Pomeroy, Samuel Clarke

Life Span
to
Full name
Samuel Clarke Pomeroy
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
North
Origins
Free State
No. of Spouses
3
No. of Children
1
Family
Samuel Pomeroy (father), Dorcas Burt (mother), Annie (first wife), Lucy Ann Gaylord (second wife, 1846), Martha Whitin (third wife, 1866)
Education
Other
Other Education
Amherst College
Occupation
Politician
Businessman
Educator
Relation to Slavery
White non-slaveholder
Political Parties
Liberty
Free Soil
Republican
Other
Other Political Party
Prohibition Party
Other Affiliations
Abolitionists (Anti-Slavery Society)
Temperance (Prohibition)
Government
US Senate
State legislature
Local government

Samuel Clarke Pomeroy (American National Biography)

Scholarship
The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 focused the slavery struggle on Kansas. When President Franklin Pierce signed the bill with its provision for "popular sovereignty" for the territories, Pomeroy allegedly told the president, "Your victory is but an adjournment of the question from the halls of legislation at Washington to the open prairies of the freedom-loving West, and there, sir, we shall beat you" (William E. Connelley, A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans [1918], p. 1219). Pomeroy became one of the organizers of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which funneled more than $100,000 through Pomeroy, as its financial agent, to aid settlers who favored Kansas as a state free from slavery.

Accompanying a group of sponsored settlers, Pomeroy first located in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, in 1854. As chairman of the defense committee, he failed to protect Lawrence from the proslavery raiding party of 21 May 1856, but the "Sack of Lawrence" became the cause célèbre at the first national Republican presidential nominating convention in Philadelphia in 1856, where Pomeroy made a fiery speech, condemning the South. Pomeroy was a leader of the Territorial Kansas independent Free State party, which evolved into the Republican party by 1859.

Ordered by the Emigrant Aid Society to establish a Free State town in northeast Kansas, Pomeroy purchased land in and near Atchison, previously a proslavery stronghold. He also purchased control of an influential proslavery newspaper, Squatter Sovereign, which was quickly renamed Freedom's Champion.
Mark A. Plummer, "Pomeroy, Samuel Clarke," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00799.html.

Samuel Clarke Pomeroy (Congressional Biographical Directory)

Reference
POMEROY, Samuel Clarke, a Senator from Kansas; born in Southampton, Mass., January 3, 1816; attended Amherst College, Massachusetts, 1836-1838; moved to New York State in 1838 and taught school; returned to Southampton, Mass., in 1842; held various local offices; member, State house of representatives 1852-1853; organizer and financial agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Co.; moved to Kansas in 1854 and settled in Lawrence; moved to Atchison, Kans.; mayor of Atchison 1858-1859; member of the free State convention at Lawrence in 1859; president of the relief committee during the famine in Kansas in 1860 and 1861; upon the admission of Kansas as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate; reelected in 1867 and served from April 4, 1861, to March 3, 1873; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1872; chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Thirty-ninth through Forty-second Congresses); resided in Washington, D.C., for several years; died in Whitinsville, Worcester County, Mass., August 27, 1891; interment in Forest Hills Cemetery, Boston, Mass.
"Pomeroy, Samuel Clarke," Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present, http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=p000423.
Chicago Style Entry Link
Gambone, Joseph G. “Samuel C. Pomeroy and the Senatorial Election of 1861, Reconsidered.” Kansas Historical Quarterly 37 (1971): 15-32. view record
Zornow, William Frank. “The Kansas Senators and the Re-election of Lincoln.” Kansas Historical Quarterly 19 (1951): 133-144. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Pomeroy, Samuel Clarke," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/12955.