Note Cards


Date Event
07/02/1848 Danish government plans a ten-year abolition in the Danish West Indies but local slaves demand immediate freedom
05/26/1861 Union General Benjamin Butler declares slaves as "contraband of war"
08/06/1861 President Lincoln signs the First Confiscation Act authorizing the seizure of slaves aiding the Confederacy
08/30/1861 General John C. Fremont declares martial law in Missouri and orders emancipation of slaves in the state
09/11/1861 President Lincoln orders General John C. Fremont to modify his emancipation mandate in Missouri
09/17/1861 In Hampton, Virginia, Mary Smith Peake teaches her first classes for "contrabands"
09/25/1861 U.S. Navy Secretary Gideon Welles authorizes the enlistment of runaway slaves into the naval service
10/01/1861 Moncure Conway publishes "The Rejected Stone" arguing for emancipation
11/02/1861 In Missouri, Major General John C. Frémont resigns as head of the Western Department of the Army
02/22/1862 Mary Smith Peake, teacher of classes for "contrabands," dies of tuberculosis in Hampton, Virginia
03/06/1862 President Lincoln suggests to Congress ways gradually to end slavery in the United States
03/13/1862 A new Article of War forbids the military to return escaped slaves to their former owners
03/24/1862 In Cincinnati, Wendell Phillips is forced from the stage as he attempts agitate for abolition and disunion
03/27/1862 Abolitionist lecture in Burlington, New Jersey ends in chaos and a barrage of rotten eggs
04/02/1862 The United States Senate passes President Lincoln's suggested resolution to help end slavery gradually
04/03/1862 On a party line vote, the U.S. Senate votes to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia
04/07/1862 In Rockville, Maryland Unionists meet to denounce the bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia
04/11/1862 In Washington D.C., the House passes the bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia
04/16/1862 Slavery is abolished in the District of Columbia
04/18/1862 Union forces advance on Stafford County, Virginia
05/09/1862 Without authority, Union General David Hunter declares all slaves in three states "forever free"
05/15/1862 In the Virginia Senate, Senator R. R. Collier opens debate on the centrality of slavery to the South
05/19/1862 President Lincoln declares void Union General David Hunter's South Carolina declaration of emancipation
07/17/1862 President Lincoln signs the Second Confiscation Act authorizing freedom for confiscated slaves
09/01/1862 Moncure Conway becomes co-editor of "The Commonwealth, " an anti-slavery journal
03/17/1863 In Washington, the Senate votes to strike down the color bar on railroad cars in the District of Columbia
05/15/1863 Frederick Douglass speaks at the Academy of Music in Brooklyn
05/20/1863 General John Schofield replaces abolitionist General Samuel Curtis in the Department of the Missouri
05/22/1863 The Army creates the Bureau of Colored Troops to oversee the creation of African-American regiments
05/28/1863 The 54th Massachusetts leaves Boston for active service in South Carolina
06/12/1863 General Hunter takes his leave after an eventful year as head of the Department of the South
06/27/1863 Missouri Convention is hammering out a resolution to end slavery and compensate slaveowners
07/29/1863 In New Orleans, leading Creole citizen Captain Andre Cailloux is given a hero's funeral
02/21/1864 In Baltimore, the first Catholic Church exclusively for the use of African-Americans is dedicated
03/01/1864 In Boston, Rebecca Davis Lee graduates as the first female African-American medical doctor
06/08/1864 The U.S. Congress funds "separate but equal" schools for black children in the District of Columbia
06/23/1864 In Washington D.C., the U.S. Senate votes to repeal all remaining Federal Fugitive Slave Acts
06/25/1864 The U.S. Senate votes to ban exclusion from testifying in United States courts on grounds of race
06/29/1864 The House of Representatives upholds Senate on banning exclusion from U.S. courts on grounds of race
12/07/1864 In Philadelphia, black leaders meet with city transport companies to demand desegregation of their streetcars
01/31/1865 In Philadelphia, white streetcar riders vote overwhelmingly to keep black citizens from city streetcars
01/31/1865 In Washington D.C., the House of Representatives passes the Thirteen Amendment outlawing slavery
03/10/1865 In South Carolina, teenaged domestic slave Amy Spain is hanged for proclaiming herself free
06/19/1865 Landing in Galveston, Union General Gordon Granger decrees that slavery in Texas is at an end.
11/28/1865 Alabama's African-Americans hold their First Freedmen's Convention at Mobile
12/29/1865 After thirty-five years of continuous anti-slavery efforts under its editor William Lloyd Garrison, the Liberator ceases publication
01/25/1866 In Boston, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society rejects a proposal to disband since its work is done
02/07/1866 In Washington, Frederick Douglass leads a delegation of African-American leaders to the White House
03/28/1866 In Madison, the Wisconsin Supreme Court rules that male African-American state citizens have the right to vote