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Chicago Style Entry Publication Type Reading Level Source Type Year Link
Mobley, Joe A. 'War Governor of the South:' North Carolina's Zeb Vance in the Confederacy. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
Donald, David Herbert. Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man. New York: Knopf, 1970. Book Secondary 1970
Preston, Dickson J. Young Frederick Douglass: The Maryland Years. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. Book Secondary 1980
Levesque, George A. Black Boston: African American Life and Culture in Urban America, 1750-1860. New York: Garland Pub., 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Jackson, Mary Anna. Life and Letters of General Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson). New York: Harper & Brothers, 1892. Book Primary 1892
Maury, Matthew Fontaine. The Physical Geography of the Sea. New York: Harper & Bros., 1855.
Book Primary 1855
Kendall, Amos. "Buchanan and the Dred Scott Justices." Manuscripts no. 10 (1958): 2-9. Journal Article Secondary 1958
Staiti, Paul J. Samuel F. B. Morse. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Hitchcock, William S.  "Southern Moderates and Secession: Senator Robert M. T. Hunter's Call for Union," Journal of American History 59, no. 4 (1973): 871-884. Journal Article Secondary 1973
Ehrlich, Walter. "Was the Dred Scott Case Valid?" Journal of American History 55, no. 2 (1968): 256-265. Journal Article Secondary 1968
January, Brendan. The Dred Scott Decision. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Brawley, Benjamin Griffith. Negro Builders and Heroes. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937. Book Secondary 1937
Arnold, Linda. "Too Few Ships, Too Few Guns, and Not Enough Money: The Mexican Navy, 1846-1848." Northern Mariner 9, no. 2 (1999): 1-10. Journal Article Secondary 1999
Reeves, Jesse S. "The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo." American Historical Review 10, no. 2 (1905): 309-324. Journal Article Secondary 1905
Parks, Joseph Howard. General Edmund Kirby Smith, C.S.A.. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1954. Book Secondary 1954
Harrold, Stanley. Subversives: Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 1828-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003. Book Secondary 2003
Osborne, John and James Gerencser. "Their Own Words." Web Site Secondary 2003
Williams, Frances Leigh. Matthew Fontaine Maury: Scientist of the Sea. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Baylen, Joseph O. “James Buchanan’s ‘Calm of Despotism.’” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 77 (July 1953): 294-310. Journal Article Secondary 1953
McKenzie, Robert Tracy. Lincolnites and Rebels: A Divided Town in the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Tuchinsky, Adam-Max. “‘The Bourgeoisie Will Fall and Fall Forever’: The New-York Tribune, the 1848 French Revolution, and American Social Democratic Discourse.” Journal of American History 92, no. 2 (September 2005): 470-497. Journal Article Secondary 2005
George, Mary K. Zachariah Chandler: A Political Biography. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1969. Book Secondary 1969
Blaser, Kent. "North Carolina and John Brown's Raid." Civil War History 24, no. 3 (September 1978): 197-212. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Novak, Susan S. "Roads from Fear to Freedom: The Kansas Underground Railroad." Kansas Heritage no. 3 (Autumn 1996): 9-12. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Franklin, John Hope, and Alfred A. Moss. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Austerman, Wayne R. "Ben Coons' Santa Fe Passage." Password 30, no. 1 (1985): 40-43. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Reilly, Tom. " ‘The War Press of New Orleans’: 1846-1848." Journalism History 13, no. 3-4 (1986): 86-95. Journal Article Secondary 1986
Kerby, Robert Lee. Kirby Smith's Confederacy: The Trans-Mississippi South, 1863-1865. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. Book Secondary 1972
Davis, David Brion. Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Franklin, John Hope and Loren Schweninger. In Search of the Promised Land: A Black Family and the Old South. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Horton, James Oliver. "Presenting Slavery: The Perils of Telling America's Racial Story." Public Historian 21, no. 4 (1999): 19-38. Journal Article Secondary 1999
Beaty, Janice J. Seeker of Seaways: A Life of Matthew Fontaine Maury. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966. Book Secondary 1966
Sitterson, Joseph Carlyle. The Secession Movement in North Carolina. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1939. Book Secondary 1939
Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad: Dramatic Firsthand Accounts of Daring Escapes to Freedom. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1987. Book Secondary 1987
McKenzie, Robert Tracy. "Contesting Secession: Parson Brownlow and the Rhetoric of Proslavery Unionism, 1860-1861." Civil War History 48, no. 4 (2002): 294-312. Journal Article Secondary 2002
