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Union cavalry try to break through the Confederate cavalry screen at Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia

Civil War Battle, iconic image
06/17/1863
The Army of Northern Virginia moved north towards Pennsylvania behind a solid Confederate cavalry screen.  In one  of several Union attempts to penetrate this screen, a sharp cavalry battle was fought near the village of Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia.  General Judson Kilpatrick' s Union cavalry clashed with Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Munford and his men in a four hour late afternoon fight. Munford withdrew but the cavalry screen held.  Union losses were around three hundred dead and wounded, while Munford had just over a hundred killed and injured.  (By John Osborne)   
Source Citation: 
Mark Nesbitt, Saber and Scapegoat: J.E.B. Stuart and the Gettysburg Controversy (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994), 46-48.