British and French troops enter the Chinese capital
The British and French forces had continued their advance on the capital after negotiations had once again broken down and the team of British negotiators imprisoned in harsh conditions. The prisoners were released and the Chinese capital surrendered under threat of Allied bombardment. One of the gates of the city was turned over to Allied control and strong points occupied. (By John Osborne)
The Annual Register or a View of the History and Politics of the Year 1860 (London: F. & J. Rivington, 1861), 268.