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In downtown St. Louis, Missouri, nervous Union troops, thinking they were shot at, fire on civilians, killing six

Union troops firing on the Recorder's Court, St. Louis, Missouri, June 17, 1861, artist's impression
06/17/1861
The tense atmosphere in St. Louis, Missouri helped cause tragedy when a contingent of Union troops marching on Seventh Street, between Olive and Locust Streets in the city, thinking they had been fired upon, loosed a volley of musket fire.  Much of this struck the building housing the Recorder's Court, which was in session.  Six civilians were reported killed.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P.Putnam, 1861), I: 106.