" character, dies in New York City," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/33701.