Back to top

At Salem, Virginia, General Averell's Union cavalry raid arrives to destroy rail communications

General Averell's cavalry raid into Virginia, December 8-29, 1863, artist's impression, detail
12/16/1863
A large force of Union cavalry inder General William W. Averell had left New Creek, in West Virginia eight days before and struck with the object of cutting the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. The force arrived at their target near Salem, Virginia and destroyed rail lines, bridges, and several rail and supply depots.  The force then made its escape in a arduous march across the Shenandoah Mountains in cold and freezing rain and returned safely to its base with minimal casualties.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Averil's (sic) Expedition," Harper's Weekly Magazine, January 9, 1864, p. 19. 
How to Cite This Page: "At Salem, Virginia, General Averell's Union cavalry raid arrives to destroy rail communications," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/41583.