Crawford, Martin Jenkins

Crawford was an important Democratic politician from Georgia who served in both the US Congress and the Confederate Congress. He also served in the Confederate army. Crawford served in the 35th and 36th Congresses with several Dickinsonians, including Marcus Parrott.
Life Span
Full name
Martin Jenkins Crawford
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Death Date Certainty
Sectional choice
Slave State
Other Education
Mercer University
Attorney or Judge
Farmer or Planter
Political Parties
Southern Democratic (1860)
Other Affiliations
Fire-Eaters (Secessionists)
Confederate government (1861-65)
State legislature
State supreme court
State judge
Confederate Army

Martin Jenkins Crawford (Congressional Biographical Directory)

CRAWFORD, Martin Jenkins, a Representative from Georgia; born in Jasper County, Ga., March 17, 1820; attended Brownwood Institute and Mercer University, Macon, Ga.; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1839 and practiced in Hamilton, Ga.; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; member of the State house of representatives 1845-1847; moved to Columbus, Ga., in 1849; delegate to the Southern convention at Nashville in May 1850; judge of the superior courts of the Chattahoochee circuit from February 1, 1854, to November 1854; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth, and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1855, until January 23, 1861, when he withdrew; elected to the Confederate Provisional Congress and served from January 1861 to February 22, 1862; appointed by President Davis a special commissioner to the Government of the United States at Washington; raised the Third Georgia Cavalry Regiment in May 1862; served with it one year, and was then placed on the staff with Maj. Gen. Howell Cobb, where he served until the close of the Civil War; appointed judge of the superior court of the Chattahoochee circuit to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge James Johnson on October 1, 1875; reappointed in 1877 and served until February 9, 1880, when he resigned; appointed February 10, 1880, to the supreme court of Georgia to fill a vacancy; reappointed, and served until his death in Columbus, Ga., July 23, 1883; interment in Linnwood Cemetery.
"Crawford , Martin Jenkins," Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present,
How to Cite This Page: "Crawford, Martin Jenkins," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,