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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Jaffa, Harry V., and Robert Walter Johannsen, eds. In the Name of the People: Speeches and Writings of Lincoln and Douglas in the Ohio Campaign of 1859. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1959. Book Primary 1959
Linder, Jamie S. and William B. Eigelsbach. "To War with Mexico: A Diary of the Mexican-American War." Journal of East Tennessee History 73, (2001): 74-100.  Journal Article Secondary 2001
Redpath, James. The Public Life of Capt. John Brown. Boston: Thayer and Elderidge, 1860. Book Primary 1860
Walker, Dale L. Bear Flag Rising: The Conquest of California, 1846. New York: Forge, 1999. Book Secondary 1999
Hoefer, Jean M. "They Called Her 'Moses.'" Civil War Times Illustrated 26 (1988): 36-41. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Wilson, Howard Lafayette. “President Buchanan’s Proposed Intervention in Mexico.” American Historical Review 5, no. 4 (July 1900): 687-701. Journal Article Secondary 1900
McFeely, William S. Grant: A Biography. New York: W W Norton & Company, 1981. Book Secondary 1981
Neely, Mark E. The Union Divided: Party Conflict in the Civil War North. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Curry, Richard Orr. A House Divided: A Study of Statehood Politics and the Copperhead Movement in West Virginia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1964. Book Secondary 1964
Spencer, J. A. History of the United States of America. 3 vols. New York: Johnson, Wilson & Co., 1874. Book Secondary 1874
Walker, Ronald W. "The Struggle for Power in the Mormon Battalion." Dialogue 26, no. 4 (1993): 51-69. Journal Article Secondary 1993
Hughes, Jim. "Those Who Passed Through: Unusual Visits to Unlikely Places." New York History 86, no. 3 (2005): 289-295. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Ayers, Edward L. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America 1859-1863. New York: W W Norton & Company, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Woodward, Isaiah A. "John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry and Governor Henry Alexander Wise's Letter to President James Buchanan Concerning the Invasion." West Virginia History 42, no. 3-4 (1981): 307-313. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Neely, Mark E. The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Ward, Andrew. The Slaves' War: The Civil War in the Words of Former Slaves. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Bromberg, Alan B. “John Mercer Langston: Black Congressman from the Old Dominion.” Virginia Cavalcade 30, no. 2 (1980): 60-67. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Jones, James P. John A. Logan: Stalwart Republican From Illinois. Tallahassee: University of Florida Press, 1982. Book Secondary 1982
Weik, Jesse William. The Real Lincoln: A Portrait New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1922. Book Secondary 1922
Eggleston, Edward. A First Book in American History: With Special Reference to the Lives and Deeds of Great Americans. New York: American Book Co., 1889. Book Secondary 1889
Wallace, Edward S. "Deserters in the Mexican War." Hispanic American Historical Review 15 (August 1935): 374-383. Journal Article Secondary 1935
Ayers, Edward L. What Caused the Civil War? Reflections on the South and Southern History. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Yzenbaard, John H. "H. P. Scholte and the 1856 Presidential Campaign in Michigan." Annals of Iowa 42, no. 1 (1973): 28-40. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Kennedy, J. C. G. The United States on the eve of the Civil War: As Described in the 1860 Census. Washington: U.S. Civil War Centennial Commission, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Ward, Andrew. River Run Red: The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War. New York: Viking, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Cheek, William F.  “John Mercer Langston: Black Protest Leader and Abolitionist.” Civil War History 16, no. 2 (1970): 101-120. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Jones, James P. Black Jack: John A. Logan and Southern Illinois in the Civil War Era. Tallahassee: Florida State University, 1967. Book Secondary 1967
Donovan, Sandra. James Buchanan. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Channing, Edward. A Student’s History of the United States. 4th ed. New York: MacMillan Co., 1922. Book Secondary 1922
Ware, Moses W. "Land Speculation and the Mexican War." Historical Outlook 19 (November 1928): 317-323. Journal Article Secondary 1928
