John Hayward, Gazetteer of the United States of America.... (Philadelphia: James L. Gihon, 1854), 449.
Mauch Chunk, Pa., Carbon co. Township and village. In the midst of the Schuylkill coal fields. The surface is mountainous, the soil gravel. The village is on the W. bank of the Lehigh River, at the head of the Lehigh Canal, in a deep and romantic ravine, between rocky mountains, which rise precipitously 800 or 1000 feet. An inclined plane and railroad 9 miles long extend to the coal mines.