Matthew Calbraith Perry, the naval officer most responsible for the opening of Japan to Western trade and influences between 1853 and 1854, died at his home in New York City at the age of sixty-three. Death was probably caused by liver failure brought on by alcoholism. His three volume account of his expedition had recently appeared in print. (By John Osborne)
David L. Anderson, "Perry, Matthew Calbraith," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/article/04/04-00780.html.