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In Pennsylvania, a massive head-on collision on the Oil Creek Railroad kills up to nine people and injures many more

Railroad Accidents, iconic image
The spate of summer fatal railroad accidents continued when a freight train collided head-on with a passenger train at high speed around noon outside Titusville, Pennsylvania.  The passenger locomotive tender was driven back into the baggage car and the first of the eight, reportedly overcrowded, passenger cars and a reported nine people were killed there and several others injured. The Oil Creek Railroad came in for significant criticism following the disaster and a coronor's jury ordered the arrest of the freight train's crew.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
"The Titusville Slaughter," Cleveland (Ohio) Leader, August 29, 1865, p. 1.
"Fatal Railroad Disaster: Collision on the Oil Creek Railroad," New York Times, August 25, 1865, p. 1.