Charles Curtis was born in Topeka, Kansas and grew up on the Kaw Indian reservation in the care of his mother's Native American relatives after the loss of his parents He studied law, took up politics and rose to become Vice-President of the United States under Herbert Hoover. He was the first person of non-European ancestry to serve as an executive officer of the United States and the last before Barack Obama. (By John Osborne)
George P. Morehouse, "History of the Kansa or Kaw Indians," Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, Vol. X (Topeka, KS: State Printing Office, 1908), 360n.