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The Convention of Beijing opens China to Western trade and missionary activity

China, 1857, zoomable map
10/24/1860
With their capital in British and French hand, the Chinese government was forced finally so sign the previously negotiated 1858 Treaty of Tianjin, along with added clauses, at the Convention of Beijing. The agreement essentially opened up China to Western trade and missionary activity, and set up ten "treaty ports" along the coast.  In return Allied troops immediately withdrew from the Chinese interior.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
The Annual Register or a View of the History and Politics of the Year 1860 (London: F. & J. Rivington, 1861), 270.

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How to Cite This Page: "The Convention of Beijing opens China to Western trade and missionary activity," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/33926.