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Ulysses S. Grant to Winfield Scott Hancock, Washington D.C., April 19, 1865

Ulysses Simpson Grant, Brady image, detail
Colonel John Singleton Mosby, the famous ranging Virginia cavalry leader, had been told of the surrender arrangements Generals Lee and Grant had agreed at Appomattox Court House and had met under truce with General George H. Chapman, commanding the cavalry division in his area the day before. Mosby and some of his staff, including the Dickinson College alumnus Captain George Baylor, had a cordial meeting with Chapman and told him that he was contemplating joining with General Joseph Johnston's army in North Carolina and instead of surrendering, asked for a extension of the truce while he ascertained whether Johnston's forces were still in action. He said also that he would give his men the individual choice to surrender or not. A clearly angry General U.S. Grant telegraphed from Washington to Chapman's superior, General Winfield Scott Hancock his succinct instructions to hunt down Mosby should he not surrender. Two days later, at Salem, Virginia, Mosby said goodbye to the surviving six hundred men of his command and with fifty others, including Baylor, who had also declined to surrender rode towards North Carolina. These remnants finally surrendered themselves at Winchester, Virginia on May 8, 1865. (By John Osborne)


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