Hale, William Harlan. “When Karl Marx Worked for Horace Greeley.” American Heritage 8 (April 1957): 20-25, 110-111. Journal Article Secondary 1957
Johannsen, Robert Walter. Lincoln and the South in 1860. Fort Wayne, IN: Louis A. Warren Lincoln Library and Museum, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
Frazier, Harriet C. Runaway and Freed Missouri Slaves and Those Who Helped Them, 1763-1865. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Baker, B. Kimball. "The Saint Patricks Fought for Their Skins, and Mexico." Smithsonian 8, no. 12 (1978): 94-101. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Reilly, Tom. "Jane McManus Storms: Letters from the Mexican War, 1846-1848." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 85, no. 1 (1981): 21-44. Journal Article Secondary 1981
"Portrait." History Today 11 (May, 1961): 315. Journal Article Secondary 1961
Franklin, John Hope. The Emancipation Proclamation. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963. Book Secondary 1963
Olsen, Christopher. Political Culture and Secession in Mississippi: Masculinity, Honor, and the Antiparty Tradition, 1830-1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Book Secondary 2000
Mering, John V. "The Slave-State Constitutional Unionists and the Politics of Consensus." Journal of Southern History 43, no. 3 (1977): 395-410. Journal Article Secondary 1977
Borchard, Gregory A. “From Pink Lemonade to Salt River: Horace Greeley's Utopia and the Death of the Whig Party.” Journalism History 32, no. 1 (2006): 22-33. Journal Article Secondary 2006
Harris, W.C. Public Life of Zachariah Chandler, 1851-1875. East Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission, 1917. Book Secondary 1917
Blight, David W. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books in Association with the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Elbert, E. Duane. "The English Bill: An Attempt to Compromise the Lecompton Dilemma." Kansas History 1, no. 4 (1978): 219-234. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Stegmaier, Mark J. "Intensifying the Sectional Conflict: William Seward Versus James Hammond in the Lecompton Debate of 1858." Civil War History 31, no. 3 (1985): 197-221. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Reilly, Tom. "Newspaper Suppression during the Mexican War, 1846-48." Journalism Quarterly 54, no. 2 (1977): 262-270, 349. Journal Article Secondary 1977
Anonymous. "A Virginian Who Paved the Way." The Washington Post, 2004.  Other Secondary 2004
Horton, James Oliver. Slavery and Public History: The Tough Stuff of American Memory. New York: New Press, 2006. Book Secondary 2006
Sherman, William Tecumseh and Walter L. Fleming. General W.T. Sherman as College President: A Collection of Letters, Documents, and Other Material, Chiefly from Private sources, Relating to the Life and Activities of General William Tecumseh Sherman, to the Early Years of Louisiana State University, and to the Stirring Conditions Existing in the South on the Eve of the Civil War, 1859-1861. Cleveland, OH: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1912. Book Primary 1912
Sheehan-Dean, Aaron. Why Confederates Fought: Family and Nation in Civil War Virginia. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Hitchcock, William S. "The Limits of Southern Unionism: Virginia Conservatives and the Gubernatorial Election of 1859." Journal of Southern History 47, no 1 (1981): 57-72. Journal Article Secondary 1981
Fuller, Thomas. “‘Go West, Young Man!’ - An Elusive Slogan.” Indiana Magazine of History 100, 3 (2004): 231-242. Journal Article Secondary 2004
Winship, Amy Davis. My Life Story. Boston: R. G. Badger, 1920. Book Primary 1920
Johnson, Linck C. "'Liberty Is Never Cheap': Emerson, 'The Fugitive Slave Law,' and the Antislavery Lecture Series at the Broadway Tabernacle." New England Quarterly 76 (December 2003): 550-592. Journal Article Secondary 2003
Finkenbine, Roy E. "Flight to Freedom: The Underground Railroad." Journal of American History 83, no. 3 (December 1996): 1117-1118. Journal Article Secondary 1996
Glenelg. Broken Shackles: Old Man Henson from Slavery to Freedom. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2001. Book Primary 2001
Ballard, Dave. "The Battle of San Pasqual." American History Illustrated 13, no. 1 (1978): 4-11, 46-48. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Resendez, Andres. Changing National Identities at the Frontier: Texas and New Mexico, 1800-1850.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Book Secondary 2005
"Estimate." Bookman 26 (1908): 461. Journal Article Secondary 1908
Short Answers to Reckless Fabrications, Against the Democratic Candidate for President, James Buchanan. Philadelphia: W. Rice, Printer, 1856. Book Secondary 1856
Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery, 1619-1877. New York: Hill and Wang, 1994. Book Secondary 1994
Gara, Larry. "Brilliant Thoughts and Important Truths: A Speech of Frederick Douglass." Ohio History 75, no.1 (1966): 3-9. Journal Article Secondary 1966
Sweeney, Fionnghuala. Frederick Douglass and the Atlantic World. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
