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Union cavalry try to break through the Confederate cavalry screen at Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia

Civil War Battle, iconic image
The Army of Northern Virginia moved north towards Pennsylvania behind a solid Confederate cavalry screen.  In one  of several Union attempts to penetrate this screen, a sharp cavalry battle was fought near the village of Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia.  General Judson Kilpatrick' s Union cavalry clashed with Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Munford and his men in a four hour late afternoon fight. Munford withdrew but the cavalry screen held.  Union losses were around three hundred dead and wounded, while Munford had just over a hundred killed and injured.  (By John Osborne)   
Source Citation: 
Mark Nesbitt, Saber and Scapegoat: J.E.B. Stuart and the Gettysburg Controversy (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994), 46-48.