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Napoleon III urges Pope Pius IX to give up the revolting Papal States

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, circa 1850, detail
12/31/1859
In his New Year's wishes letter to Pope Pius IX, Napoleon III of France advised him that the best interests of the Papal See would be served if the Pope were "to give up the provinces that had revolted" in Italy.  Following the war with Austria, many smaller states were expressing vigorously a popular desire for unification in a wider Italy under Piedmont-Sardinia leadership.  The Pope rejected this advice forcefully in a January 19, 1860 encyclical.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge (Boston: Crosby, Nichols, Lee and Company, 1861), 406.

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How to Cite This Page: "Napoleon III urges Pope Pius IX to give up the revolting Papal States," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/30096.