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Bibliography

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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
By a Lady Subscriber. "The Rights of the Women." The Ladies' Repository 15 (April 4 1855): 238-238. Journal Article Primary 1855
Quarles, Benjamin. "John Brown Writes to Blacks." Kansas Historical Quarterly 41, no. 4 (1975): 454-467. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Switala, William J. Underground Railroad in New Jersey and New York. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Frahm, Sally. "The Cross and the Compass: Manifest Destiny, Religious Aspects of the Mexican-American War." Journal of Popular Culture 35, no. 2 (2001): 83-99. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Tyler, Ronnie C. "The Mexican War: A Lithographic Record." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77, no. 1 (1973): 1-84. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Reid, Brian Holden. "The Crisis at Fort Sumter in 1861 Reconsidered." History 77 (1992): 3-32. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Hoelscher, Robert J. "Thaddeus Stevens as a Lancaster Politician, 1842-1868." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 78, no. 4 (1974): 157-213. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Gauen, Patrick E. "Great Debate." St. Louis Post – Dispatch. August 29, 1994. Other Secondary 1994
Levy, Leonard W. "Sims' Case: The Fugitive Slave Law in Boston in 1851." Journal of Negro History 35 (January 1950): 39-74. Journal Article Secondary 1950
Switala, William J. Underground Railroad in Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Francaviglia, Richard V. and Douglas W. Richmond. Dueling Eagles: Reinterpreting the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Utley, Robert M. "Los Diablos Tejanos." MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History 14, no. 3 (2002): 86-95. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Clinton, Catherine. "How did Women Participate in the Underground Railroad?" Women and Social Movements, 1600-2000 8, no. 3 (2004). Journal Article Secondary 2004
Collins, James L. John Brown and the Fight Against Slavery. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Reed, Karen. The Widow Brown after Red Bluff. Red Bluff, CA: Reed, 1968. Book Secondary 1968
Reisman, David. The Political Economy of James Buchanan. Basingstoke: Macmillan Co., 1990. Book Secondary 1990
Lanman, Charles and Joseph M. Morrison. Biographical Annals of the Civil Government of the United States: From Original and Official Sources. 2nd ed. New York: J. M. Morrison, 1887. Book Secondary 1887
Berlin, Jean V. "Thaddeus Stevens and His Biographers." Pennsylvania History 60, no. 2 (1993): 153-162. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Forret, Jeff. “Slave-Poor White Violence in the Antebellum Carolinas.” North Carolina Historical Review 81, no. 2 (2004): 139-167. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Hubbell, John T. “Jeremiah Sullivan Black and the Great Secession Winter.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 57, no. 3 (1974): 255-274. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Lewis, Walker. Without Fear or Favor: A Biography of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965. Book Secondary 1965
Tuchalski, Yvonne. "Erastus Hussey, Battle Creek Antislavery Activist." Michigan History 56, no. 1 (1972): 1-18. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Switala, William J. Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Frazier, Donald S. The United States and Mexico at War: Nineteenth-Century Expansionism and Conflict. New York: Macmillan, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Utley, Robert M. "Ranger Tobin: A First Look." American Heritage 53, no. 3 (June/July 2002): 45. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Tackach, James. The Trial of John Brown, Radical Abolitionist. Famous Trials. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Libby, Jean. John Brown's Family in California. Palo Alto, CA: Allies for Freedom, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Memoir of James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Printed by C. Sherman and Son, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Crofts, Daniel W. "Reconstruction in Tennessee: An Assessment for Thaddeus Stevens." West Tennessee Historical Society Papers 43 (1989): 13-27. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Brigance, William Norwood. “Jeremiah Black and Andrew Johnson.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 19, no. 2 (1932): 205-218. Journal Article Secondary 1932
Tullai, Martin D. "Debates Changed Country's Destiny." Washington Times, October 10, 1992. Other Secondary 1992
Tobin, Jacqueline, and Hettie Jones. From Midnight to Dawn: The Last Tracks of the Underground Railroad. New York: Doubleday, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Utley, Robert Marshall. "The Fall of Santa Fe." American History Illustrated 18 (September 1983): 40-47. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Conrad, Earl. Harriet Tubman, Negro Soldier and Abolitionist. New York: International Publishers, 1942. Book Secondary 1942
Scott, Otto J. The Secret Six: John Brown and the Abolitionist Movement. New York: NYT Times Books, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Smock, Raymond W. "Searching for the Political Legacy of Thaddeus Stevens." Pennsylvania History 60, no. 2 (1993): 189-195. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Blair, Francis Preston. The Life and Public Services of Gen. William O. Butler, with His Letters and Speeches on Various Subjects. Baltimore: Published by N. Hickman, 1848. Book Primary 1848