Ostendorf, Lloyd. "A New Mary Todd Lincoln Photograph: A Tour of the White Mountains in Summer, 1863." Illinois Historical Journal 83, no. 2 (1990): 109-111. Journal Article Secondary 1990
Zwikl, Kurt D. “The Political Ascent of James Buchanan.” Pennsylvania Heritage 17, no. 2 (Spring 1991): 16-21. Journal Article Secondary 1991
Wilson, Douglas L . Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Baxter, Maurice G. Orville H. Browning: Lincoln's Friend and Critic. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1957. Book Secondary 1957
Ward, Andrew. Our Bones Are Scattered: The Cawnpore Massacres and the Indian Mutiny of 1857. New York: H. Holt and Co., 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Archer, Christon I. "Discord, Disjunction, and Reveries of Past and Future Glories: Mexico's First Decades of Independence, 1810-1853." Mexican Studies 16, no. 1 (2000): 189-210. Journal Article Secondary 2000
Pfanz, Donald. Richard S. Ewell: A Soldier's Life. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Dryden, Jr. [Waddell, Francis L.]. Old Buck’s Feast; or, The Power of Office. n.p., 1859. Book Primary 1859
Joiner, Gary D. Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Muzzey, David S. An American History. Rev. ed. Boston: Ginn and Co., 1920. Book Secondary 1920
Carton, Evan. "Crossing Harpers Ferry: Liberal Education and John Brown's Corpus." American Literature 73, no. 4 (2001): 837-863. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Gold, Michael. Life of John Brown: Centennial of His Execution. New York: Roving Eye Press, 1960. Book Secondary 1960
Loguen, Jermain Wesley. The Rev. J. W. Loguen, as a Slave and as a Freeman: A Narrative of Real Life. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968. Book Primary 1968
Warner, Lee H. "With Pierce and Hawthorne, in Mexico." Essex Institute Historical Collections 111, no. 3 (1975): 213-220. Journal Article Secondary 1975
Tyler, Lyon Gardiner. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1915. Book Secondary 1915
Nall, Jasper Rastus. Freeborn Slave: Diary of a Black Man in the South. Birmingham, AL: Crane Hill Publishers, 1996. Book Primary 1996
Curtis, William Eleroy. The True Abraham Lincoln. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1903. Book Secondary 1903
Baker, Kevin. "Fighting for the Other Side." American Heritage 53, no. 3 (2002): 14-15. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Martin, Samuel J.The Road to Glory: Confederate General Richard S. Ewell. Indianapolis: Guild Press of Indiana, 1991. Book Secondary 1991
Democratic Party. Proceedings of the National Democratic Convention: Held in Cincinnati, June 2-6, 1856. Cincinnati: Enquirer Company Steam Printing, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Reilly, Tom. "Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 Forced New Role on the Press." Journalism Quarterly 56, no. 4 (1979): 734-743, 752. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Graebner, Norman A. "The Mexican War: A Study in Causation." Pacific Historical Review 49, no. 3 (1980): 405-426. Journal Article Secondary 1980
Waugh, John C. "The Proving Ground." Civil War Times Illustrated 35, no. 1 (1996): 34-43. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Ostendorf, Lloyd. "The Photographs of Mary Todd Lincoln." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 61, no. 3 (1968): 269-332. Journal Article Secondary 1968
McGinty, Brian. "Keep Your Seat, Horace." American West 20, no. 6 (1983): 67-69. Journal Article Secondary 1983
Nicolay, John G., and John Hay. Abraham Lincoln: A History. New York: Century Co., 1890. Book Secondary 1890
Collins, Robert. Jim Lane: Scoundrel, Statesman, Kansan. Gretna: Pelican, 2007. Book Secondary 2007

Zygmunt, Elizabeth. "Region's Underground Railroad History Revived." Northeast Pennsylvania Business Journal 20, no. 4 (March 1, 2005): 29.

Journal Article Secondary 2005
Benjamin, Thomas. "Recent Historiography of the Origins of the Mexican War." New Mexico Historical Review 54, no. 3 (1979): 169-181. Journal Article Secondary 1979
Higginson, Mary Thacher. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, The Story of His Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1914. Book Secondary 1914
Facts for the People, No. 1: The Conspiracy of Fillmore Leaders to Elect Buchanan, by Inducing Honest Men to Throw Away Upon Mr. Fillmore Votes Which Would Otherwise Be Cast Against Slavery Extension and for John C. Fremont. New York: H. F. Snowden, 1856. Book Primary 1856
Joiner, Gary D., ed. Little to Eat and Thin Mud to Drink: Letters, Diaries, and Memoirs from the Red River Campaigns, 1863-1864. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2007.
