Longstreet, James

Life Span
to
Full name
James Longstreet
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
South
Origins
Slave State
No. of Spouses
2
No. of Children
10
Family
James Longstreet (father), Mary Anne Dent (mother), Maria Louisa Garland (first wife, 1848), Helen Dortch (second wife, 1897)
Education
West Point (US Military Academy)
Occupation
Military
Diplomat
Farmer or Planter
Businessman
Political Parties
Republican
Government
Grant Administration (1869-77)
Other state government
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Confederate Army

James Longstreet (American National Biography)

Scholarship
Longstreet made his greatest contributions serving under Lee, who called him "my Old War Horse" and "the Staff of my right hand." Contrary to myth, Longstreet, not Stonewall Jackson, was Lee's intimate confidant, close friend, and principal military adviser. Contemporaries described their relationship as one of brotherly affection. Their disagreement over military affairs--with Lee stressing the Virginia theater and the tactical offensive--caused friction, but it did not lessen their mutual regard. While Longstreet was dismayed by Lee's costly attacks at Gettysburg, preferring a tactical defensive, he was neither stubborn nor disobedient during the campaign. On the second day of the battle, Longstreet's poor reconnaissance delayed his attack, but by no more than an hour, and his overall movements were not slow. On the final day of the battle, Longstreet did take longer than necessary to implement Lee's orders for an assault on the Federal center, but this was not the reason "Pickett's Charge" failed. As the attack was both flawed in concept and doomed from the start, Longstreet's reluctance was both understandable and sensible.
William Garrett Piston, "Longstreet, James," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-01178.html.
Chicago Style Entry Link
Tucker, Glenn. Lee and Longstreet at Gettysburg. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1968. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Longstreet, James," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/6116.