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In Austria-Hungary, Emperor Franz Joseph introduces constitutional reforms

Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, circa 1855, detail
10/20/1860
Franz Joseph I, in an attempt to shore up his Austro-Hungarian Empire both financially and politically, introduced the October Diploma which gave increased powers to regional legislatures.  Designed to expand the power of conservative local land-holders, the reform was a failure and met with significant resistance from liberals opposing federalism.  The October Diploma was replaced by the February Patent in February, 1861.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Peter N. Stearns, William Leonard Langer, The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, chronologically arranged (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001), 505. 

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