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The Austrian Empire mobilizes in response to the war preparations of Piedmont-Sardinia

Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, circa 1855, detail
04/09/1859
The army of the Italian kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia had mobilized the month before, claiming the threat of an Austrian invasion. In fact, Piedmont knew full well that they had been promised French assistance, if the larger power could generally be seen as the aggressor. Austrian took the bait and this day mobilized its own army in response.  Before the end of the month, Austria was at war with both Piedmont-Sardinia and France. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
The Annual Register or a View of the History and Politics of the Year 1859 (London: F. & J. Rivington, 1860), 214.
Marshall Dill, Germany: A Modern History (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1961), 124.

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