Turner, Glennette Tilley. The Underground Railroad in Illinois. Glen Ellyn, IL: Newman Educational Pub., 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Gerhard, Peter. "Baja California in the Mexican War, 1846-1848." Pacific Historical Review 14 (December 1945): 418-424. Journal Article Secondary 1945
Crewe, Sandra Edmonds. "Harriet Tubman's Last Work: The Harriet Tubman Home for Aged and Indigent Negroes." Journal of Gerontological Social Work 49 (2007): 229-244. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Ehrlich, Leonard. God's Angry Man. New York: Press of the Readers Club, 1941. Book Secondary 1941
Clifford, Philip G. Nathan Clifford, Democrat, 1803-1881. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1922. Book Secondary 1922
Valdez, Joyce. "The Irish Connection: Irish Fought for Mexico during Mexican American War." Hispanic 14, no. 3 (March 2001): 20. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Crewe, Sandra Edmonds. "Harriet Tubman: Peacemaker and Stateswoman." Affilia 21, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 228. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Du Bois, W. E. B. John Brown. New York: International Publishers, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Sears, Louis Martin . "Slidell and Buchanan." American Historical Review 27, no. 4 (1922): 709-730. Journal Article Secondary 1922
Johnson, Frontis W., ed. The Papers of Zebulon Baird Vance. 2 vols. Raleigh: North Carolina State Department of Achieves and History, 1963. Book Primary 1963
Simpson, Craig M. A Good Southerner: The Life of Henry A. Wise of Virginia. The Fred W. Morrison Series in Southern Studies. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985. Book Secondary 1985
Lightner, David L. "Simon Newton Dexter and the Panic of 1857." Mid-America 69, no. 2 (1987): 61-70. Journal Article Secondary 1987
Vandiver, Frank E. "The Mexican War Experience of Josiah Gorgas." Journal of Southern History 13, no. 3 (August 1947): 373-394. Journal Article Secondary 1947
Gifford, Carolyn DeSwarte, Judith Wellman, Elizabeth Brown Pryor, and Jean M. Humez. "Women Called to Lead." Magazine of the Mary Baker Eddy Library for the Betterment of Humanity 4 (2005): 2-9. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Chandler, Nahum D. "The Souls of an Ex-White Man: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Biography of John Brown." New Centennial Review 3, no. 1 (2003): 179-195. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Ellis, Edward Sylvester and J.O. Hall. "James Buchanan: Fifteenth President, 1857-1861." In Lives of the Presidents of the United States, 129-137. Lives of the Presidents of the United States. Chicago: A. Flanagan Company, 1897. Book Chapter Secondary 1897
Shengold, David. “From the Other Shore: Aleksandr Herzen on James Buchanan.” Slavic Review 51, no. 4 (1992): 758-766. Journal Article Secondary 1992
Mobley, Joe A. The Papers of Zebulon Baird Vance. 2 Vols. Raleigh: North Carolina State Department of Achieves and History, 1995. Book Primary 1995
Dusinberre, William. Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Burlingame, Michael, ed. With Lincoln in the White House: Letters, Memoranda, and Other Writings of John G. Nicolay, 1860-1865. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000. Book Primary 2000
Eusebius, Mary. "A Modern Moses: Harriet Tubman." Journal of Negro Education 19, no. 1 (Winter 1950): 16-27. Journal Article Secondary 1950
Freehling, William W. and Craig M. Simpson. Secession Debated: Georgia's Showdown in 1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Ayers, Edward L., Gary W. Gallagher, and Andrew J. Torget. Crucible of the Civil War: Virginia from Secession to Commemoration. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Brack, Gene M. Mexico Views Manifest Destiny, 1821-1846: An Essay on the Origins of the Mexican War. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1975. Book Secondary 1975
Jones, John Beauchamp. Wild Western Scenes. New York: S. Coleman, 1841. Book Primary 1841
Thompson, Julius Eric. Hiram R. Revels, 1827-1901: A Biography. New York: Arno Press, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Canavan, Francis. "That Eminent Tribunal." First Things 85 (1998): 34-39. Journal Article Secondary 1998
Keller, Allan. Thunder at Harper's Ferry. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1958. Book Secondary 1958
Vandiver, Frank E. "A Note on Josiah Gorgas in the Mexican War." Journal of Southern History 11, no. 1 (February 1945): 103-106. Journal Article Secondary 1945
Falk, Leslie A. "Black Abolitionist Doctors and Healers, 1810-1885." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 54, no. 2 (1980): 258-272. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Freehling, William W. The South vs. the South: How anti-Confederate Southerners Shaped the Course of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Poole, W. Scott. "Memory and the Abolitionist Heritage: Thomas Wentworth Higginson and the Uncertain Meaning of the Civil War." Civil War History 51, no. 2 (2005): 202-217. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Stern, Milton. America's Bachelor President and the First Lady. Baltimore: PublishAmerica, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Bergeron, Paul H. The Presidency of James K. Polk. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
Jones, John Beauchamp. A Rebel War Clerk's Diary. 2 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1866. Book Primary 1866
Bacon, Margaret Hope.  "'One Great Bundle of Humanity': Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911)."  The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 113, no 1 (1989): 21-43.
