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Edmund Ruffin, Diary Entry, June 17, 1865

Edmund Ruffin, Brady image, detail
Seventy-one year-old South Carolina native Edmund Ruffin, one of the most vocal of secessionist "fireeaters" and the man often credited with firing the first shot at Fort Sumter in 1861, shot himself to death in his study after breakfast at his plantation home of "Redmoor" in Amelia County, Virginia. Ill, impoverished, and fearing legal retribution for his political activities, and disappointed with his fellow Virginians' response to defeat, his last diary entries reflect his complete hatred for "malignant and vile" Northerners and their crimes against the South. (By John Osborne)


How to Cite This Page: "Edmund Ruffin, Diary Entry, June 17, 1865," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,