Book Primary 2007
Graebner, Norman A. "Lessons of the Mexican War." Pacific Historical Review 47, no. 3 (1978): 325-342. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Waugh, John C. The Class of 1846: From West Point to Appomattox : Stonewall Jackson, George McClellan, and Their Brothers. New York: Warner Books, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Catton, Bruce. "Grant and the Politicians." American Heritage19, no. 6 (1968): 32-35, 81-87. Journal Article Secondary 1968
Holden, William Woods. Memoirs of W. W. Holden. Durham, NC: The Seeman Printer, 1911. Book Primary 1911
Bailes, Kendall. Rider on the Wind: Jim Lane and Kansas. Shawnee Mission, KS: Wagon Wheel Press, 1962. Book Secondary 1962
Pirtle, Carol. Escape Betwixt Two Suns: A True Tale of the Underground Railroad in Illinois. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Bennett, Charles. "The Mexican War Drawings of Lachlan Allan Maclean." Palacio 95, no. 1 (1989): 66-69. Journal Article Secondary 1989
Di Nunzio, Mario. “Secession Winter: Lyman Trumbull and the Crisis in Congress.” Capitol Studies 1 (Fall 1972): 29-39. Journal Article Secondary 1972
Johnson, Ludwell H. Red River Campaign: Politics and Cotton in the Civil War. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1993. Book Secondary 1993
Benton, Thomas Hart. Historical and Legal Examination of that Part of Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Dred Scott Case. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1857. Book Primary 1857
Baylor, George. Bull Run to Bull Run: or, Four years in the Army of Northern Virginia. Richmond: B. F. Johnson Publishing Co., 1900.
Book Primary 1900
Goodall, Hurley C. Underground Railroad : The Invisible Road to Freedom through Indiana. Muncie, IN: H.C. Goodall, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Weber, David J. "Louis Robidoux: Two Letters from California, 1848." Southern California Quarterly 54, no. 2 (1972): 105-116. Journal Article Primary 1972
Howard, Victor B. The Evangelical War against Slavery and Caste: The Life and Times of John G. Fee. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna University Press, 1996. Book Secondary 1996
Birkner, Michael J. "Looking up from the Basement: New Biographies of Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan." Pennsylvania History 72, no. 4 (2005): 535-543. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Shadd, Adrienne L., Afua Cooper, and Karolyn Smardz Frost. The Underground Railroad : Next Stop, Toronto!. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2002. Book Secondary 2002
Berge, Dennis E. "Mexican Dilemma: The Mexico City Ayuntamiento and the Question of Loyalty, 1846-1848." The Hispanic American Historical Review 50 (1970): 229-256. Journal Article Secondary 1970
Bergeron, Arthur W., Jr. “General Richard Taylor as a Military Commander.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association 23, no. 1 (Winter 1982): 35-47. Journal Article Secondary 1982
Catterall, Helen Tunnicliff. "Some Antecedents of the Dred Scott Case." American Historical Review 30, no. 1 (1942): 56-71. Journal Article Secondary 1924
Weber, R. B. "The Mexican War: Some Personal Correspondence." Indiana Magazine of History 65, no. 2 (1969): 133-139. Journal Article Primary 1969
Young, David. The Iron Horse and the Windy City: How Railroads Shaped Chicago. Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Fitzgerald, Ruth Coder. A Different Story: A Black History of Fredericksburg, Stafford, and Spotsylvania, Virginia. Greensboro, NC: Unicorn, 1979. Book Secondary 1979
Catton, Bruce. "The Day the Civil War Ended: Gettysburg, Fifty Years After." American Heritage 29, no. 4 (1978): 56-61. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Quist, John W. "Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom." Journal of American History 92, no. 1 (June 2005): 216-217. Journal Article Secondary 2005
Tranchin, Rob, et al. U.S.-Mexican War 1846-1848. 4 videocassettes. Directed by Ginny Martin. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 1998. Audiovisual Secondary 1998
Neely, Mark E. Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Spofford, Ainsworth R. Eminent and Representative Men of Virginia and the District of Columbia of the Nineteenth Century. Madison, WI: Brant & Fuller, 1893. Book Secondary 1893
Weems, John Edward. To Conquer a Peace: The War Between the United States and Mexico. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974. Book Secondary 1974
Klein, Maury. Unfinished Business: The Railroad in American Life. Hanover: University of Rhode Island, University Press of New England, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Wallner, Peter A. Franklin Pierce: New Hampshire's Favorite Son. Concord, NH: Plaidswede Pub., 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Prince, Benjamin F.  "The Rescue Case of 1857." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications 3 (July 1907): 292-309. Journal Article Secondary 1907
Holzer, Harold, and Sara Vaughn Gabbard, eds. Lincoln and Freedom: Slavery, Emancipation, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Faulkner, Thomas C. Faulkner’s History of the Revolution in the Southern States Including the Special Messages of President Buchanan—the Ordinances of Secession of the Six Withdrawing States . . . etc. New York: J. F. Trow, 1861. Book Primary 1861
Taylor, Richard. Destruction and Reconstruction: Personal Experiences of the Late War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879. Book Primary 1879
Luch, Janet. Review of Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom by Carole Boston Weatherford. Library Media Connection 25 (January 2007): 80. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Weiner, Tim. "War & Remembrance." New York Times Upfront 136, no. 12 (5 April 2004): 10-13. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Goodrich, Thomas. The Darkest Dawn: Lincoln, Booth, and the Great American Tragedy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Klein, Maury. Union Pacific. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1987. Book Secondary 1987