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Andrew Johnson, "Proclamation naming Lewis E. Parsons, Jr. provisional governor of Alabama," June 21, 1865, Washington, D.C.

Andrew Johnson, engraving
In this proclamation, President Johnson lays out the constitutional reasoning behind his right to appoint a provisional governor for the state of Alabama. He then appoints Lewis Eliphalet Parsons, with immediate effect, and lays out specific instructions for various federal departments of government to act to secure United States authority in the former Confederate state. Notable is the fact that all local officials need to have taken the loyalty oath and that if insufficient numbers of those thus qualified could be found, loyal citizens from other states could be appointed. Lewis Parsons served as the nineteenth governor until December 1865, when new elections were held under an amended state constitution. (By John Osborne)

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