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At the Big Black River Bridge, Union troops sweep aside a blocking force covering the Confederate retreat to Vicksburg

Civil War Battle, iconic image
05/17/1863
Confederate General John C. Pemberton ordered Brigadier-General Bowen to take three brigades to fortify the east bank of the Big Black River, and its bridge, so as to cover the retreat of his main force.  This Bowen did but three divisions of Union General McClernand's corps swept them aside in a short, sharp fight.  The Confederate forces burned the bridge as they crossed the river in a disorganized retreat having lost hundreds killed or wounded and many more captured.  Pemberton, meanwhile, was able to reach Vicksburg unscathed.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Chronicles of the Great Rebellion Against the United States of America ... (Philadelphia: A. Winch, 1867), 55.