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Colonel Peter Pineo to Headquarters, Department of the South, Hilton Head, South Carolina, April 7, 1865

Ruins, Charleston, South Carolina, April 1865, viewed from the porch of the Circular Church
A U.S. Army medical inspector, Colonel Peter Pineo, reported to the headquarters of the Department of the South that sanitation in the newly occupied city of Charleston, South Carolina was in a dangerous condition with warm weather approaching. His recommendations for warding off disease, including the use of tons of lime as a disinfectant, were endorsed three days later by Major General Quincy A. Gilmore. The document illustrates the myriad of immediate matters involved in the occupation of the South, especially the larger cities. (By John Osborne)