In Warsaw, troops fire on a Polish crowd protesting Russian rule and kill five
In Poland, Russian troops fired on a Warsaw crowd refusing to disperse, killing five and injuring many others. Street demonstrations had begun after the earlier funeral of the widow of Polish 1830 hero General Sobinski. The protesters then had organized a "provincial government" and continued in the streets with "unarmed agitation" reportedly designed to provoke violence from troops and raise international awareness of Poland's plight under the Russian Empire. A larger, wider-scale armed uprising broke out in 1863. (By John Osborne)
H. Wickham Steed, Walter Alison Phillips, David Hannay, A Short History of Austria-Hungary and Poland (London: The Encyclopaedia Britannica Co., 1914), 138.