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British naval units bombard and largely destroy the Japanese city of Kagoshima on the island of Kyushu

British bombardment of Kagoshima, Japan, August 15-17, 1863, artist's impression, zoomable image
08/15/1863 to 08/17/1863
British naval units sailed from Yokohama to the port of Kagoshima on Kyushu to demand reparations for earlier depredations in the region controlled by the anti-western Prince of Satsuma .  When fired upon, the British answered with a full scale bombardment of the city and vessels in the harbor.  Casualties were light but Kagoshima suffered extensive material damage and the Satsuma clan eventually gave up its anti-Westernism. (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Gopal Kshetry, Foreigners in Japan: A Historical Perspective (New York: Xlibris Corporation, 2008), np.