The Erie Canal extends from the Hudson, at Albany, to Lake Eric, at Buffalo, 364 miles. This latter canal sends off branches, as follows: Black River, from Rome to Carthage, 77.5 miles, with a feeder from Brownville, 10 milesl; Chenango, from Utica to Binghampton, 97 miles; Oswego, from Syracuse to Oswego, 38 miles; Cayuga and Seneca, from Montezuma to Geneva, 21 miles, tributary to which are the Crooked Lake Canal, 3 miles, from Dresden to Penn Yan, and the Chemung, 39 miles, from Jefferson, at the head of Seneca Lake to Elmira; finally, the Genesee Valley Canal, from Rochester to Olean, on the Alleghany, 108.5 miles, with a branch from Mount Morris to Danville, 1 1 miles. Works are in progress to unite this New York system with the Pennsylvania and Susquehanna system, by canals extending from Binghampton and Elmira to the Pennsylvania line. All the above, except the junction canals last mentioned, are state works.
John Hayward, Gazetteer of the United States of America… (Philadelphia: James L. Gihon, 1854), 846.