The Year in Review: 1859

Though the stalemate over Kansas statehood continued, the year began with the relatively uncontroversial admittance of Oregon as the nation's 33d state. It was also a year of discoveries. Prospectors reported a massive deposit of silver in Nevada known as the Comstock Lode, and in northwestern Pennsylvania, Edwin Drake drilled the first commercial oil well in the U.S. But 1859 was dominated by the actions of a determined abolitionist warrior named John Brown who led a armed band in mid-October on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Brown and several of his raiders were captured, tried and executed by the Commonwealth of Virginia for treason. The trial and execution of Brown dominated national headlines and created conditions that made the upcoming presidential election perhaps the most intense in American history.

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February 1859
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March 1859
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April 1859
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May 1859
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June 1859
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July 1859
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August 1859
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September 1859
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October 1859
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November 1859
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December 1859
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Notable books published in 1859:

Darwin, Charles.  On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection.  London:  J. Murray, 1859.

Dickens, Charles.  A Tale of Two Cities.  London: Chapman and Hall, 1859.

Eliot, George.  Adam Bede.  London: William Blackwood, 1859.

Marx, Karl.  Critique of Political Economy.  Berlin: F. Duncker, 1859.

Mill, John Stuart.  Essay on Liberty.  London: J.W. Parker and Son, 1859.

Wilson, Harriet E.  Our Nig: Or, Sketches in the Life of a Free Black.  Boston: G.C. Rand & Avery, 1859.

How to Cite This Page: "The Year in Review: 1859," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/almanac/1859.