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American merchant captain discovers the Midway Islands

Midway Islands, thumbnail
Captain N.C. Brooks in the Hawaiian vessel Gambia discovered the tiny islands on the north-west end of the Hawaiian Islands chain, 1,250 miles from Honolulu.  He named them the Middlebrook Islands.  Although Brooks, a merchant captain, claimed them for the United States, this not made formal until 1869 when Washington dispatched Captain Reynolds in the U.S.S. Lackawanna to establish a base and take possession.  The name Midway Islands was adopted in 1869.  (By John Osborne)  
Source Citation: 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge Historic Preservation Plan, June, 1999 


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