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Recollection in 1864 of the Shelling of Carlisle, July 1, 1863 by George Wood Wingate

George Wood Wingate, circa 1910, detail
George Wood Wingate was a long-time member of Twenty-Second Regiment of the New York Guard, based in New York City. During the invasion of Pennsylvania, the unit was called to service and participated in the defense of Harrisburg and then marched to Carlisle, which the Confederates had just evacuated after a three day occupation. A sergeant in Company A of the regiment at the time, Wingate took an active role in the defense when the Confederates returned with General J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry to attack the town. In a lengthy recollection, written just a year after the engagement, Wingate gives a detailed description of his, and his unit's, part in the action. He describes the generous welcome in the town, the disposition of troops, the bombardment, and the shock at the low number of casualties discovered after it ceased. Wingate stayed with the Guard following the war and reached the rank of brigadier-general of militia. An avid rifleman disappointed with the shooting of his fellow Union soldiers during the war, he was a founder of the National Rifle Association, its first secretary, and served as its president during its formative decades. (By John Osborne)


How to Cite This Page: "Recollection in 1864 of the Shelling of Carlisle, July 1, 1863 by George Wood Wingate," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,