Journal Article Secondary 1989
Rawley, James A. Race an Politics: "Bleeding Kansas" and the Coming of the Civil War. Philadelphia/New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Freehling, William W. The Reintegration of American History: Slavery and the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Ljungquist, Kent. "Meteor of the War": Melville, Thoreau, and Whitman Respond to John Brown." American Literature 61, no. 4 (1989): 674-680. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Swanberg, W. A. "Was the Secretary of War a Traitor?" American Heritage 14, no. 4 (1963): 34-37, 96-97. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Rowland, Eron. Varina Howell, Wife of Jefferson Davis. New York: MacMillan Company, 1927. Book Secondary 1927
Yacovone, Donald. "Sacred Land Regained: Francel Ellen Watkins Harper and 'The Massachusetts Fifty-Fourth,' A Lost Poem." Pennsylvania History 62, no. 1 (Winter 1995): 90-110.
Journal Article Secondary 1995
Vázquez, Josefina Zoraida, and Lorenzo Meyer. The United States and Mexico. The United States in the World, Foreign Perspectives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Book Secondary 1985
Ferris, Marc. "Aunt Harriet's Home." American Legacy: Magazine of African-American History and Culture 10 (2004): 63-64, 66, 68. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Libby, Jean. "John Brown's Family and Their California Refuge." Californians 7, no. 1 (1989): 14-19, 22-23. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Underhill, Edward F. The Life and Public services of Hon. James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. New York: Livermore & Rudd, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Walther, Eric H. The Fire-Eaters. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. Book Secondary 2001
Gardiner, Dorothy. West of the River. New York: Thomas Y. Crowll Co., 1941. Book Secondary 1941
Seigenthaler, John. James K. Polk. New York: Times Books, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Carby, Hazel V. "'Of Lasting Service for the Race': The Work of Frances Ellen Watkins Harper." In Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist, edited by Hazel V. Carby, pp. 62-94.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Book Chapter Secondary 1987
Viola, Herman J. "Zachary Taylor and the Indiana Volunteers." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 72, no. 3 (1969): 335-346. Journal Article Secondary 1969
Gibson, Chantal N., and Monique Silverman. "Surrendering Her Image: the Unknowable Harriet Tubman." RACAR 30 (2005): 25-38. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Crofts, Daniel W. Reluctant Confederates: Upper South Unionists in the Secession Crisis. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
McFarland, Gerald. "A Legacy Left Behind." American History Illustrated 19, no. 1 (1984): 21-25. Journal Article Secondary 1984
Buchanan, James. Message from the President of the United States to the Two Houses of Congress: At the Commencement of the Second Session of the Thirty-Sixth Congress. Washington, DC: G.W. Bowman, printer, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Palmer-Mehta, Valerie. "'We Are All Bound Up Together': Frances Harper and Feminist Theory." In Black Women's Intellectual Traditions: Speaking Their Minds, edited by Kristin Waters and Carol B. Conaway, pp. 192-215. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press; Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2007.
Book Chapter Secondary 2007
Stone, Kate. Brokenburn: The Journal of Kate Stone, 1861-1868, edited by John Q. Anderson. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1955.
Book Primary 1955
Redpath, James. Echoes of Harper's Ferry. Boston: Thayer and Eldridge, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Waghelstein, John D. "The Mexican War and the American Civil War: The American Army's Experience in Irregular Warfare as a Sub-Set of a Major Conventional Conflict." Small Wars and Insurgencies 7, no. 2 (1996): 139-164. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Guterman, Benjamin. "Doing 'Good Brave Work': Harriet Tubman's Testimony at Beaufort, South Carolina." Prologue, Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 32, no. 3 (2000): 154-165. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Weatherman, Donald V. “James Buchanan on Slavery and Secession.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 15, no. 4 (Fall 1985): 796-805. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Lowe, Richard G. Republicans and Reconstruction in Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991. Book Secondary 1991

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