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Flag Officer A.H. Foote, USN to Navy Secretary Gideon Welles, Report on the Battle of Belmont, November 9, 1861

Andrew Hull Foote, detail
Flag Officer Foote reported on a joint army and navy operation down the Mississippi from Cairo, Illinois, completed two days before. A force of two brigades under Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, escorted by U.S. Naval gunboats, had moved down river to attack Confederate concentrations around Columbus, Kentucky. They found that Confederate troops under Gideon Pillow had crossed into Missouri at Belmont. The Union troops overran Pillow before he could be reinforced from across the river, burned his equipment, and returned to their transports. Foote explained the action from the Navy's perspective, pointing out the dangers of such a large concentration of the enemy in Columbus and making some comments on the behavior of some of Union army units involved at Belmont. (By John Osborne)