MEXICO May 10.
Among the diverse measures that the supreme government has put forth to repel the invasion of the North American troops, without doubt the most worthy of mention is the naming of the right excellent Mr. Don Mariano Arista as commander-in-chief of the army defending the border. The incidents referred to by all the documents we have included recently in our newspaper are the strongest testimony supporting such a wise appointment. Mr. Arista, whose expertise, valor, and intimate knowledge of the country are so widely known, has not limited himself to the purely military operations upon which, in this most important struggle, the success of our arms depends. In the communications we published in our issue the day before yesterday, we saw the response that he so firmly and resolutely gave to the note that the consul of the United States and the American citizens lately residing in Matamoros sent him complaining about the order, justly issued by Mr. Ampadia, that they evacuate the city. The most expert and skillful diplomat would not have answered with such firmness, soundness, and precision the arguments that the complainants put forward when asking for the revocation of so necessary a decision.
Mr. Arista’s note did him great honor, as it did the Mexican nation to which he belongs. In it one sees that the author is not only immersed in the art of war, but also that he possesses great knowledge of international law, and for this reason he is quite apt to fulfill to the satisfaction of his nation the honorable commission that has been entrusted to him. The arguments with which he answers those of the American consul are so clear, and the understanding that he gives of the doctrine of Wattel, whom he cites, is so exact, that it needs no commentary.
In truth we fear to make any, because we believe that far from bringing greater clarity to the question, perhaps we will complicate it. As a result, we refrain from doing so: the grounds that Mr. Arista expounded are within the reach of all: the principal points are well-presented, they ring with a strict logic, and the arguments he uses convince the most ignorant man.
Let us observe, then, what is owed to the government in this selection of Mr. Arista, which we cannot stop applauding, and note that it accords with the rest of the resolutions wisely proclaimed by the most excellent Mr. President, with the end of obtaining the happy result that the entire nation desires in this matter upon which its fortune depends.