Burnside, Ambrose Everett

Life Span
Full name
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Death Date Certainty
Sectional choice
Free State
West Point (US Military Academy)
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Union Army

Ambrose Everett Burnside (Congressional Biographical Directory)

BURNSIDE, Ambrose Everett, a Senator from Rhode Island; born in Liberty, Ind., May 23, 1824; attended a seminary at Liberty and Beach Grove Academy; graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1847; served in the Mexican and Indian wars; resigned in 1852 to manufacture a breech-loading rifle of his own invention; moved to Illinois, and was appointed treasurer of the Illinois Central Railroad in 1858; during the Civil War entered the Union Army in 1861 as colonel; commanded a brigade at the first Battle of Bull Run; commissioned brigadier general and major general and resigned in 1865; Governor of Rhode Island 1866-1868; during a visit to Europe in 1870 acted as mediator between the French and the Germans then at war; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1874; reelected in 1880 and served from March 4, 1875, until his death in Bristol, R.I., September 13, 1881; chairman, Committee on Education and Labor (Forty-fifth Congress), Committee on Foreign Relations (Forty-seventh Congress); interment in Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.
"Burnside, Ambrose Everett," Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present, http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B001130.
Date Event
- The first pitched battle of the war between armies results in a Union disaster at Bull Run
- In North Carolina, a combined federal army and navy operation captures Roanoke Island
In North Carolina, Union land and sea units advance up the Neuse River to attack New Bern
In North Carolina, combined Union land and naval force win the battle of New Bern
At dawn, Union artillery begins a heavy bombardment of Fort Macon near Beaufort, North Carolina
Union troops take possession of Fort Macon near Beaufort, North Carolina
- Battle of Fredericksburg
Before a massive crowd in Ohio, Congressman Vallandigham denounces the war and President Lincoln
In the early morning hours, soldiers arrest Ohio Congressman C. L. Vallandigham at his home in Dayton
Large and angry crowds gather in Cincinnati, Ohio to protest the arrest of Congressman Vallandigham
- A Military Commission tries Clement Vallandigham in Cincinnati for "disloyal sentiments and opinions"
Congressman Clement Vallandigham applies for a writ of "Habeus Corpus" in a Cincinnati court
Congressman Clement Vallandigham denied a writ of "Habeas Corpus" in a Cincinnati court
In Ohio, General Burnside executes two Confederate officers arrested in Kentucky for spying
Regional army commander Ambrose Burnside orders the closing of the Chicago Times for disloyalty
The Illinois State Legislature strongly protests the military shutdown of the Chicago Times
In Illinois, the Chicago Times reopens after its brief military shutdown
Union forces under General Burnside occupy the Cumberland Gap
In Tennessee, a massive dawn Confederate infantry attack on Knoxville's defenses fails completely
In Virginia, a spectacular Union attempt to break the siege of Petersburg ends in disaster in "The Battle of the Crater"
Rhode Island Republicans nominate Union General Ambrose Burnside for governor.
Rhode Island Democrats meet to nominate candidates for the May 1866 state elections.
In state elections, Rhode Island Republicans score huge victories and elect Ambrose Burnside governor.
Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside is inaugurated as the thirtieth governor of Rhode Island.
Chicago Style Entry Link
Edwards, Knight. “Burnside: A Rhode Island Hero.” Rhode Island History 16 (January 1957): 1-23. view record
Marvel, William. Burnside. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991. view record
Thomas, Donna. “Ambrose E. Burnside and Army Reform, 1850-1881.” Rhode Island History 37 (February 1978): 3-13. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Burnside, Ambrose Everett," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/5281.