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The compromise "Tenure of Office Act" passes the U.S. Senate by a vote of twenty-two to ten.

Legislative Iconic image, U.S. Capitol, 2008
02/18/1867

At the start of the "lame duck" session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, U.S. Senator George Williams of Oregon introduced the Tenure of Office Act, a bill Republicans had crafted to limit the ability of President Johnson to dictate policy by removing officials from office without the consent of the legislative branch.  Both houses initially passed the measure before the end of the year but disagreement over the inclusion of certain officials, specifically members of the Cabinet, that the lower House stood firm upon, delayed the final passage of the bill in the Senate until this day. The House agreed the next day but, as expected, President Johnson rejected the bill on March 2, 1867. Both chambers easily over-rode his veto on the same day and the bill became what would be a very important law during the Fortieth Congress.  (By John Osborne).  

Source Citation: 

William MacDonald (ed.), Documentary Source Book of American History, 1606-1913 (New York: Macmillan Company, 1920), 504-507.

How to Cite This Page: "The compromise "Tenure of Office Act" passes the U.S. Senate by a vote of twenty-two to ten.," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/46710.