Philadelphia textile manufacturers put their factories on half-time production
With Southern customers cancelling orders daily with Northern firms, Philadelphia businessmen met at the Manufacturers' Exchange in the city. They agreed to counsel half-time running at mills manufacturing cotton and woolen goods until the crisis abated. (By John Osborne)
Thomas Scharf and Thompson Wescott, History of Philadelphia 1609-1884, in three volumes (Philadelphia, PA: L.H. Everts & Co., 1884), 1: 738.