McCrary, Peyton, Clark Miller, and Dale Baum. "Class and Party in the Secession Crisis: Voting Behavior in the Deep South, 1856-1861." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 8, no. 3 (1978): 429-457. Journal Article Secondary 1978
Cary, Lorene. The Price of a Child: A Novel. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1995. Book Secondary 1995
Shanks, Henry Thomas. The Secession Movement in Virginia, 1847-1861. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, 1934. Book Secondary 1934
Bateman, Newton, and Paul Selby, eds. Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois. Chicago: Munsell Publishing Company, 1907. Book Secondary 1907
Glover, Robert W., ed., "The War Letters of a Texas Conscript in Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 20, no. 4 (Winter 1961): 355-387. Journal Article Primary 1961
Ely, James W., Jr., and Daniel P. Jordan. "Harper's Ferry Revisited: Father Costello's ‘Short Sketch’ of Brown's Raid." Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia 85, no. 1-2 (1974): 59-67. Journal Article Secondary 1974
Johnson, Mary. "An ‘Ever Present Bone of Contention’: The Heyward Shepherd Memorial." West Virginia History 56 (1997): 1-26. Journal Article Secondary 1997
Stenberg, Richard R. "Some Political Aspects of the Dred Scott Case." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 19, no. 4 (1933): 571-577. Journal Article Secondary 1933
Barton, Henry W. "Five Texas Frontier Companies During the Mexican War." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 66, no. 1 (1963): 17-30. Journal Article Secondary 1963
Rezneck, Samuel. "The Maritime Adventures of a Jewish Sea Captain, Jonas P. Levy, in Nineteenth-Century America." American Neptune 37, no. 4 (1977): 239-252. Journal Article Secondary 1977
Special Memorial Number to Dr. Moncure D. Conway. London: South Place Ethical Society, A. Bonner, 1907. Book Secondary 1907
Ripley, C. Peter. "The Autobiographical Writings of Frederick Douglass." Southern Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the South 24, no. 1 (1985): 5-29. Journal Article Secondary 1985
Irons, Charles F. The Origins of ProSlavery Christianity: White and Black Evangelicals in Colonial and Antebellum Virginia. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Book Secondary 2008
Green, Don. "Constitutional Unionists: The Party that Tried to Stop Lincoln and Save the Union." Historian 69, no. 2 (2007): 231-253. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Brandt, Nat, and Yanna Brandt. In the Shadow of the Civil War: Passmore Williamson and the Rescue of Jane Johnson. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2007. Book Secondary 2007
Bauer, K. Jack. The Mexican War, 1846-1848. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. Book Secondary 1992
Robertson, James I., Jr. "Mexico and a Hero's Mantle: Stonewall Jackson in the Mexican War, 1846-1848." Virginia Cavalcade 46, no. 3 (1997): 100-117. Journal Article Secondary 1997
"Sketch." The Nation 85 (1907): 463-464. Journal Article Secondary 1907
Gara, Larry. "Friends and the Underground Railroad." Quaker History 51, no. 1 (1962): 3-19. Journal Article Secondary 1962
Baptist, Edward E. Creating an Old South: Middle Florida's Plantation Frontier before the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Book Secondary 2002
Miner, Craig. “Lane and Lincoln: A Mysterious Connection.” Kansas History 24, no. 3 (2001): 186-199. Journal Article Secondary 2001
Gates, Henry Louis and Hollis Robbins. In Search of Hannah Crafts: Critical Essays on The Bondwoman's Narrative. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2004. Book Secondary 2004
Robertson, Alexander F. Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart, 1807-1891: A Biography. Richmond: The William Byrd Press, 1925. Book Secondary 1925
Addams, Jane. Twenty Years at Hull-House: With Autobiographical Notes. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1910. Book Primary 1910
Oates, Stephen B. "John Brown and His Judges: A Critique of the Historical Literature." Civil War History 17, no. 1 (1971): 5-24. Journal Article Secondary 1971
Bauer, K. Jack. "Mr. Polk's War and the Failure of Graduated Pressure." Valley Forge Journal 4, no. 2 (1988): 141-149. Journal Article Secondary 1988
Robinson, Cecil. The View from Chapultepec: Mexican Writers on the Mexican-American War. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1989. Book Secondary 1989
"Portrait" Critic 49 (1906): 6. Journal Article Secondary 1906
Preston, Dickson J. Newspapers of Maryland's Eastern Shore. Queenstown, MD: Queen Anne Press, 1986. Book Secondary 1986
Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998. Book Secondary 1998
Mack, John N. “United We Stand: Law and Order on the Southeastern Kansas Frontier, 1866-1870.” Kansas History 30, no. 4 (2007): 234-251. Journal Article Secondary 2007
Mann, Kenneth Eugene. “Blanche Kelso Bruce: United States Senator Without a Constituency.” Journal of Mississippi History 38, no. 2 (1976): 183-198. Journal Article Secondary 1976
Leinwand, Gerald. The Pageant of American History. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1975. Book Secondary 1975